Music Appreciation study guide # 2
Test Date: October 11th Chapters 20-27 and 28-35
Key: Terms, Practice Questions, Listening Example, People Additional Notes Study Tips:
1) Read the book chapters. This is crucial to success on these test (I have received a 100 on both the quiz and first test and all of the questions are from the book).
2) Review my class notes. This professor is excellent at highlighting what she deems important so I prune most of the superfluous information in the book and get straight to the important information.
3) Listen to each listening example multiple times. Make a playlist and listen to them on loop till you can easily identify them. The last test had a ton of listening questions and it’s easy to lose points here.
4) Know all terms: terms are easy multiple-choice questions and memorizing them is an easy way to increase your points on the exam Chapter 20
Dates: Baroque Period (1600-1750) Classical Period (1750- 1825) ALWAYS KNOW DATES Don't forget about the age old question of What are the different types of traumatic brain injury?
Chiara Margatirta Cozzolani- she was a Benedictine nun, composed Magnificant which was written in admiration of the Virgin Mary Florentine Camerata- a creative group composed of philosopher and musicians who composed operas
Figured Base- This is the line of music played by the Basso Continuo Basso Continuo- a bass line played by a melody instrument and a chordal instrument
Equal Temperament- this is a tuning mechanism,
Casarti- a castrated individual whose castration created incredible sing abilities
Practice Questions: What are the years for the Baroque period? Chapter 21 Don't forget about the age old question of What is the standard of goodness?
Recitative- large speech like blocks of texts.
Aria-solo, lyrical pieces
Overture- the section at the beginning of an opera that establishes the main idea
Listening example: Dido and Aeneas written by Henry Purcell (in English)
Practice Questions: Who wrote Dido Aeneas? What is the name of a medically induced soprano singer during the Baroque period?
Sinfonias – a brief pause/segment between scenes Don't forget about the age old question of What does the lack of craters on io tell us?
Libretto- the text of an opera
Masque- a popular form of aristocratic performance during the baroque period. This contained both vocal and poetic information.
Bach- composed the Lutheran Cantata (1685-1750) he composed both sacred and secular.
Oratorio-tells a story minus costumes sets etc. not staged this is a sacred story. Handel is the oratorio composer
Handel- moved from opera to oratorio styles wrote Messiah Ritornellos- an instrumental refrain
Listening example: Handel’s Messiah (remember this is often played at Christmas)
Practice problem: What is ritornello form and what characterizes it? What piece us Handel most famous for and what period was it published in?
Lining out- a popular call and response form popularized in New England
David’s Lamentation- a-b-b, WRITTEN BY William Billing Practice question: What is Solfiege? What music have we studied that includes heterophony? Name these listening examples. Chapter 25
Suite- a collection of dances
Remember that baroque suites either followed binary or ternary patterns. Instruments were also increasing in complexity especially string instruments
A popular suite was Handel’s Waster music, the most famous section being the hornpipe
Practice questions: What are Handel’s two most famous orchestral suites? Don't forget about the age old question of What is the average violent age in winsconsin?
The two primary keyboard instruments of this period are the organ and harpsichord.
Concerto- A solo+ accompaniment (by ensemble) genre) Ritornello form- Special to concertos: first and last movement use refrain based form
Listening example: Vivaldi’s Four seasons (Background: Vivaldi was a violinist and known for Gloria and the four seasons)
Practice questions: What is specially about concertos? How many people play during these musical pieces?
Practice questions: What are Fugues and what makes them unique? What is an inversion? We also discuss several other topics like What is the best definition of management?
If you want to learn more check out How do you identify oxoanions?
Note: Study the chart at the end of this chapter it will help you a lot! Retrograde-mirrored
Stretto- a crossover stamen in a fugue
The Art of Fugue- Bach’s famous work of contrapuntal writing Chapter 28
Absolute music- this depends on form and has no literary program
Remember the importance of the multi-movement cycle to both the classical and romantic period the second movement normally contained some variation of the initial theme
Listening example: Haydn’s Emperor Quartet
Practice question: What genre of music is experiencing a golden age during the classical period?
Symphony- this musical genre showed the expressive nature of the entirety of the orchestra and was crucial to the Classical era Overture- a musical piece with a fast- slow-fast pattern Practice questions: Who wrote multiple symphonies during the Classical era?
The multi-movement cycle starts with the exposition, development and recapitulation (sonata allegro form) The third movement is the minuet and trio.
Mozart began to break away from the patron system. He was an excellent writer but never made it as a freelancer and as a result died broke.
Listening example: A little light music by Mozart.
Practice question: what is the structure of a concerto? Give an example of a concerto.
A cadenza is an improvised solo.
How many instruments are use in a Sonata? What setting were these pieces performed in?
Scherzo- a spritely dance/ minuet
Beethoven- writes his 5th symphony and this is especially important to emerging romantic styles. Beethoven is the only composer we have studied so far that is able to be completely independent Chapter 34
What are the 2 popular types of Italian opera at this time? Listening example: Don Giovanni by Mozart
Mozart wrote one example of sacred music during the classical period Called Requiem and he never finished it.
Listening example; Requiem
Review the chart at the end of this chapter for review and comparison of musical time periods.
Make sure you know sufficient in formation about Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. All three will most likely feature prominently on the test. 2 potential test questions: the Bach’s organ fugue in the book and Vivaldi’s violin concerto spring (these will most likely be on the exam so know these two listening examples very well.