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ASU / OTHER / PSY 101 / What are the three stages of sleep?

What are the three stages of sleep?

What are the three stages of sleep?

Description

School: Arizona State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Mae
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: sleep and Stages of sleep REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep (paradoxical sleep) Sleep Disorders Dreams Freud’s Dreaming Protection Theory Common Dream Themes Reoccurring dreams Near death experience
Cost: 50
Name: Study guide Exam 2
Description: Exam 2
Uploaded: 10/02/2017
5 Pages 8 Views 6 Unlocks
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Exam # 2 Study Guide


What are the three stages of sleep?



Sleep

There are 3 stages to sleep - REM, Non REM, Delta Sleep What is Sleep?

A Stages

Stages 1-4 are Non REM stages:

Slower brain waves, deep breathing, calm heartbeat, and low blood pressure 1 Stage 1  

1 Stage 2

o 20 mins

o Sleep spindles-bursts of rapid, brain wave activity

o Sleep talking

o 1/2 of all night is spent in this stage

1 Stage 3

o Transition between 3&4  

o Large, slow delta waves----Delta waves

1 Stage 4

1 Stage 5  

REM sleep-- Rapid Eye movement


What is rem sleep?



o 1-hour after falling asleep

o Return to stage 3, then 2

o Heart rate rises

o Eyes dart around

o Genitals become aroused

o Brain stem blocks the motor cortex

Reinforcement Schedule  

Variable interval- take longer to get response, environment drives the show Freedom & Dignity (Skinner’s ideas)Don't forget about the age old question of human physiology uf

o Denial of environment -vulnerable to control by governments and  malicious people.

o "Recognizing behavior is shaped by environment -control of  environment that may then be used for promoting desirable behavior" o So what is "Freedom " according to Operant Conditioning principles? o Freedom= freedom from aversive consequences and not freedom to  make choices


What is bandura experiment?



o Freedom comes by arranging our own environment

o "Dignity is an illusion"

o We recognize dignity when we give him(her) credit for what s/he has  done

o "Tend to do this when we can't readily recognize the environment .  Factors that control another's behavior

o E.g. anonymous charitable donations: " How as so and so shaped by  his/her environment that allows him/her to be in a position of charity

Observational learning  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the forms of classical conditioning?

Learning by observing others

Learning need not occur via direct experience ( an assumption of OC and CC) Modeling= the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior

Animal examples: English Finch Bird and Milk bottles

Stumptail vs. Rhesus macaque monkeys

Human examples:

Ideas, fashion, habits, slang, hem length, ceremonies, foods, etc.

Video Notes- 09/25 

The brain, A secret history - emotions, Bandura doll experiment (YouTube)

o Bandura experimented on small children age 2-5

o Bandura used a Giant inflatable doll, he beat up the doll, exerted  violence in front of the children

o Children were left in the room alone with the same doll  o Children also beat up the doll, every child that watched bandura copied exactly what he did

o Children got much more creative in their embellishing violence towards the doll, one child used a toy gun

This correlates to the idea of Observation learning

Learning by observing and imitating

 * Children observed violence and imitated it making it clear that we learn  through observationIf you want to learn more check out What is the anatomy of the spinal cord?

Behavior Modification

o New Year’s resolutions

o Wish to change the behaviors of those with whom they are interacting o Change on a larger scale

What is behavior modification?

-A scientific approach to understanding and changing behavior The assessment, evaluation, and alteration of behavior

When is it used?

*Ex. Anxiety, clinical problems, education, child rearing, sports Classical Conditioning

Operant conditioning

o Behaviors are controlled primarily by the consequences Don't forget about the age old question of What are the components of the cellular extract of transforming principle?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is seated scribe?
Don't forget about the age old question of hum2020 fsu

Consequences that control behavior

o Positive reinforcement

o Negative reinforcement

 -Stimuli removed after a behavior

*Not necessarily punishment

ABC's of Behavior 

Contingencies of reinforcement the ABC's

Relationships between behaviors and the environmental events that  influence behavior

A- Antecedents

Stimuli, settings, and contexts that occur and influence behavior Telephone rings

B - Behavior  

The acts themselves

You answer the phone

C- Consequence  

You have a conversation

Functional analysis  

 A way to identify effective interventions

Identify the ante. And cons. That maintain behavior

What factors are contribution. To or resp. for the target behavior?

Hypothetical Examples. Of the Functions. Of Behavior

Behavior-Tantrum before going to bed

Consequence- Attention from a parent, extra time w/ parents, reduction of a  parents arguing with each other

Behavior - Arguing or fighting with a spouse -  

Consequence - affection and promises of life-long commitment, make up sex, time away from the spouse, making up after the night  

Antecedents (A)

Setting events- an event or factor " sets the stage " and influences behavior

*Ex. Experience of success or failure, being deprived of food or water,  attention, exposure to an unpleasant interaction

Behavior (B)

What makes a behavior worthy or in need of intervention? Impairment

Illegal or rule breaking

Concern to individuals themselves or others

Behavior that may prevent problems from developing  

Target behaviors- behaviors that one wishes to develop

Ex. exercise

Consequences ( C )

Reinforcement

Food

Social Rein.

Feedback - providing info about how a person has performed Tokens

Reinforcement effectiveness

Must be contingent on behavior (dependent

Must be desirable  

Types of Reinforces

High Probability Behaviors

The Premack principle

Behavior that occurs more frequently

Can be used to follow and reinforce a lower frequency behavior *Ex. Eating salad- eating desert

Studying- watching TV

Cleaning the bathroom- going out  

Punishment

Reprimands, disapproval

Response cost- a loss of a positive reinforce Overcorrection- correct the effects of the behavior

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