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Clemson - LAW 3220 - Law 3220 Week 4 Notes - Class Notes

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Schools > Clemson University > Law > LAW 3220 > Clemson - LAW 3220 - Law 3220 Week 4 Notes - Class Notes

Clemson - LAW 3220 - Law 3220 Week 4 Notes - Class Notes

School: Clemson University
Department: Law
Course: Legal Environment of Business
Professor: John Hine
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Law and constitution
Name: Law 3220 Week 4 Notes
Description: These notes cover material that will be on test 2 from chapter 4
Uploaded: 09/15/2017
This preview shows pages 1 - 2 of a 3 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Law 3220:
Week 4 Notes
Constitution came into effect in 1789
-Seven articles
-7 th  contains 27 amendments created over 220 years -Written broadly Article 1:
-Creates legislative branch
-House and senate
-Checks and balances
-Can serve for 2 years (house representatives)
-Can serve for 6 years (senate)
-Each state elects house representatives based on their population
-Each state elects 2 senators
-All bills to raise taxes must start in the senate
-If houses agree, a bill goes to the president
-If he does not sign it goes back to congress which can override  the president
-Defines powers (money, wars, interstate commerce)
-Interstate commerce, between states
-Intrastate commerce, inside one state, regulated by the states 
individually
-Necessary and proper clause: congress has the power to pass all rules 
and regulations necessary to carry out all the powers they have
Article 2:
-President is elected every 4 years
-Age requirements
-Popular vote doesn’t technically elect the president
-Electoral college is supposed to cast vote based on popular vote
-Electoral college doesn’t technically have to follow popular vote 
(depending on the state)
-President has to make state of the union addresses to congress Article 3:
-Creates judicial branch
-All criminal trials are entitled to a jury 
Article 4:
-Role of the states
-Power is not exclusively in the federal government
-States should support each other
-States should give same rights to residents and non-residents
background image Article 5:
-How you can amend the constitution (2 ways)
1. 2/3 of the members of the house and senate propose an  amendment -3/4 of the states must ratify it 2. 2/3 of the states can propose an amendment -3/4 of the states must ratify it
-This option has never been used
Article 6:
-27 amendments
-First 10: Bill of Rights (1791)
1. Freedom of speech, press, religion -Courts have said certain speech and press are not 
protected (creating panic and injuries, cannot print 
malicious false information)
2. Right to keep and bare arms
3. No soldiers can be quartered in our house without your 
permission 4. Search and seizure -For it to be legal, a judge must issue a search warrant, 
must have probable cause
-Can’t introduce it at trial without a search warrant
-Don’t need a warrant in places where public safety is 
concerned (like a school bus driver)
5. You have the right not to testify against yourself -Only applies to us as individuals, not businesses
-If criminal, can only be tried once for the same offense
-Government cannot take your property for public use 
unless they compensate you for it
6. You are entitled to a jury and a speedy trial (criminal trials) -Judge can look at reasons for delay
-You have the right to council
7. In any civil trial, if the amount exceeds $20, you have the right to a jury -Cannot appeal questions of fact 8. No excessive bail -No cruel and unusual punishment 9. Bill of Rights is not all-inclusive -There are other rights you are entitled to 10. States have a role to play  11. Cannot force US laws on foreigners
12. Electoral college
-How they are elected and what their duties are 13. Abolished slavery -Congress can enforce by appropriate legislation

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School: Clemson University
Department: Law
Course: Legal Environment of Business
Professor: John Hine
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Law and constitution
Name: Law 3220 Week 4 Notes
Description: These notes cover material that will be on test 2 from chapter 4
Uploaded: 09/15/2017
3 Pages 26 Views 20 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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