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TEXAS A&M / Chemistry / CHEM 228 / Does a hydrogen atom expand or contract as?

Does a hydrogen atom expand or contract as?

Does a hydrogen atom expand or contract as?

Description

School: Texas A&M University
Department: Chemistry
Course: Organic Chemistry II
Professor: Lin jiang
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Organic Chemistry
Cost: 25
Name: CHEM 228 1H-NMR Spectroscopy and Conjugated Dienes Notes
Description: These notes cover proton peaks and their splitting patterns, as well as hydrogen atom relationships. In addition, they include the preparation, properties and behaviors, and reactions (conjugate addition and the Diels-Alder reaction) of conjugated dienes.
Uploaded: 09/11/2017
7 Pages 38 Views 4 Unlocks
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"}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-6 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-7 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-2 0}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-1 0}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-1,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-0 0}ol.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-5 0}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-5 0}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-0 0}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-3}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-7}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-0 0}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-8}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-6 0}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-0}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-0}.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-6}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-5,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-1}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-2,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-8,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-0}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-8,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-7}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-6,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-3 0}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-0 0}.lst-kix_kdvdmykm4x7m-0 > li:before{content:"❖ "}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-1 0}.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-6 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-5}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-4 0}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-6}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-6 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-7}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-0,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-1 0}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-1}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-0}ol.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-8 0}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-7 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-8,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_lwbzy47u42sc-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-2 0}.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-5}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-2}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-6}.lst-kix_lwbzy47u42sc-7 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-6 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-3 0}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-2 0}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-4,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-7 0}.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-0 > li:before{content:"❖ "}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-2 0}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-1 > li:before{content:"➢ "}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-5 > li:before{content:"➢ "}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-7 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-8 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-8 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ol.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-3 0}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-6 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-7 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-4}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-7}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-8}ol.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-8 0}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-5}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-4 0}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rnipd2fj3wy4-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-1}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-6 0}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-1}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-5 0}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-6 0}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-4}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-5,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-0 > li:before{content:"❖ "}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-1 > li:before{content:"➢ "}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-5}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-0,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-8,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-2}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-6,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-7,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_acg88geh4syh-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-3}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-0}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-6 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-5 > li:before{content:"➢ "}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-3}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-5 0}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-2,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-3,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-5 0}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-1 0}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-0}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-0 0}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-4}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-1 0}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-1}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-1}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-8}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-7 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-4}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-4 0}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-0 > li:before{content:"❖ "}ol.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-3 0}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-8}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-8 0}.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-5}ol.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-1 0}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-6 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-3 0}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-4 0}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-1 > li:before{content:"➢ "}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9uvg3tcur3rs-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-8}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-7 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-8 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-7,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-5,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-2 0}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-5 > li:before{content:"➢ "}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-8 0}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-8 0}ol.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-0 0}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-5}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-7 0}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-4}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-7}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-6 0}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-2}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-8 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-1}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-7 0}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-0 > li:before{content:"❖ "}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-5 > li:before{content:"➢ "}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-5 > li:before{content:"➢ "}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-4 0}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-3}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-1 > li:before{content:"➢ "}.lst-kix_jeytkvhokiuj-1 > li:before{content:"➢ "}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-6 0}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-0 > li:before{content:"❖ "}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-6}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-6}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-7 0}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-5 0}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-7 0}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-3}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-6,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-3,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-6 0}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-6,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-0,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-8}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-2}.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-4,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-6 0}ol.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-8 0}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-8 0}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_lwbzy47u42sc-1 > li:before{content:"➢ "}ol.lst-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_8fktnt6b7spe-7 0}ol.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-8 0}.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-8 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_7xhp64rb06iv-8 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_xg00pck31j4-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xg00pck31j4-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-7 0}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-5,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2i3rjit7son8-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_2i3rjit7son8-6}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-1 > li:before{content:"➢ "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-2,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wsy75dnod2ah-7}.lst-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wy5qv8c2xoyo-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_e2wa48pjrf4c-5 > li:before{content:"➢ "}.lst-kix_yq62sxqudo89-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_lwbzy47u42sc-5 > li:before{content:"➢ "}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_5gklw3od3gwx-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_uf2l7kf2e4m-0}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-0 > li:before{content:"❖ "}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_x7qojmdk6ulx-8 0}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2s5ugaj9ed5v-0 > li:before{content:"❖ "}ol.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_eca0r9xjiogd-8}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-8 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qbfknhwhtx03-6,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_a2g15dlf5rc6-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}

H - NMR SpectroscopyDon't forget about the age old question of What is the function of flagella?
If you want to learn more check out How is the viral genome different from other genomes?
Don't forget about the age old question of How long can you legally be chased for a debt?

(proton)

  • Rules high similar to those of 13C NMR 

Don't forget about the age old question of What is a derived unit and can you think of another unit that is derived?

Example:  

Don't forget about the age old question of How do you solve a solution stoichiometry?

  • Number of split and peaks is [number of equivalent hydrogen neighbors + 1]

If you want to learn more check out What are the factors that change the supply?

  • Hydrogen Atom Relationships

  1. Homotopic hydrogens

  1. Non-equivalent (unrelated hydrogens) → different chemical shifts

  1. Enantiotopic hydrogens  → identical chemical shifts

        *Opposite configurations at  all chirality centers

  1. Diastereotopic hydrogens  → different chemical shifts

                *Opposite configurations at  some chirality centers

  • Hydrogen Signals

        

  • Cyclic II Systems

        *Cause protons to come to resonance downfield

  1. Aldehyde: 9.7 - 10.08

  1. Carboxylic acid: 11.0 - 12.08

Examples:

a.

b.

Example, what is the relationship of the two hydrogen atoms?

  1. enantiotopic

*Note: Replacement creates chirality center.

  1. Unrelated

  1. homotopic

  1. Diastereotopic        

                        

  • Conjugated Dienes

  1. Conjugated

  1. More stable than isolated dienes

  • Preparation by allylic bromination

  • Properties of Dienes
  1. Shorter bonds

  1. More stable than isolated dienes

a.

b. Molecular orbital theory          

*Note: all bonding = more stable

  • Reactions

        *Conjugate addition

Example:

  • Major products

  1. Kinetic product (1,2 - product)

*Formed at a faster rate at 0°C        →        85% at 0°C and 15% at 40°C

  1. Thermodynamic product (1, 4 product)

*Most stable configuration                 →         15% at 0°C and 85% at 40°C

Note:

  1. At 0°C, there’s an energy shortage. Therefore, the 1,2-product is favored due to lower activation energy.

  1. At 40°C, there’s no energy shortage which makes both reactions fast. Therefore, the yield is based on stability (1,4-product).

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