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UNT / Political Science / PSCI 2305 / What is a direct group involvement in the electoral process?

What is a direct group involvement in the electoral process?

What is a direct group involvement in the electoral process?

Description

School: University of North Texas
Department: Political Science
Course: US Political Behavior
Professor: Glen biglaiser
Term: Fall 2017
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: PSCI
Description: Exam 2 Study guide, Part 1
Uploaded: 10/07/2017
2 Pages 6 Views 9 Unlocks
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Political Science Study guide: Test 2


What is a direct group involvement in the electoral process?



Interest groups: definition

- A group of people that seek to influence public policy based  on a common interest or concern.

How do interest groups influence public policy?

- Lobbying, representatives that advocate on behalf of the  group’s interests.

What are selective benefits?

- Goods that a group can restrict to those who pay their  annual dues (ex: publications, travel discounts)

Interest groups and their representation/mediation roles What are the different types of interest groups and what are  examples of each: Public interest groups; economic interest  groups, ideological groups, issue interest groups

- Public: organizations who exist to provide services to the  needy (League of Women Voters)

- Economic: organizations that represent big businesses (U.S.  Chamber of Commerce)


Government support or subsidy of private business, such as by tax incentives, is what?



- Ideological: political organizations that attract members by  appealing to their political convictions or principles (NAM) - Issue: groups who come together to form solutions when a  specific political issue is a large-scale issue (Wildlife Fund)

Main strategies used by interest groups: lobbying, electioneering,  appealing to the public

- Electioneering: direct group involvement in the electoral  process. Groups can help fund campaigns, provide  testimony, and some form of Political Action Committee.  

- Lobbying: organization or individual who attempts to  influence government decisions

What is Grassroots lobbying? Astroturf lobbying? Indirect  lobbying?

- Grassroots lobbying: the act of asking the public to contact  legislators and government officials, bringing voters to  government


Goods that a group can restrict to those who pay their annual dues, is what?



- Astroturf lobbying: Groups that create front organizations  designed to give the appearance of a greater level of public  concern than really exists

- Indirect lobbying: getting the public to do the lobbying Iron triangles

- Tight mutually beneficial connections between congressional committees, executive agencies, and interest groups How lobbying congress differs from lobbying executive branch - One involves providing technical expertise on policy issues  and when lobbying the executive branch people must appear at administrative hearings to offer information Don't forget about the age old question of Placebo Effect refers to what?
If you want to learn more check out What are the 4 possible Hierarchies of Effects?
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Corporate welfare including corporate tax breaks, tariffs and trade barriers, subsidies

- Corporate Welfare: government support or subsidy of private business, such as by tax incentives Don't forget about the age old question of A system where powers are shared by the state and the national government.

- Tax Breaks: a tax concession or advantage allowed by the  government  

- Trade Barriers: taxes on foreign imports and subsidies to  domestic producers to make them competitive with foreign  products

What are professional associations? What do they do? - A nonprofit organization seeking to further profession, the  interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the  public interest. Involves research, industry knowledge, and  networking.

Federalist Paper #10 and factions

-essay written by James Madison, argues for the adoption of the  constitution, factionalism, issues with the strong central  government

The Wright amendment

- A law that governed at traffic at Dallas Love Field airport,  more nonstop flights from Dallas

Likelihood of American citizens to participate in a civic association or community-service group as compared to other countries The right to organize groups

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