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UCCS / Engineering / ANTH 1040 / What are the 4 major fields of anthropology?

What are the 4 major fields of anthropology?

What are the 4 major fields of anthropology?

Description

School: University of Colorado Colorado Springs
Department: Engineering
Course: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Professor: Lindsey
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Introd to Cul Anthro
Cost: 50
Name: study guide for oct. 4
Description: all the notes from chapter 1-6 are condensed into this study guide
Uploaded: 10/02/2017
9 Pages 97 Views 3 Unlocks
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Study GuideDon't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between elastic and inelastic collision?

Chapter 1 Anthropology and the study of Culture

Anthropology - the holistic study of humanity including the prehistoric origins and contemporary human diversity

  • Characteristics - holistic (study to total context concerned with all aspects of the human from non - human primates, attempts to understand human beings by comparative study) Evolutionary (interested in nature and the pattern of human change) integrated(complies theory or methods from various fields)

4 Fields of Anthropology

  • Biological and Physical - study of humans as biological organisms including evolution and contemporary variation. Eg. forensic anthropology
  • Archeology - study of past human cultures through their material remains
  • Linguistic - study of language
  • Cultural anthropology - study of lifeway of worlds living people eg. making a living

Distinctive features of Cultural Anthropology - devoted to study human culture worldwide both similarities and differences, teaches to look without judgement, to decenter our views and to make the strange familiar strange

  • Culture - The socially transmitted knowledge and behavior shared by some  group of people
  • Globalization - a phenomenon by which the experience of everyday life as influenced by the division of commodities and ideas reflect standardization of cultural expressions around the world
  • Holism - an analysis of a society as a whole which refuses to break society into component parts
  • Body ritual among the Nacirema - different way of viewing American body culture

Don't forget about the age old question of What is substance’s philosophy of shadow?
We also discuss several other topics like What do you call the isomers with the same formula but different connectivity of atoms?
We also discuss several other topics like What direction does the inter tropical convergence zone moves towards during northern summer?
We also discuss several other topics like What is important about the 1876 presidential election?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is squeeze theorem?

Chapter 3 - Researching Culture

  • Participant observation - learning about culture by living in a culture for an extended period (elements: living with people participating in their everyday life and learning their language)
  • Ethnographic fieldwork - descriptive writing about a culture, main way anthropologist represent their work, changing throughout the decades
  • Restudy example: Trobriand Islanders
  • Rapport - a trusting relationship between to researcher and study population, it is important to establish a rapport with the gates keeper because anthropologists are often seen as spies
  • Culture shock - is the feeling of uneasiness and anxiety that occurs when a person shifts from one person to another (eg. problems with food, language barriers and loneliness) and reverse culture shock may occurs
  • Nawthorne effect - are informants telling the truth or what they think i want to hear?

  • Horticulture - relying on small gradients and foraging, hand tools, allow permanent settlements requires following and economic surplus = beginnings of inequality
  • 5 stages - clearing, planting, weeding, harvesting and following
  • Labor division - farming forms care work group children work more in this group and gender roles are clearly defined
  • Eg. Iroquois and Yanomami
  • Pastoralism - reliance on products of domesticated animal herds, animals and their products provides the groups diet. They trade with other groups and it requires movement of animals
  • Characteristics - spatial mobility, group anatomy, animals as private property, migratory routes and use rights regulate pastureland and levels of wealth vary from group to group
  • Division of labors - men do most of the herding, women process herd products and children help in herding
  • Their is a risk of encroachment environmental change of country boundaries
  • Agriculture - intensive strategy of production permanent settlements, an higher population density
  • Division of labour is that family is the basic unit of agricultural production, womens tasks varies by culture and so do children roles
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