Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

UGA - POLS 1101 - Chapter 1-5 Study Guide - Study Guide

Created by: Ellie Nelson Elite Notetaker

> > > > UGA - POLS 1101 - Chapter 1-5 Study Guide - Study Guide

UGA - POLS 1101 - Chapter 1-5 Study Guide - Study Guide

School: University of Georgia
Department: OTHER
Course: American Government
Professor: Jason Byers
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: American Government
Name: Chapter 1-5 Study Guide
Description: Chapter 1-5 Study Guide
Uploaded: 09/08/2017
0 5 3 18 Reviews
This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 12 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image POLS ​ ​1101  Lynch  STUDY ​ ​GUIDE  CHAPTERS ​ ​1-5    Chapter  1  ● Politics: ​ ​“the​ ​activities​ ​associated​ ​with​ ​the​ ​governance​ ​of​ ​a​ ​country​ ​or​ ​other​ ​area,  especially ​ ​the​ ​debate​ ​or​ ​conflict​ ​among​ ​individuals​ ​or​ ​parties​ ​having​ ​or​ ​hoping​ ​to  achieve ​ ​power.”  ● Government: ​ ​the​ ​system​ ​for​ ​implementing​ ​decisions​ ​made​ ​through​ ​the​ ​political  process  ● Why  do we need government?  ○ Internal ​ ​order/​ ​domestic​ ​tranquility  ■ Courts, ​ ​police,​ ​levels​ ​of​ ​courts,​ ​FBI,​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Homeland  Security, ​ ​provides​ ​common​ ​defense​ ​(external),​ ​military,​ ​etc.  ○ Welfare  ■ Department ​ ​of​ ​Labor,​ ​helping​ ​poor/sick/unemployed,​ ​social  security, ​ ​Medicaid/Medicare,​ ​public​ ​education,​ ​infrastructure,​ ​etc.  ● Factions: ​ ​group​ ​of​ ​people​ ​motivated​ ​by​ ​self​ ​interest  ○ In ​ ​order​ ​to​ ​prevent​ ​factions​ ​from​ ​taking​ ​over​ ​and​ ​controlling,​ ​the​ ​framers​ ​of  the ​ ​Constitution​ ​created​ ​​separation of powers​​ ​(checks​ ​and​ ​balances)  ● Separation ​ ​of​ ​Powers:​ ​division​ ​of​ ​government​ ​power​ ​across​ ​the​ ​judicial,  executive, ​ ​and​ ​legislative​ ​branches  ○ Checks ​ ​and​ ​balances:​ ​a​ ​system​ ​in​ ​which​ ​each​ ​branch​ ​of​ ​government​ ​has  some ​ ​power​ ​over​ ​the​ ​others.  ● The  Prisoners’ Dilemma and how it applies to politics  ○ Prevents ​ ​states/units​ ​from​ ​going​ ​to​ ​war​ ​with​ ​each​ ​other  ● Public ​ ​goods:​ ​services​ ​or​ ​actions​ ​that,​ ​once​ ​provided​ ​to​ ​one​ ​person,​ ​become  available ​ ​to​ ​everyone. 
background image ○ Government ​ ​provides​ ​from​ ​free​ ​market  ● Collective ​ ​Action​ ​Problems:​ ​situations​ ​in​ ​which​ ​members​ ​of​ ​a​ ​group​ ​would​ ​benefit  by ​ ​working​ ​together​ ​to​ ​produce​ ​some​ ​outcome,​ ​but​ ​each​ ​individual​ ​is​ ​better​ ​off  refusing ​ ​to​ ​cooperate​ ​and​ ​reaping​ ​the​ ​benefits​ ​from​ ​those​ ​who​ ​do​ ​the​ ​work  ○ Prisoner’s ​ ​dilemma  ○ The ​ ​American​ ​Revolution:  ■ Freedom ​ ​from​ ​England​ ​was​ ​a​ ​​public​ ​good​​ ​all​ ​states​ ​would​ ​benefit  from; ​ ​states​ ​would​ ​​free​ ​ride​,​ ​often​ ​agreeing​ ​to​ ​contribute​ ​militarily  and ​ ​financially​ ​but​ ​not​ ​delivering​ ​in​ ​a​ ​timely​ ​manner.  ● Free ​ ​riders:​ ​the​ ​incentive​ ​to​ ​benefit​ ​from​ ​others’​ ​work​ ​without​ ​making​ ​a  contribution, ​ ​which​ ​leads​ ​individuals​ ​in​ ​a​ ​collective​ ​action​ ​situation​ ​to​ ​refuse​ ​to  work ​ ​together  ● Understand ​ ​the​ ​following:  ○ Politics ​ ​is​ ​conflictual  ○ The ​ ​political​ ​process​ ​matters  ○ Politics ​ ​is​ ​everywhere  ● Sources ​ ​of​ ​political​ ​conflict​ ​in​ ​the​ ​U.S.  ​ ​Political​ ​conflict​ ​over​ ​issues​ ​like​ ​the​ ​national​ ​debt,​ ​abortion,​ ​and​ ​health 
care
​ ​reflects​ ​disagreement​ ​among​ ​the​ ​American​ ​people​ ​and​ ​often​ ​requires  compromises ​ ​within​ ​the​ ​government  ○ Economic ​ ​interests  ○ Cultural ​ ​values  ○ Racial, ​ ​gender,​ ​and​ ​ethnic​ ​differences  ○ Ideology  ● Ideology: ​ ​a​ ​cohesive​ ​set​ ​of​ ​ideas​ ​and​ ​beliefs​ ​used​ ​to​ ​organize​ ​and​ ​evaluate​ ​the  political ​ ​world  ● Liberty, ​ ​Democracy,​ ​Equality  ● Who  are GA’s two U.S. Senators?  ○ Johnny ​ ​Isakson​ ​(R-GA) 
background image ○ David ​ ​Perdue​ ​(R-GA)    Chapter  2  ● Collective  Action and Founding Fathers  ● Declaration ​ ​of​ ​Independence  ● Articles ​ ​of​ ​Confederation  ○ First ​ ​constitution​ ​of​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States  ■ Very ​ ​weak​ ​national​ ​government​ ​and​ ​strong​ ​state​ ​governments  ■ decentralized/limited ​ ​government  ○ Took ​ ​5​ ​years​ ​to​ ​ratify  ○ Formed ​ ​by​ ​2nd​ ​Continental​ ​Congress  ○ Government ​ ​could​ ​borrow​ ​money​ ​but​ ​could​ ​not​ ​tax  ○ Created ​ ​a​ ​war-torn​ ​economy​ ​after​ ​war  ■ Trade ​ ​barriers​ ​in​ ​states  ■ Popular ​ ​discontent​ ​(Shay’s​ ​Rebellion)  ○ Weaknesses:  ■ Strong ​ ​state​ ​governments  ■ No ​ ​judiciary​ ​system  ■ National ​ ​government​ ​could​ ​not​ ​tax​ ​states  ■ No ​ ​central​ ​currency  ■ Each ​ ​state​ ​could​ ​sign​ ​treaties;​ ​the​ ​national​ ​government​ ​could​ ​too  ■ No ​ ​executive​ ​branch   ■ All ​ ​the​ ​states​ ​had​ ​to​ ​agree​ ​to​ ​amend​ ​it  ■ After ​ ​the​ ​war,​ ​the​ ​country​ ​was​ ​in​ ​great​ ​economic​ ​distress  ■ Led ​ ​to​ ​conflicts​ ​like​ ​​Shay’s​ ​Rebellion​;​ ​it​ ​threatened​ ​the​ ​new  government ​ ​and​ ​exposed​ ​the​ ​discontent​ ​under​ ​the​ ​Articles  ● Republicanism: ​ ​elected​ ​leaders​ ​make​ ​decisions​ ​reflective​ ​of​ ​the​ ​views​ ​of​ ​the  people.  ● Natural ​ ​rights:​ ​life,​ ​liberty,​ ​and​ ​pursuit​ ​of​ ​happiness 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of Georgia who use StudySoup to get ahead
12 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of Georgia who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of Georgia
Department: OTHER
Course: American Government
Professor: Jason Byers
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: American Government
Name: Chapter 1-5 Study Guide
Description: Chapter 1-5 Study Guide
Uploaded: 09/08/2017
12 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UGA - POLS 1101 - Study Guide - Midterm
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UGA - POLS 1101 - Study Guide - Midterm

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here