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USC / Classics / CLAS 320gmp / Nature of being/existence means what?

Nature of being/existence means what?

Nature of being/existence means what?

Description

School: University of Southern California
Department: Classics
Course: Diversity and the Classical Western Tradition
Professor: Daniel richter
Term: Summer 2016
Tags: diversity, Classical, western, Tradition, CLAS, and 320
Cost: 25
Name: CLAS 320 Week 3 Lecture Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 3. Let me know if you have any questions on content, legibility, etc. Thanks!
Uploaded: 09/12/2017
5 Pages 130 Views 18 Unlocks
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li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-1 0}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-1}.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-6 > li:before{content:"- 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li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jzu865yf2ag2-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jzu865yf2ag2-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-3}.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w9nshuoxtgc8-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5owoek5d7l5l-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3qdkrew6v0m2-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5owoek5d7l5l-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5owoek5d7l5l-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5owoek5d7l5l-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5owoek5d7l5l-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5owoek5d7l5l-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_vz7osframn8e-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5owoek5d7l5l-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5owoek5d7l5l-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-4 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-4,lower-latin) ") "}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-2,lower-roman) ") "}.lst-kix_jzu865yf2ag2-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jzu865yf2ag2-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-7 0}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-0,decimal) ") "}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-5}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-4}ol.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-8 0}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_g7ilotw4r6et-8,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_wkn4vv7931h1-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hc10eurme29n-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_fdmf60ofu8e8-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e4nsz1qtxm6-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8dyvwomtioag-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_at42pkdbfct1-8{list-style-type:none}

Lecture 3.1 If you want to learn more check out What is the polymerization of amino acids?

Theogony (Cont)

We also discuss several other topics like How is the age of fossils determined?

Ontology

  • “Nature of being/existence”
  • separation/categorization of beings

We also discuss several other topics like What are the properties of water?

Divine

Human

Beast If you want to learn more check out What is the difference between etic and emic?

Primary question

What makes us human?

(what separates human from beast? Don't forget about the age old question of In psychology, what is actometer?

MAKING MAN DISTINCT

Prometheus - “forethought” Don't forget about the age old question of What is the hammurabi code?

        [gift of fire] helps to establish ontological distinction between human and beast

  • Illicit act that Zeus allows to happen (despite knowledge to the fire’s effects)

“Aition”: creation/origin story

ORIGIN OF MAN

Gaia - Uranus’s blood

Furies - Titans - Ash-tree nymphs

                        

                        Man ( Woman) - pandora’s creation - (opens jar) - vice/sin/evil

WOMAN AND SUBJUGATION

Human condition: “Evil brought about by the existence of the female”  death/mortality

In contrast… olympians have the ability to exercise subjugative control over female (zeus > Athena), while humans lack that total control (Pandora)

DIFFS & PARALLELS

Genesis Origin Story

  • Divine creator in YW
  • Singular moments (not series of chaotic moments)
  • Binaries continue again

~ light/dark, sky/soil, heavens/earth

~ “stable anti theses”

  • Single act of creation creates upon itself (offspring, procreation)

                                                       related to G-d’s image and man’s

                                                        relation to the divine

ONTOLOGICAL SEPARATION OF MAN

Man  “In image of divine”  “Dominion over beasts”

         naming of beasts  language  creates ontological distinction

                                     

                                Prometheus’s fire

Creation of woman

  • Of flesh of man (adam’s rib)
  • Adam & Eve are naked and not ashamed

Tree of knowledge of good and evil

  • Zeus  God seeing whole human condition playing out
  • Illicit act, but it is allowed and is essential for our concept of a human condition
  • Divine is unlimited, human is limited (loss, gref, vice, etc.)

Introduction of shame (and rationality)

                                Hiding - from each other and from God

Sexuality  difference of gender

~ “ shame entails knowledge of good and evil”

~ “gender distincts human from define”

  • Woman receives painful childbirth (for eating fruit)
  • Adam is submissive to YW,but also receives dominion over woman

  • Adam and Eve expelled from garden mortality

Similarities (between theogony  Genesis) found in focus on ontological distinction between man, the beast, and the divine

Lecture 3.2

Morton’s Original 5 races

  1. Caucasian
  2. Mongolian
  3. Maylay
  4. American
  5. Ethiopian

Race explains history for people like Morton, as their are inherent cognitive/physical/moral limits based on their race

  • “Biological determinism”  “Climate determinism”
  • Limits based on environment/climate; also allows for

                                        a concept of change

[460-370 BC]

Airs, Waters, Places

By Hippocrates of Kos

Written in “tradition of Hippocrates”, I.E. in the tradition of being a professional physician

“Nomos”         “Pusis”

                

Custom        Nature

  • This is a medical text
  • Physicians were a travelling job
  • Understand climate good job

Monogenesis: (from biblical premise that) Adam & Eve are O.G. ancestors, but different ethnic groups degenerate over time to form diff groups, the speed of the degen determined by climate (racial characteristics “stable” by 19th century)

First Half (I-XI)

~ sets up methodology for

  • Winds
  • Waters
  • Nature of places

Second half

  • Ethnographic claims
  • Europe vs. Asia

Second half of Airs, Waters, Places

  • Climate determines physical characteristics
  • “Soft, languid, unchanging”
  • Characteristics in direct parallel

CLAIM:

“The influences of climate on character is absolute”

  • Even an immigrant would become transformed after switching locations

(Don’t know after how much time)

  • Goes against any sense of biological determinism (no stability)
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