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UA - CODI 225 - CD 225, Exam 1 Study Guide - Class Notes

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UA - CODI 225 - CD 225, Exam 1 Study Guide - Class Notes

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background image   Chapter ​ ​1​ ​:​ ​Study​ ​Guide   
Communication
 Disorder:​​ ​may​ ​affect​ ​any/all​ ​aspects​ ​of​ ​communication​ ​including​ ​hearing,  language, ​ ​speech​ ​processes;​ ​impairs​ ​the​ ​ability​ ​to​ ​both​ ​receive​ ​and​ ​send,​ ​process​ ​and  comprehend ​ ​concepts​ ​of​ ​verbal,​ ​nonverbal​ ​and​ ​graphic​ ​info.​ ​Ranges​ ​from​ ​mild​ ​to​ ​profound  severity ​ ​and​ ​can​ ​be​ ​developmental​ ​or​ ​acquired   
Speech
 Disorder:​​ ​atypical​ ​production​ ​of​ ​speech​ ​sounds;​ ​interruption​ ​of​ ​flow​ ​of​ ​speaking;  abnormal ​ ​production​ ​and/or​ ​absence​ ​of​ ​voice​ ​quality:​ ​pitch,​ ​loudness,​ ​resonance,​ ​and​ ​duration.  Example- ​ ​motor​ ​speech,​ ​stuttering   
Language
 Disorder:​​ ​impairment​ ​in​ ​comprehension​ ​and/or​ ​use​ ​of​ ​spoken,​ ​writing,​ ​and/or​ ​other  symbol ​ ​systems.​ ​Example-​ ​not​ ​understanding​ ​spoken​ ​commands   
Hearing
 Disorder:​​ ​a​ ​result​ ​of​ ​impaired​ ​sensitivity​ ​of​ ​the​ ​auditory​ ​or​ ​hearing​ ​system.​ ​Example-  CAPD 
 
CAPD:
​​ ​Central​ ​Auditory​ ​Processing​ ​Disorder​ ​--​ ​sound​ ​is​ ​heard​ ​but​ ​message​ ​is​ ​not​ ​understood  and/or ​ ​processed   
AAC:
​​ ​Augmentative​ ​and​ ​Alternative​ ​Communication​ ​Systems.​ ​Used​ ​to​ ​compensate​ ​and  facilitate ​ ​for​ ​impaired​ ​communication​ ​using​ ​different​ ​methods.​ ​Example​ ​-​ ​low​ ​tech​ ​=​ ​piece​ ​of  paper ​ ​with​ ​YES/NO.​ ​High​ ​tech​ ​=​ ​eye-gaze​ ​devices,​ ​etc   
Roles
 of Speech-Language Pathologist:​​ ​identify,​ ​assess,​ ​treat​ ​&​ ​prevent​ ​expressive​ ​&  receptive ​ ​communication​ ​disorders​ ​in​ ​all​ ​modalities;​ ​provide​ ​serves​ ​for​ ​swallowing​ ​disorders;  may ​ ​modify​ ​dialects   
Educational
 Requirements of Speech-Language Pathologist:​​ ​Master’s,​ ​Doctoral,​ ​or  Post-Baccalaureate ​ ​degree​ ​w/​ ​minimum​ ​36​ ​hours​ ​at​ ​graduate​ ​level;​ ​graduate​ ​of​ ​a  CAA-accredited ​ ​program​ ​(Council​ ​of​ ​Academic​ ​Accreditation);​ ​minimum​ ​400​ ​hours​ ​supervised  clinical ​ ​experience​ ​(25​ ​observation,​ ​375​ ​direct​ ​client​ ​contact​ ​with​ ​325​ ​during​ ​graduate​ ​study);  knowledge ​ ​&​ ​skills​ ​in​ ​ASHA​ ​identified​ ​areas:​ ​(1)​ ​biological,​ ​physical,​ ​&​ ​social/behavioral  sciences, ​ ​&​ ​statistics,​ ​(2)​ ​basic​ ​human​ ​communication​ ​and​ ​swallowing​ ​processes,​ ​(3)​ ​ethical  conduct, ​ ​research​ ​principles​ ​of​ ​evidence-based​ ​clinical​ ​practice,​ ​Professional​ ​Issues,​ ​(4)  sufficient ​ ​skills​ ​in​ ​oral​ ​and​ ​written​ ​communication,​ ​(5)​ ​experiences​ ​in​ ​evaluation,​ ​intervention,  interaction ​ ​and​ ​personal​ ​qualities   
Employment
 Settings of Speech-Language Pathologist:​​ ​Healthcare:​ ​hospitals,​ ​skilled  nursing ​ ​facilities,​ ​home​ ​health,​ ​SLP​ ​office,​ ​Speech​ ​and​ ​Hearing​ ​Center;​ ​Educational:  day/residential, ​ ​elementary,​ ​secondary,​ ​student’s​ ​home,​ ​administrative​ ​office,​ ​private​ ​practice   
background image   Roles  of Audiologist:​​ ​identify,​ ​assess,​ ​manage​ ​&​ ​prevent​ ​disorders​ ​of​ ​hearing​ ​and​ ​balance;  evaluate ​ ​&​ ​assist​ ​those​ ​w/​ ​auditory​ ​processing​ ​disorders​ ​(CAPD​ ​or​ ​APD);​ ​select,​ ​fit​ ​&​ ​dispense  hearing ​ ​aids​ ​/​ ​other​ ​amplification​ ​devices.​ ​Are​ ​independent​ ​professionals​ ​--​ ​no​ ​healthcare  prescription ​ ​needed!   
Education
 Requirements of Audiologist:​​ ​3-5​ ​years​ ​post​ ​undergraduate;​ ​program​ ​must  include ​ ​academic​ ​coursework​ ​&​ ​minimum​ ​1820​ ​hours​ ​of​ ​supervised​ ​practicum;​ ​knowledge​ ​&  skills ​ ​in​ ​6​ ​ASHA​ ​identified​ ​areas:​ ​(1)​ ​foundations​ ​of​ ​practice,​ ​(2)​ ​(re)habilitation,​ ​(3)  prevention/identification, ​ ​(4)​ ​advocacy/consultation,​ ​(5)​ ​assessment,​ ​(6)  education/research/administration; ​ ​must​ ​have​ ​DOCTORAL​ ​degree   
Employment
 Settings of Audiologist:​​ ​educational​ ​settings,​ ​clinics/hospitals,​ ​government  agencies, ​ ​industry   
What
  is   the   Primary   difference   in   a   technician   and   a   professional?  - A ​ ​​technician​​ ​administers​ ​clinical​ ​procedure/plan​ ​accord​ ​to​ ​predefined​ ​protocol​ ​while​ ​not  developing, ​ ​recommending,​ ​or​ ​interpreting​ ​clinical​ ​programs.  - A ​ ​​professional ​​is​ ​a​ ​​critical thinker​;​ ​she​ ​has​ ​an​ ​adequate​ ​knowledge​ ​base​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to  develop, ​ ​recommend,​ ​interpret,​ ​and​ ​implement​ ​clinical​ ​program.​ ​She​ ​can​ ​also​ ​participate  in ​ ​interdisciplinary​ ​team​ ​management.   
What
  is   the   prevalence   of   Americans   with   a   Communication   Disorder?  2 ​ ​to​ ​3​ ​in​ ​every​ ​1,000​ ​are​ ​born​ ​with​ ​hearing​ ​loss​ ​(most​ ​prevalent​ ​birth​ ​defect)  2% ​ ​of​ ​babies​ ​born​ ​in​ ​the​ ​US​ ​are​ ​born​ ​with​ ​some​ ​disability.​ ​Hearing​ ​loss​ ​is​ ​the​ ​most​ ​prevalent.   
What
  ages   are   the   clients   that   receive   services   from   SLP’s   and   Audiologists?  Clients ​ ​are​ ​of​ ​all​ ​ages,​ ​infancy​ ​to​ ​late​ ​adulthood   
 
 
background image   Chapter ​ ​2​ ​:​ ​Study​ ​Guide   
Communication:
​​ ​exchange​ ​of​ ​ideas​ ​between​ ​sender(s)​ ​and​ ​receiver(s)   
Sociolinguistics:
​​ ​how​ ​cultural​ ​identity,​ ​setting,​ ​and​ ​participants​ ​influence​ ​communication   
How
  do   the   following   affect   Communication?  - Cultural   Identity : ​ ​language​ ​and​ ​cultural​ ​communities​ ​affect​ ​vocabulary,​ ​dialect,​ ​etc  - Setting : ​ ​church​ ​versus​ ​at​ ​the​ ​movies  - Participants : ​ ​adult​ ​figure,​ ​child,​ ​young​ ​adult​ ​all​ ​affect​ ​communication   
What
  is   language?   Describe   the   three   primary   components   of   language.  Definition: ​ ​a​ ​socially​ ​shared​ ​tool​ ​used​ ​to​ ​represent​ ​concepts.​ ​Symbols​ ​are​ ​arbitrary.    1) Form ​ ​(phonology,​ ​morphology,​ ​syntax)  a) Phonology: ​ ​Sound​ ​System​ ​of​ ​Language​ ​(how​ ​sounds​ ​may​ ​be​ ​arranged​ ​in​ ​words)  b) Morphology: ​ ​Structure​ ​of​ ​Words  i) Morpheme ​:​ ​smallest​ ​grammatical​ ​units​ ​(free/bound)  c) Syntax: ​ ​how​ ​words​ ​are​ ​arranged​ ​in​ ​a​ ​sentence​ ​and​ ​the​ ​ways​ ​in​ ​which​ ​one​ ​word  may ​ ​affect​ ​another    2) Content ​ ​(semantics)  a) Semantics: ​ ​the​ ​content​ ​or​ ​meaning​ ​of​ ​language    3) Use ​ ​(pragmatics)  a) Pragmatics: ​ ​refers​ ​to​ ​how​ ​and​ ​why​ ​we​ ​use​ ​language;​ ​vary​ ​by​ ​culture   
Speech:
​​ ​acoustic​ ​representation​ ​of​ ​language  Features: ​ ​​Articulation-​​ ​speech​ ​sounds  ​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​Fluency-​​ ​flow,​ ​prosody​ ​(rate/rhythm)   
Characteristics
 of Speech:  1) Articulation- ​ ​speech​ ​sounds  2) Fluency- ​ ​flow,​ ​prosody   
Prosody:
​​ ​rate/rhythm   
Intonation:
​​ ​pitch​ ​component​ ​of​ ​voice   
Suprasegmentals
 of speech:​​ ​features​ ​of​ ​​speech ​ ​but​ ​carry​ ​meaning,​ ​so​ ​they​ ​are​ ​also  components ​ ​of​ ​​language  - Prosody ​ ​(rate/rhythm)  - Intonation ​ ​(pitch)​ ​&​ ​Stress​ ​(loudness) 

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Communicative Disorders
Course: Intro Comm Disorders
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Speech and Hearing
Name: CD 225, Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: This is the Study Guide for Exam 1 on Monday, September 11
Uploaded: 09/08/2017
10 Pages 49 Views 39 Unlocks
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