History test 1 studyguide
I have complied a list of definitions from notes or Wikipedia or other websites that you need to know about and know why they are important to history. Know enough details to write 23 sentences about them. Know the chronological order of the U.S. from 18771915 and be able to write a wellorganized essay about it. These topics listed are good things to mention in essay and interpret movements and events. There are also a few questions to think about and answer. Also be sure to have read and understood The Souls of Black Folk.
Bargain of 1877: was an unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and ending the Reconstruction Era.
NAWSA: The National American Woman Suffrage Association was formed to work for women's suffrage in the United States. It was created by the merger of two existing organizations, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA).
Freedmen’s Bureau: was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War
Lusitania: was a British ocean liner that a German submarine sank in World War I, causing a major diplomatic uproar. A German Uboat torpedoed and sank the RMS Lusitania. Nearly two years would pass before the United States formally entered World War I, but the sinking of the Lusitania played a significant role in turning public opinion against Germany. 14th Amendment: All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
We also discuss several other topics like Wha is the cognitive dissonance theory?
League of Nations: an international organization created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes.
American Federation of Labor: (AFL) was a national federation of labor unions in the United States founded by an alliance of craft unions disillusioned from the Knights of Labor. Eugene Debs: an American union leader, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World, and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party. Don't forget about the age old question of what are the difference between atoms and molecules?
Andrew Carnegie: a ScottishAmerican industrialist. Carnegie led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century and is often identified as one of the richest people ever. The Jungle: novel written by the American journalist Upton Sinclair. Sinclair wrote the novel to portray the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities.
The Souls of Black Folk: a classic work of American literature by W. E. B. Du Bois. It is a work in the history of sociology, and a cornerstone of AfricanAmerican literary history. New Freedom: The New Freedom has three meanings. This was Woodrow Wilson's campaign slogan in the 1912 election. The first two comprise the campaign speeches and promises of
Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential campaign calling for limited government, and Wilson's 1913 book of the same name.
Battle of Little Bighorn: an armed engagement between combined forces of the Native American tribes and the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. The battle, which resulted in the defeat of US forces, was the most significant action of the Great Sioux. If you want to learn more check out What is the formula for calculating half life?
Lucy Burns: an American suffragist and women's rights advocate. She was a passionate activist. Burns was a close friend of Alice Paul, and together they ultimately formed the National Woman's Party. Burns protested in jail and one time did a hunger strike that made a lot of publicity.
John Peter Altgeld: an American politician. He was the first Democrat to govern that state since the 1850s. A leading figure of the Progressive movement, Altgeld signed workplace safety and child labor laws, pardoned three of the men convicted in the Haymarket Affair, and rejected calls in 1894 to break up the Pullman strike by force. We also discuss several other topics like Who is JeanJacque Rousseau?
19th Amendment: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Omaha Platform: was written by Ignatius L. Donnelly. The planks themselves represent the merger of the agrarian concerns of the Farmers' Alliance with the freecurrency monetarism of the Greenback Party while explicitly endorsing the goals of the largely urban Knights of Labor. The Omaha Platform was the party program adopted at the formative convention of the Populist (or People's) Party. The Omaha Platform called for a wide range of social reforms, including a reduction in the working day, a “safe, sound, and flexible” national currency, assistance to farmers with the financing of their labours, “fair and liberal pensions to exUnion soldiers and sailors,” the direct election of Senators, singleterms for Presidents and Vice Presidents, “the legislative system known as the initiative and referendum,” “the unperverted Australian of secret ballot system,” the nationalization of the railroads, the telegraph, and the telephone systems, a postal savings, “a graduated income tax,” and “the free and unlimited coinage of silver.” We also discuss several other topics like What is the function of rRNA?
Chinese Exclusion Act: It was the first significant law restricting immigration into the United States. In the spring of 1882 it was passed by Congress. This act provided an absolute 10year moratorium on Chinese labor immigration.
William Jennings Bryan: an American politician. He emerged as a dominant force in the Democratic Party, standing three times as the party's nominee for President. Election of 1912: The election was a rare fourway contest. President William Howard Taft was renominated by the Republican Party with the support of its conservative wing. After former President Theodore Roosevelt failed to receive the Republican nomination, he called his own convention and created the Progressive Party (nicknamed the “Bull Moose Party”. Democrat Woodrow Wilson was finally nominated on the 46th ballot of a contentious convention, thanks to the support of William Jennings Bryan, the threetime Democratic presidential candidate who still had a large and loyal following in 1912. The Socialist Party of America renominated Eugene V. Debs. It is the last election in which a former, or incumbent, President (Roosevelt) ran for the office without being nominated as either a Democrat or Republican. It is also the last election in which an incumbent president running for reelection (Taft) failed to finish either first or second in the popular vote count. Wilson won the election. We also discuss several other topics like What viscosity means?
Plessy v. Ferguson: was a landmark constitutional law case of the US Supreme Court decided in 1896. It upheld state racial segregation laws for public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
Farmers’ Alliance: an organized agrarian economic movement among American farmers that developed and flourished in 1875.
Ida B. Wells: Ida Bell WellsBarnett, more commonly known as Ida B. Wells, was an African American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist, feminist, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement.
Minor v. Happersett: is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that the Constitution did not grant anyone, and in this case specifically a female citizen of the state of Missouri, a right to vote even when a state law granted rights to vote to a certain class of citizens. Haymarket Affair: was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago.
Dawes Act: authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.
Progressivism: term applied to a variety of responses to the economic and social problems rapid industrialization introduced to America. Progressivism began as a social movement and grew into a political movement. The early progressives rejected Social Darwinism. Emilio Aguinaldo: was a Filipino revolutionary, politician, and a military leader who is officially recognized as the first and the youngest President of the Philippines and first president of a constitutional republic in Asia.
Booker T. Washington: an American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African American community.
Quanah Parker: a Comanche war leader of the Quahadi band of the Comanche people. He was born into the Nokoni band, the son of Comanche chief Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann Parker, an AngloAmerican. He assimilated into American culture after he was forced to leave his land and go to a reservation.
SpanishAmerican War: was fought between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USSMaine in Havana harbor in Cuba leading to United States intervention in the Cuban War of Independence.
Monroe Doctrine: a United States policy of opposing European colonialism in The Americas beginning in 1823. ... President James Monroe first stated the doctrine during his seventh annual State of the Union Address to Congress.
Fourteen Points: a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. Said by Woodrow Wilson.
Open Door Policy: Open Door policy, statement of principles for the protection of equal privileges among countries trading with China and in support of Chinese territorial and administrative integrity. The Open Door policy was received with almost universal approval in the United States, and for more than 40 years it was a cornerstone of American foreign policy in East Asia. The principle that all countries should have equal access to any of the ports open to trade in China had been stipulated in the AngloChinese.
U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark : is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that "a child born in the United States, of parents of Chinese descent, who, at the time of his birth, are
subjects of the Emperor of China, but have a permanent residence in the United States, and are there carrying on business, and are not employed in any diplomatic or official capacity under the Emperor of China", automatically became a U.S. citizen at birth. This decision established an important precedent in its interpretation of the Citizenship Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
Knights of Labor: officially Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor, was the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s. Its most important leader was Terence V. Powderly.
Appomattox Courthouse: The Battle of Appomattox Court House was one of the last battles of the American Civil War.
WCTU: is an active temperance organization that was among the first organizations of women devoted to social reform with a program that "linked the religious and the secular through concerted and farreaching reform strategies based on applied Christianity." It was influential in the temperance movement, and supported the 18th Amendment.
election of 1896: The 1896 campaign is often considered by political scientists to be a realigning election that ended the old Third Party System and began the Fourth Party System. McKinley forged a coalition in which businessmen, professionals, skilled factory workers and prosperous farmers were heavily represented. Bryan was the nominee of the Democrats, the Populist Party, and the Silver Republicans.
Know the rise and fall of the Populist movement: origins in the Farmers’ Alliance Why did the farmers of the South and Midwest organize?
Did Bryan’s candidacy help achieve the populist movements goals?
Know about the federal government’s experiments during Reconstruction. Know the business innovations of the Gilded Age
Know about the farmers’ revolt in Populism
What’s the Progressive vision of governmental role as a bridge between capital and labor. What solutions did reformers suggest to address the changes of industrialization and urbanization?
What ways did the Progressive Presidents alter the conception of federal government and anticipate the new role of the executive branch in modern politics?