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LSU / Geology / GEOL 1001 / How do plate tectonics transform boundary?

How do plate tectonics transform boundary?

How do plate tectonics transform boundary?

Description

School: Louisiana State University
Department: Geology
Course: General Geology: Physical
Professor: J. lorenzo
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Geology and geology1001
Cost: 25
Name: Geology 1001 Weeks 3-4 Notes
Description: These notes cover the sketches of the last part of chapter 3 and chapter 4 down in class.
Uploaded: 09/16/2017
22 Pages 99 Views 3 Unlocks
Reviews


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How do plate tectonics transform boundary?



Mid-ocean

Ridge

aris

thin, hot, high elevation

of

faults tearthquakes

w

- lithosphere

V

o ceanic crust

-

mantle

lithosphere

athensphere

athenospher

eart

and new crust

forms

TI

Ocean - continent Convergence If you want to learn more check out What are the varieties of protein that you can find in a healthy eating pattern?

(subduction)


Do plates move through time or stay still?



Don't forget about the age old question of What refers to the smallest glial cell?

Oceanic crist subducts beneath the continent because it is more danse

1

omaly )

(crust destroyed)

I

ac accretionary.

-volcanoes

wedge

thench thench

(priem)

- faults, earthquakes,

X and deformed .

Wst

oceanic crust Don't forget about the age old question of Where can we find most amount of sediment?

SUS


What refers to anything made with more than 1 mineral?



NA

cont. crust

-

lith-mantle

000W

-

-

asthenosphere,

lith mantle

- -

as then.

-

melting off slab

=

=

=

=

=

=

m

Plate

Tectonics

Transform Boundary - sliding horizontally past each other - links other boundaries - No magna or volcanism - earthquakes present

l

block

diagram

. wwwwwwwwwwwwww www

cross-section If you want to learn more check out How did siddharta guatama challenge the caste system?

i 11 ili 111

A transform

Plate B

FUTWOHN

I Plate A

Fracture zone

M.O.R.

linear crack that is no longer active (No earthquakes)

Hot Sputs: magma sources that form away

from plate boundaries

I wolcano

a ] Lithosphere

-

7 atherosphene

- magma

chamber

mantle e-melting

WA

cone

• Plates more through time, but hot

spots stay still Time I (10 mys) e t If you want to learn more check out How do scientific paradigms work?
If you want to learn more check out Which institutions produce social facts?

olate moves

Time 2 (5 My.) E

Time?

*ratet

e Volcano

one

direction of plate vole

A+B

notion

extinct

10 km /loma

Chapter 4

Earth

Materials

Rock anything made with more than I mineral Definition of a mineral (s criteria)

1. Solid water is not a mineral, ice is 2. Naturally occurring synthetic gems are not 3. Inorganic shell not a mineral

(used to be part of a living

minerals

4. Ordered atomic structure eg.

petrified wood silica ore

(not ordered)

5. Spuitic chemical composition:

K salt (halite): Nach

quartz SiO2

calcite CaCO3 Defemine a type of mineral

"physical properties" - cleavage plane of weakness in a mineral

most easily breaks fracture no planes of weakness eig cleavage mica - I plane e.g. fracture quartz

- hardness relative hardness

"Mohs Scale" - a material that can scratch

another is harder

10: diamond

il

quartz

(fingernail

- color not diagnostic, but always noted <1% contains a trace element,

color can change

<1% offe, e.g. + mineral I had Instead use streak

a mineral in its powdered form

luse a streak plate to find) - luster: how a mineral scatters light

e.g. metallic, glassy (ritreous),

silky, satiny, earthy

-density or specific gravity (writless measure,

compares density w/ water)

Study SouTube

- crystal habit (form):

Shape of a well-formed mineral

depends on atomic structure

a cubic a platay

www

- special properties

• minerals react to acid

A calcite CaCO3

(calcium carbonate) magnetic mineral

magnetite iron oxide

· Halite (NaCl)

& tastes like salt

• Si Oy is the building block of many minerals

part A

or oxygen

&

silicate

.: Silicon

tetrahedron

Si Oy can boord by sharing o atoms or other elements

part B: @ independent tetra / example

single chain lor -tetra share 2 O (orygen) atoms

www

w

www

ww

ANA

ww

www

ex: pyroxene

Double Chain silicate

www

wwwwwww

w

2

planes of cleavage at 60-120° angle ay e.g. amphibole L (not required for examp

Sheet silicates tetrahedra are bonded

in sheets; sheets are borded by intermolecular forces so y forces are weak

(IMF)

he weak

sheets of bonded

tetra

har e.g. Micas

biotite

-

muscovite

- Weak intermolecular e.go.

forces

• I main distinction direction of cleavage

- between bonded layers

how

Sour

to remember

A don't

need

Independent Tetrahedra

Olivine (Mg, Fe), Si Ou Single chain

Pyroxen Sheet silicate Muscovite K Als Siz O .o (OM),

Test Question

How do atoms bond? which bond is strony weak

- give an example o strongest bord covalent te= electron]

atoms share e

*

..

Water le

Con

Oxygen

molecule

Orygent ? Hydrogen

6 ein outer shell I é Cinner shell)

&

• mineral examples: diamond, quartz

Weaker than covalent = ionic

atoms loan an e

ni Na (Sodium) = lein outer shell

.c1 (Chlorine) : 70 .eg. Halite (table salt)

Weaker than ionic = metallic

e are shared widely

free flow of a

A e.g. any metal

ON V

weaker IMF ou

forces that weakly hold together molecules

- Covalent borded

o

sheets

weak forces between layers e.g. mica

Diamond vs. graphite chem. formula

4 Different crystalline structure

3 different chemical bonds Diamond

- Graphite way - sheet structure

- weakly connected

- framework - strong covalent

by IMF

bords

-

Mid-ocean

Ridge

aris

thin, hot, high elevation

of

faults tearthquakes

w

- lithosphere

V

o ceanic crust

-

mantle

lithosphere

athensphere

athenospher

eart

and new crust

forms

TI

Ocean - continent Convergence

(subduction)

Oceanic crist subducts beneath the continent because it is more danse

1

omaly )

(crust destroyed)

I

ac accretionary.

-volcanoes

wedge

thench thench

(priem)

- faults, earthquakes,

X and deformed .

Wst

oceanic crust

SUS

NA

cont. crust

-

lith-mantle

000W

-

-

asthenosphere,

lith mantle

- -

as then.

-

melting off slab

=

=

=

=

=

=

m

Plate

Tectonics

Transform Boundary - sliding horizontally past each other - links other boundaries - No magna or volcanism - earthquakes present

l

block

diagram

. wwwwwwwwwwwwww www

cross-section

i 11 ili 111

A transform

Plate B

FUTWOHN

I Plate A

Fracture zone

M.O.R.

linear crack that is no longer active (No earthquakes)

Hot Sputs: magma sources that form away

from plate boundaries

I wolcano

a ] Lithosphere

-

7 atherosphene

- magma

chamber

mantle e-melting

WA

cone

• Plates more through time, but hot

spots stay still Time I (10 mys) e t

olate moves

Time 2 (5 My.) E

Time?

*ratet

e Volcano

one

direction of plate vole

A+B

notion

extinct

10 km /loma

Chapter 4

Earth

Materials

Rock anything made with more than I mineral Definition of a mineral (s criteria)

1. Solid water is not a mineral, ice is 2. Naturally occurring synthetic gems are not 3. Inorganic shell not a mineral

(used to be part of a living

minerals

4. Ordered atomic structure eg.

petrified wood silica ore

(not ordered)

5. Spuitic chemical composition:

K salt (halite): Nach

quartz SiO2

calcite CaCO3 Defemine a type of mineral

"physical properties" - cleavage plane of weakness in a mineral

most easily breaks fracture no planes of weakness eig cleavage mica - I plane e.g. fracture quartz

- hardness relative hardness

"Mohs Scale" - a material that can scratch

another is harder

10: diamond

il

quartz

(fingernail

- color not diagnostic, but always noted <1% contains a trace element,

color can change

<1% offe, e.g. + mineral I had Instead use streak

a mineral in its powdered form

luse a streak plate to find) - luster: how a mineral scatters light

e.g. metallic, glassy (ritreous),

silky, satiny, earthy

-density or specific gravity (writless measure,

compares density w/ water)

Study SouTube

- crystal habit (form):

Shape of a well-formed mineral

depends on atomic structure

a cubic a platay

www

- special properties

• minerals react to acid

A calcite CaCO3

(calcium carbonate) magnetic mineral

magnetite iron oxide

· Halite (NaCl)

& tastes like salt

• Si Oy is the building block of many minerals

part A

or oxygen

&

silicate

.: Silicon

tetrahedron

Si Oy can boord by sharing o atoms or other elements

part B: @ independent tetra / example

single chain lor -tetra share 2 O (orygen) atoms

www

w

www

ww

ANA

ww

www

ex: pyroxene

Double Chain silicate

www

wwwwwww

w

2

planes of cleavage at 60-120° angle ay e.g. amphibole L (not required for examp

Sheet silicates tetrahedra are bonded

in sheets; sheets are borded by intermolecular forces so y forces are weak

(IMF)

he weak

sheets of bonded

tetra

har e.g. Micas

biotite

-

muscovite

- Weak intermolecular e.go.

forces

• I main distinction direction of cleavage

- between bonded layers

how

Sour

to remember

A don't

need

Independent Tetrahedra

Olivine (Mg, Fe), Si Ou Single chain

Pyroxen Sheet silicate Muscovite K Als Siz O .o (OM),

Test Question

How do atoms bond? which bond is strony weak

- give an example o strongest bord covalent te= electron]

atoms share e

*

..

Water le

Con

Oxygen

molecule

Orygent ? Hydrogen

6 ein outer shell I é Cinner shell)

&

• mineral examples: diamond, quartz

Weaker than covalent = ionic

atoms loan an e

ni Na (Sodium) = lein outer shell

.c1 (Chlorine) : 70 .eg. Halite (table salt)

Weaker than ionic = metallic

e are shared widely

free flow of a

A e.g. any metal

ON V

weaker IMF ou

forces that weakly hold together molecules

- Covalent borded

o

sheets

weak forces between layers e.g. mica

Diamond vs. graphite chem. formula

4 Different crystalline structure

3 different chemical bonds Diamond

- Graphite way - sheet structure

- weakly connected

- framework - strong covalent

by IMF

bords

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