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UH - POLS 1337 - Political science - Study Guide

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UH - POLS 1337 - Political science - Study Guide

School: University of Houston
Department: OTHER
Course: US Government
Professor: Brandon Rottinghaus
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Political science
Description: Notes from the beginning to types of powers
Uploaded: 09/27/2017
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background image PUBLIC POLICY – the actions by government to achieve a goal. It determine 
who gets what, when, and how with what results.
So, the laws that regulate the American economy, social issues, and even 
political participation are examples of public policy. 
PUBLIC POLICY IS OFTEN DIVIDED INTO 5 STAGES (IDEAL MODEL OF THE 
PROCESS)
Identifying the problem.  Placing the problem on the agenda of policy makers. Formulating a solution.  Enacting and implementing the solution. Evaluating the effectiveness of the solution. This process doesn’t always unfold neatly!  WHO DEALS WITH THOSE ISSUES? 
 
- Congress
- President
- The executive branch agency that deals with the issue
- The courts
- Political parties
- Interested groups, and interested citizens. 
DEMOCRACY AND THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM WHAT DOES DEMOCRACY MEAN?  - System of the government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them either directly or indirectly through 
elected representatives.  – that 
Means rule by majority. 
WHAT IS MAJORITY RULE?
 - Idea that a numerical majority of a group should hold the power to make 
decisions binding on the whole group; a simple majority. 
JOHN COTTON, 1644 -Leading clergyman of colonial period. 
- Declared democracy “ the meanest and worst of all forms of government.”
background image EDMUND BURKE - A British political philosopher and politician
- Wrote that “ perfect democracy is.. the most shameless thing the 
world.” WHY DOES THE CONSITUTION MATTER? Constitution – body of fundamental laws which say how a government 
is to operate
o It is the supreme law of the land 
o It explains how the government works
o It protects your civil rights 
BRITISH CONSTITUTION  Set of documents starting from Magna Carta 1215 o Define rights of people, limits the power of kings Glorious revolution of 1688 parliament assert the power to suspend the
law, to levy taxes and maintain a standing army
By the 18 th  cc British citizen were guaranteed some certain rights  AMERICAN CONSTITUTION Political consensus embraces a commitment to  o Individual freedom 
o Democracy 
o Equality of opportunity
o Rule of law 
The constitution is a political covenant Sets general parameters of government and defines citizens’ 
relationship to government 
ESTABLISHMENT OF COLONIES Declaration of independence 1776 Adoption of constitution 1787 Colonies established for economic reason for European powers need 
for raw materials and consumer market 
Many European moved here for economic opportunities and religious 
freedom
Calvinist Protestants- puritans-moved to Plymouth  Acc. To Tocqueville Puritans provide moral foundation of American 
democracy 
o Hard work, self reliance, persona responsibility  ESTABLISHMENT OF COLONIES 60% was English colonists but there were also Dutch, Welch, Scots and 
Germans
background image In the south 28% was forced slaves! May flower compact – the first written agreement for self government 
in America from Plymouth colony written by pilgrim fathers. A social 
contract based on rule of law and consent of males, and set up their 
own government. 
GOVERNMENT IN COLONIES Power of colonial government were limited by written charters Except for Pennsylvania they had bicameral legislatures Colonial governors had broad powers like appoint judges, right to veto 
legislation 
Courts follow common law of England  ESSENTIAL QUESTION:
WHICH BRITISH POLOCIES IN THE COLONIES LEAD TO DISAGREEMENTS?
NAVIGATION ACTS 1756 King George III used an old law to make the colonist pay taxes on 
goods shipped in English ships. The colonist responded by smuggling 
goods!
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR (1754-1763) The British won the French and Indian war but had a large debt 
because of it. They decide to tax the colonies for defending them in the
war. 
WRITS OF ASSISTANCE The king angered the colonists again by enacting the Writs of 
Assistance, which was another old law. This allowed the use of general 
search warrants, which let them search anyone, anytime, anywhere. 
The colonists were very angry and protested. 
PROCLAMATION OF 1763 The proclamation of 1763 was an act in which the king said NO! to 
settling west of Appalachian Mountains. The colonists disobeyed his 
orders. 
THE STAMP ACT OF 1765 Placed taxes on any articles written on paper. This included 
newspapers. Wills, licenses, deeds, and pamphlets. 
THE QUARTERING ACT 1765
background image Said that colonist must provide for salaries, housing, and supplies for 
British soldiers. The colonist did not agree and did not obey. 
TOWNSHEND ACTS He proposes of the Townshend acts were  o To raise revenue in the colonies to pay the salaries of governors  and judges so that they would remain loyal to Great Britain,  o To create a more effective means of enforcing compliance with  trade regulations o To punish the providence of NY for failing to comply with the  Quartering Act  o To establish the precedent that the british parliament had the  right to tax the colonies The Townshend act (1767) were met with resistance in the colonies, 
prompting the occupation of boston by british troops in 1768, which 
eventually resulted in the boston massacre of 1770. 
As a result of widespread protest in the American colonies, parliament 
began to partially repeat the Townshend duties. Most of the new taxes 
were repealed, but the tax on tea was retained. 
BOSTON TEA PARTY Seeking to boost the troubled east india company, british parliament 
adjusted import duties with the passage of the tea act in 1773. While 
consignees in Charleston, new York, and Philadelphia rejected tea 
shipments, merchants in boston refused to concede to patriot pressure.
On December 16 1773, sam adams led a group of patriots disguised as
Indians on a raid of british ships docked in boston’s harbor. 
They dumped the cargos of tea overboard.  NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION Samuel adams mobilized against Townshend act Colonist demand to participate in political decision Brits seized a ship belonging to john hancock and send more soldiers Boston massacre of 1770-brits killing 5 colonists and wounded 6 The boston massacre is remembered as a key event in helping to 
galvanize the colonial public to the patriot cause. 
THE INTOLERABLE ACT OF 1774 Punished boston for the tea party. It closed the harbor until it was 
cleaned up, self government was denied in massachussetts, and the 
quartering act was enforced. 

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School: University of Houston
Department: OTHER
Course: US Government
Professor: Brandon Rottinghaus
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Political science
Description: Notes from the beginning to types of powers
Uploaded: 09/27/2017
17 Pages 67 Views 53 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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