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NYU - SOC 001 - Class Notes - Week 3

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NYU - SOC 001 - Class Notes - Week 3

School: New York University
Department: Sociology
Course: Introduction to Sociology
Professor: Jeff Manza
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: karl marx, social, sociology, and institutions
Name: Intro to Soc 001 Week 3 Notes
Description: SOC talk: Prof. Vivek Chibber, "The Continuing Importance of Karl Marx" Social Structure Marx 1859 Preface Social Institutions Organized Institutions
Uploaded: 09/28/2017
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background image SOC ​ ​talk:​ ​Prof.​ ​Vivek​ ​Chibber,​ ​“The​ ​Continuing​ ​Importance​ ​of​ ​Karl​ ​Marx”    How ​​ ​you​ ​earn​ ​money​ ​determines​ ​​class​.   - Earn ​ ​in​ ​a​ ​way​ ​that​ ​causes​ ​conflict  Ex: ​ ​A​ ​factory​ ​-​ ​the​ ​asset​ ​of​ ​having​ ​ownership​ ​of​ ​the​ ​factory​ ​gives​ ​the​ ​majority​ ​of​ ​revenue​ ​to​ ​the  owner ​ ​even​ ​though​ ​the​ ​generation​ ​of​ ​revenue​ ​was​ ​from​ ​like​ ​50​ ​workers.​ ​Why​ ​does​ ​he​ ​take​ ​the  majority? ​ ​Because​ ​he’s​ ​capitalist,​ ​because​ ​he’s​ ​upper​ ​class.​ ​Since​ ​he​ ​is​ ​taking​ ​the​ ​majority​ ​of​ ​the  revenue ​ ​he​ ​maintains​ ​his​ ​rich​ ​status.     1) Class ​ ​differences​ ​create​ ​income​ ​inequality;​ ​therefore,​ ​injustice​ ​is​ ​a​ ​result​ ​of​ ​class​ ​society  2) Those ​ ​at​ ​the​ ​bottom​ ​of​ ​class​ ​will​ ​fight​ ​back​ ​trying​ ​to​ ​change​ ​class​ ​structure​ ​for​ ​justice​ ​or  better ​ ​equality   3) Class ​ ​struggle​ ​is​ ​defined​ ​by​ ​the​ ​lower​ ​class​ ​fighting​ ​back   
Recently,
​ ​all​ ​productivity​ ​gains​ ​go​ ​to​ ​the​ ​wealthy​ ​and​ ​it​ ​is​ ​not​ ​split.​ ​Wage​ ​has​ ​been​ ​stagnant​ ​→​ ​why?  ​ ​leverage​ ​for​ ​workers​ ​to​ ​get​ ​better​ ​wages​ ​has​ ​been​ ​shot​ ​to​ ​hell   
Mobility
​ ​is​ ​real​ ​(achievable)​ ​but​ ​limited​ ​→​ ​can’t​ ​go​ ​up​ ​2​ ​quintiles​ ​of​ ​a​ ​difference​ ​in​ ​social​ ​status   
Basically,
​ ​class​ ​is​ ​determined​ ​by​ ​the​ ​amount​ ​of​ ​social​ ​influence.      
 
 
background image Chapter ​ ​5:​ ​Social​ ​Structure      More ​ ​production​ ​creates​ ​economic​ ​growth​ ​but​ ​at​ ​some​ ​point​ ​the​ ​relations​ ​come​ ​into​ ​conflict​ ​with  forces ​ ​→​ ​productions​ ​stymie​ ​→​ ​and​ ​people​ ​begin​ ​start​ ​to​ ​challenging​ ​the​ ​legal/political  superstructure ​ ​and​ ​everything​ ​below​ ​it.    
Our
​ ​individual​ ​consciousness​ ​is​ ​set​ ​by​ ​the​ ​existing​ ​mode​ ​of​ ​production​ ​that​ ​restrains​ ​us​ ​within​ ​these  structures ​ ​and​ ​underestimate​ ​the​ ​capacity​ ​to​ ​our​ ​creativity​ ​of​ ​thinking​ ​of​ ​other​ ​structures.    
SOCIAL
​ ​STRUCTURE  Where ​ ​Does​ ​Social​ ​Structure​ ​Come​ ​From?  - “Tragedy ​ ​of​ ​Commons”​ ​(Hardin)  - Reflect ​ ​on​ ​nature​ ​of​ ​countryside​ ​in​ ​England​ ​where​ ​there​ ​is​ ​a​ ​​rule​​ ​that​ ​everyone  shares ​ ​the​ ​land.​ ​BUT​ ​what​ ​happens​ ​when​ ​someone​ ​takes​ ​more​ ​than​ ​their​ ​share?​ ​→  uh ​ ​oh!​ ​If​ ​one​ ​family​ ​decides​ ​to​ ​bring​ ​more​ ​cows​ ​than​ ​they​ ​should​ ​→​ ​grass​ ​is​ ​no  longer ​ ​fertile​ ​(depleted​ ​resources)​ ​→​ ​all​ ​the​ ​cows​ ​die.   - Solution: ​ ​only​ ​20​ ​cows​ ​are​ ​allowed​ ​per​ ​family​ ​→​ ​they​ ​created​ ​limitations​ ​to​ ​using​ ​the  common ​ ​area​ ​→​ ​creating​ ​social​ ​​ ​​institutions​,​ ​rules,​ ​limits,​ ​to​ ​prevent​ ​cow​ ​tragedies.   
We
​ ​need​ ​institutions​ ​to​ ​guide​ ​us​ ​because​ ​we​ ​naturally​ ​will​ ​take​ ​too​ ​much.  

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School: New York University
Department: Sociology
Course: Introduction to Sociology
Professor: Jeff Manza
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: karl marx, social, sociology, and institutions
Name: Intro to Soc 001 Week 3 Notes
Description: SOC talk: Prof. Vivek Chibber, "The Continuing Importance of Karl Marx" Social Structure Marx 1859 Preface Social Institutions Organized Institutions
Uploaded: 09/28/2017
6 Pages 50 Views 40 Unlocks
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