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USC / Classics / CLAS 320gmp / What was the role of herodotus in the persian empire?

What was the role of herodotus in the persian empire?

What was the role of herodotus in the persian empire?

Description

School: University of Southern California
Department: Classics
Course: Diversity and the Classical Western Tradition
Professor: Daniel richter
Term: Summer 2016
Tags: Classic, CLAS, 320, diversity, Classical, western, and Tradition
Cost: 25
Name: CLAS 320 Week 5 Lecture Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 5 (tue only as thu lecture was cancelled)
Uploaded: 09/22/2017
4 Pages 114 Views 19 Unlocks
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Lecture 5.1 CLAS 320If you want to learn more check out Define conditional probability.

Herodotus

  • 490 BC End of Persian Wars (Catalyzes Greek/Barbarian Dichotomy)
  • For Herodotus, customs and stories they tell are what differentiate and define various peoples
  • To Hellenikon’s Culture
  • Blood
  • Language
  • Panhellenic Shrines
  • Nomoi *Customs)

Plane + Sophia

  • Means “Wandering” and “Wisdom”
  • Nomos likes to stay in place, even though it isn't inherently attached to land, this when nomos is displaced, conflict arises (But Nomos still can move)

We also discuss several other topics like How can science be applied to political science?

Identity Perspectives

  • Emic: “This is who we are” (Inside)
  • Etic: “This is who you are” (Outside)

Don't forget about the age old question of What do forces do?

Identity Modes

  • Oppositional: Example - Not Barbarian, not slaves
  • Aggregative: Commonalities Example - We don’t eat pork

We also discuss several other topics like What comprises most of the global markets?

Example: “They don’t eat pork” would be an etic/aggregative description

Borrowing from commonly used Greek concepts of opposite binaries, Herodotus puts Greeks and Egyptians in a binary with each other. (E.G. Greeks write left to right while Egyptians supposedly write from right to left.)

We also discuss several other topics like How can astronomers predict if planet existed around other stars?

Ontological sameness of the Gods

  • The Pantheon of Gods is the same across cultures, but different cultures might worship them by a different name.
  • When faced with a new God, a pantheon can introduce that God into the pantheon (or relate it to an existing God with a different name)
  • However, they cannot accept a new pantheon entirely.

Don't forget about the age old question of What does nosology mean?

Egypt vs Greece

  • People see tEgypt as a far older civilization than Greece
  • Herodotus then basically claims that Greece drew several cultural elements (Gods, Tech, Astronomy) However, this doesn’t necessarily mean that Egyptians have a superior culture.
  • Herodotus implies Greeks have cultural confidence to take “Good/Best” nomoi, as opposed to Barbarians, who take elements of culture without care.

Race does not explain history for Herodotus

  • Dodona Story
  • Black dove from Egypt flies to Greek city of Dodona, settles on tree and declares oracle to Zeus, using Greek language (Described as human language)
  • Human Language - Greek

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