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Virginia Tech - GEOS 1024 - Study Guide - Midterm

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Virginia Tech - GEOS 1024 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department: Geoscience
Course: Resources Geology
Professor: Luca Fedele
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: ResGeo
Description: Exam 1 Study Guide
Uploaded: 09/19/2017
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background image 1. By ignoring the ________, economies create a false sense of the _______ of  particular choices. a. internal costs; external cost;  b. true cost; closed­loop; 
c. true costs; external cost; 
d. external costs; true cost; 
e. internal costs; true cost; 
2. What three factors are multiplied in the IPAT model to estimate a population’s  impact on the environment? a. population growth, agriculture, and textiles; 
b. perception, action, and time; 
c. population, affluence, and technology; 
d. people, animals, and technology; 
e. predisposition, annual income, and taxation;  3. Which of the following is an example of an external cost? a. labor; 
b. a fee a company pays to have their product shipped internationally; 
c. a federal tax that is placed on a product sold by a business; 
d. the savings a business realizes when making its products or services 
sustainable; e. health costs stemming from the hazardous wastes produced during the  making of a product; 4. One major difference between mainstream and environmental economics is that  mainstream economics assumes that waste can be disposed of in a(n) _______ 
system.
a. two­way; 
b. open­loop; 
c. bilinear; 
d. closed­loop; 
e. linear;  5. Which of the following would be part of an environmental economist’s agenda? a. to discount future value of ecosystem goods and services; 
b. to price the product of a service such that costs associated with 
manufacturing, labor, and utilities are accounted for, but costs associated 
with pollution and resource depletion are not;
c. to emphasize a linear, product­oriented economic system;
d. to consider the long­term impact of our consumption choices on human 
society and the environment; e. to maximize the size of the ecological footprint associated with a product  or service; 6. An increase population causes all but one of the following. a. water pollution 
background image b. an impoverished environment  c. land degradation 
d. increased standard of living due to technology 
e. water supply depletion  7. As a country’s economy changes from preindustrial to postindustrial, low birth  and death rates replace high birth and death rates. This phenomenon is known 
as:
a. replacement fertility rate 
b. total fertility rate 
c. population densities 
d. demographic transition 
e. zero population growth  8. The industrializing stage of the demographic transition is characterized by ____  population growth. a. declining  b. moderate 
c. slow 
d. very slow 
e. rapid 
9. The rate at which children must be born to replace individuals dying in the  population is called: a. fertility rate 
b. demographic transition 
c. carrying capacity 
d. replacement fertility rate 
e. positive growth  10.When does zero population growth occur? a. when the replacement fertility rate is higher than the death rate 
b. when population growth rates decline 
c. when birth rates equal death rates 
d. when birth rates fall and death rates continue to rise 
e. when death rates fall 11.Urbanization and the construction of dams in the developing world have  increased the incidence and range of: a. waterborne pathogens.  b. airborne pathogens. 
c. soil pathogens. 
d. contact pathogens. 
e. cancer. 
12.Dengue virus, West Nile virus, and malaria are all transmitted by: a. ticks.  b. fleas. 
c. lice. 

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Join more than 18,000+ college students at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department: Geoscience
Course: Resources Geology
Professor: Luca Fedele
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: ResGeo
Description: Exam 1 Study Guide
Uploaded: 09/19/2017
4 Pages 15 Views 12 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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