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FAU / Political Science / POS 2041 / What is the french and indian war (seven years’ war)?

What is the french and indian war (seven years’ war)?

What is the french and indian war (seven years’ war)?


School: Florida Atlantic University
Department: Political Science
Course: The Government of the U.S.
Professor: Orin kirshner
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Government, American Government, government notes, and Study Guide
Cost: 50
Name: POS 2041 Exam 1 Textbook-Based Study Guide
Description: Exam 1 study guide for POS 2041, based on the Smartbook version of "We the People."
Uploaded: 10/10/2017
5 Pages 129 Views 6 Unlocks

POS 2041 Exam 1 Textbook-Based Study Guide

What is the french and indian war (seven years’ war)?

Important Concept Key Term 

Chapter 2: Constitutional Democracy: Promoting Liberty and Self-Government  

Before the American Revolution (what led up to it)

• French and Indian War (Seven Years’ War)

1. British came out of this war with high debts

2. Parliament decided to impose taxes on the colonists

3. passed the stamp tax ???? “no taxation without representation”

4. repeal of stamp tax, passed the Townshend Acts ???? “no taxation without representation” 5. repeal of Townshend Acts except for tea tax ???? Boston Tea Party

6. colonists refused to pay for the loss of tea ???? British navy blocked colonial ports

Declaration of independence refers to what?

7. 1st Continental Congress ???? colonial requests rejected by King George III

8. battle at Lexington and Concord ???? American Revolution begins

Nation’s Documents

• Declaration of Independence

o based on John Locke (Lockean ideas) If you want to learn more check out What are the conformations of cyclohexane?

o government is based on a social contract 

o people have natural (inalienable) rights to life, liberty, and property

• Articles of Confederation

o 13 votes from 13 states needed to amend the Articles

o weak national government 

▪ no judiciary or executive branches

Articles of confederation means what?

o strong independent states 

▪ independently governed from one another

▪ had their own troops, dealt with taxes

• Constitution of the United States

o Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia

▪ initially was for revision of the Articles of Confederation If you want to learn more check out What is the sequence of prenatal development?

▪ 9 votes from 13 stated needed to ratify the Constitution  

o The Great Compromise 

▪ New Jersey Plan ???? small state plan, single chamber Congress (so a Senate instead of  both a House and Senate), one vote per state—same number of representative no matter  the state

▪ Virginia Plan ???? large state plan, executive and judicial branches, two-chamber  Congress, more representatives for larger states

▪ Compromise ???? two-chamber Congress, House based on population, Senate has two  representatives per state, executive and judicial branches If you want to learn more check out What holds molecules together in a condensed phase?

o Three-Fifths Compromise 

▪ the South ???? wanted slaves to count as full persons—more members in House

▪ the North ???? slaves didn’t have legal rights—they were human beings but not people ▪ Compromise ???? each slave would count as 3/5 of a person

o Bill of Rights

▪ was included since Anti-Federalists believed the national government would be too  powerful and threaten self-government

▪ guarantees the people have rights that the government cannot take away

Republic VS Democracy 

• Republic (what the U.S. is)

o limited government

o the majority is prevented from depriving the minority of its rights

• Democracy If you want to learn more check out What is the screw dislocation?

o the majority has absolute power

▪ can rule in the interest of all or ignore the minority

Chapter 3: Federalism: Forging a Nation

Under the Constitution

• Federalism 

o sovereignty is divided between the federal government and the states but the federal government  has supreme authority (supremacy clause, Article 6)

o National Powers

▪ create money

▪ national defense

▪ interstate commerce

▪ foreign affairs

o Shared Powers

▪ taxation

▪ lend and borrow money

▪ transportation

▪ banks

o State Powers

▪ local governments

▪ education

▪ public safety

▪ intrastate commerce

o the powers that aren’t given to the national government are for the states—reserved powers • Article 1 = Congress If you want to learn more check out What is the intramuscular?

o Congress is granted expressed or explicit powers 

o can make laws that are necessary and proper under the Constitution— “necessary and proper”  clause 

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Political Socialization: Shaping the People’s Voice

Public Opinion

• Measurement Methods

o elections—shows which political party citizens agree more with but not why

o opinion polls/surveys—public opinion is approximated with a sample population but isn’t always  accurate

• Three Influential Factors

o direction—shows if people are for or against something

o intensity—how strongly people feel about their position on an issue

o salience—how important an issue is when compared to others

Political Socialization (the process by which people form their political opinions)

• Primary Agents

o family

o school If you want to learn more check out What are the main geographical features of greece?

o religion

• Secondary Agents

o peers

o media

o leaders

Chapter 8: Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voter’s Choice America’s First Parties

• the Federalist Party

o wanted to strengthen the federal government through federal commerce

• the Democratic-Republican Party

o strengthened by small farmers and states’ rights advocates

• the Democratic-Republican Party split

o the Democratic Party emerged on its own

o the Whig Party formed in opposition to the Democrats

▪ it was replaced by the Republican Party in the 1850s

Political Systems

• the U.S. operates on two-party system 

• the U.S. uses a plurality system that overshadows minor parties—no representation in legislatures

Chapter 9: Interest Groups: Organizing for Influence

Interest Groups

• most are economic groups

o most are business groups: strive to expand business ventures and interests

o labor groups: support policies that aid workers but specifically, union members o farm groups

o professional groups include physicians, doctors, and professors

o material incentives—goals that have monetary-related results (jobs, higher wages, less tax) • citizens’ groups

o gather around purposive incentives—goals they see as valuable

o includes more of the public


• inside lobbying

o target officials who seem to be supportive of the group (union lobbyists with pro-labor officials,  corporate lobbyists with pro-business officeholders, i.e.)

• outside lobbying

o grassroots lobbying—writing letters to lawmakers or holding public demonstrations

Chapter 11: Congress: Balancing National Goals and Local Interests


• House of Representatives

o Structure

▪ the Speaker of the House is the leader and is the 2nd most powerful after the President • assisted by a majority whip

• often addresses the majority party’s issues

▪ has a minority leader and a minority whip  

• Senate

o Structure

▪ the ‘person in charge’ is the Vice President but he/she only has to be present to break a tie  in votes 

▪ majority leader and majority whip

▪ minority leader and minority whip

• Standing Committees 

o each chamber has its own committees

o drafts, revises, and recommend proposals and denials of bills

o each committee takes on a specific area (Education, Finance, i.e.)

o divided into subcommittees—more specific (Higher Education, Housing and Insurance, i.e.) • Main Powers 

o lawmaking—create laws

o representation—represent the people’s interests

o oversight—check the executive branch and its actions

Process of a Bill 

1. bill is proposed to the House or Senate

2. subcommittee hearings are held

3. the bill goes to the House or Senate floor

4. either a conference committee is held (a meeting between both houses to discuss a bill) or it goes to the  President for approval

o if a conference committee is held, they can send it back to the floor for revision

5. the President can sign the bill to make it a law or veto it

o Congress can override his or her veto with 2/3 vote from each chamber

Chapter 12: The Presidency: Leading the Nation

President’s Duties 

• created treaties

• chooses ambassadors

• selects federal judges

• commands troops

• inform Congress on the nation

• can propose and veto bills


• Executive Office of the President (EOP)

o core of the executive branch

o White House Office, National Security Council, Office of Management and Budget, National  Economic Council

• 15 executive departments  

o the President’s cabinet is each of these departments’ heads

Chapter 14: The Federal Judicial System: Applying the Law

Supreme Court

• Structure

o nine justices—one chief, eight associates

o no requirements

• Jurisdiction 

o original jurisdiction—in foreign diplomat cases and state government cases

o appellate jurisdiction—in Constitutional, federal law and regulations, and treaty cases (most  cases here)

Supreme Court 

State Supreme Courts 

U.S. Courts of Appeals (13) 

Special Federal Courts 

~they are separate from federal  

~corrects lower courts 


~no juries 

~legal or civil law cases 

~11 circuits 

Lower State Courts 

U.S. District Courts (94) 

~almost all cases are criminal and  

~legal or civil law cases 

civil that regard federal law 

~has a jury

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