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Toledo - Hist- 2010 40326 - study guide - Study Guide

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Schools > University of Toledo > OTHER > Hist- 2010 119 > Toledo - Hist- 2010 40326 - study guide - Study Guide

Toledo - Hist- 2010 40326 - study guide - Study Guide

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background image America to 1865   Motivation for colonization three G’s: Gold, Glory, God -freedom to get and money they can find -Being one of the first people in anew land= new glory - free to worship as you choose, at least until any form of government Colonization efforts: ·      Spain/Portugal- launched the “ Age of Exploration” by the beginning of 16 th   century Christopher Columbus travels west, so called “New World” discovery 1494- Treaty of Tordesillas, split the new world in half ·      England landed in Plymouth in 1620 ·      France- colonized most of N. America (Canada, Midwest U.S., and Caribbean), 
Jesuit missionaries
-port royal ·      Netherlands/Dutch Republic- settled present day New York, had religious 
diversity, religiously and socially tolerant
Roanoke ‘the lost colony’- established by Sir Walter Raleigh Jamestown- 1 st  permanent English settlement, capital of Virginia, had the Starving  time which John Rolfe solved with tobacco, 1699 colony moved to Williamsburg John Smith -Lead the virgina colony 1608-09 -explored and mapped most of the New England and Chesapeake region -wrote extensively to promote “New World” (exaggerated)   John Rolfe- married Pocahontas, who when moved to England took the name 
Rebecca
The Powhatan Confederacy- 16 th  and 17 th  century, group of powerful native  American tribes in Virginia, led by Wahunsenacawh, followed leader his brother 
Openchancanough 
Williamsburg (originally Middle Plantation), home of Bacon’s rebellion, college
of William and Mary, city of firsts; first canal and 1
st  psychiatric hospital
background image Preservation efforts and historical memory- towns and sites revised for 
modern day viewing, movies that are made to represent these actions -- tourist 
traps!
Salem Witch Trials No witch in America was burned 19 were killed, one pressed to death rest hung Witchcraft in Europe- tens of thousands of witches killed, made felony to be a 
witch
Role of the Inquisition/Catholic church- huge supporter against 
witchcraft
- Women were supposedly more easily susceptible to demonic  possession Characteristics of witches (there’s 8) - rode by night - had pact with the devil - anti- Christian - met at night - killed babies ritualistically - desecration of crosses and other holy objects - had mass orgies - cannibalism The Glorious Revolution 1688- 1689 -revolution completed its major goals without bloodshed -somewhat peaceful transfer of power led to the reign of William and Mary of  Orange Metacom- king Philips father massacred native chief = anxieties and 
king Philips war
King Phillip/William’s Wars 1675-1678- 3,000 colonists died, Philip shot in back 
and head displayed on pike
Salem, MA- founded by Roger Conant settled in 1626 (today Denver 
Massachusetts) 
background image Meaning (etymology)- Hebrew ‘Sahlom’ mean peace and links to 
jerusalum
Samuel Parris- 1653-1720 -family held sugar plantation in Barbados -accusations of Salem witch trials centered around his family Tituba- servant of Samuel Parris -Indian woman, not African slave -1 st  accused of being witch, however did claim to know occult (floated egg in  water) Accused and accusers: Betty Parris and Abigail Williams main accusers Accused included; Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, Tituba Witchcraft and evidence -spectral evidence: people would see a ghostly vision of accused  -Witch cake: rye meal and witches urine- dog would eat and reaction would  determine if accused was a witch  - the “touch” test: a witch could cure afflicted by touching them Cotton Mather 1663-1728 Puritan minister - Held academic career
- Salem witch trials: supported spectral evidence but said not to
rely on fully for proof (people can lie?) - Showed grief for his support and role in witch trials Oyer and Terminer – in charge of a court convened to hear witch trials, disbanded 
when witch trial became unpopular
Samuel Sewall and “The Selling of Joseph” -1652-1730 - Families of executed eventually compensated under him
- Trial went too far?
Memory and popular culture- in many movie and books Governor of Massachusetts exonerated the accused 300 yrs. later Great Awakening and Global War Great Awakening- began in New England, spearheaded by Johnathan Edwards and
George Whitefiel
background image Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghysen- pastor of a major Dutch reformed church William and Gilbert Tennent- new jersey influence Samuel Davies- advocate for Southern colonies George Whitefield 1714-1770, English preacher considered respected for 
spreading great awakening to England
Meeting with Ben Franklin in Philadelphia Jonathan Edwards- Yale at age 17, full religious conversion, part of eugenics and 
progressive era with prominent ties to Edwards clan
“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” The Seven Years’ War/French and Indian War 1754-1763 -first global war? Leadership- British/ North America- Jeffery Amherst, Edward 
Braddock, James Wolfe, George Washington
o France: Louis Joseph de Montcalm Albany Congress 1754- laid groundwork for future Continental 
Congress
Battle of the Plains of Abraham- major British/North America 
victory
Quebec Act of 1774- part of ‘intolerable acts’ welcomed Catholic , 
Francophone Canadians to America
Proclamation of 1763-prohibitted English settlers from moving past the Alps British Reforms, Colonial Resistance  British debt- cost of defending British colonies was taxing, Amsterdam debt went 
from 75-133 million pounds
Early colonial resistance to taxation- excise taxes ‘sin tax’  Pontiac’s Rebellion 1763- pontiac’s treaty gave land from the Seneca Indians to 
the British colonists
Siege of Ft. Detroit Siege of Ft. Pitt- alleged use of small pox as biological weapon Revenue Act (1762) one of 1 st  British passed taxes to stop bypass of taxes ex:  smugglers, colonists, Bribery, and corruption

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School: University of Toledo
Department: OTHER
Course: America to 1865
Professor: Joshua Steedman
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: America and history
Name: study guide
Description: summary of notes to help study for midterm
Uploaded: 10/11/2017
14 Pages 92 Views 73 Unlocks
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