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Listening Quiz 2 Review1. Cantata No. 140, Wachet aufTranslation – “Sleepers, Awake”Composer – Johann Sebastian BachDate – 1731 (Late Baroque Period)Genre – chorale fantasiaMedium – 4part choir, strings, woodwinds (oboe, bassoon, piccolo), horn, organMelody – this melody was based off of an existing chorale by Philipp NicolaiMeter – triple meterMovement 1o Form – bar form (AAB) with instrumental ritornelloso Texture – imitative and nonimitative polyphony, sopranos have a much slower melodic lineo Text the lyrics come from the New Testament of the BibleMovement 4o Form – bar form (AAB) with instrumental ritornelloso Texture – polyphony in three partso Melody – a countermelody in the strings complements the main melody inthe tenor line2. Messiah (No. 18 only)Composer – George Frideric HandelDate – 1742 (Late Baroque Period)Genre – English oratorio in three partso Part 1 – Christ’s birtho Part 2 – Christ’s death and resurrectiono Part 3 – Promise of eternal lifeMeter – duple meterMedium – soprano solo with orchestral accompanimentForm – De capo aria (ABAI separated by instrumental ritornellos)Texture – homophonic (main melody with accompaniment)Text – the lyrics come from the Bible, the word “rejoice” is very melismatic to convey happinessMelody – imitation between the soprano soloist and the orchestra (movement created by passing off the melody to different parts)3. Water Music, Suite in D MajorComposer – HandelDate – it was first performed in 1717Genre – dance suiteMedium – orchestraForm – ternary form (ABA), A is major and B is minorTexture – homophony and polyphony
Meter – fast tempo, triple meter danceMelody – the melodic ideas pass between different instrumental parts, it is played in a major key4. Spring, from The Four SeasonsComposer – Antonio VivaldiDate – 1725 (late Baroque Period)Genre – Programmatic concerto for solo violin (programmatic means that there is a connection to literature – in this case, a poem)o The poem is from Italian sonnet about spring (possibly written by Vivaldi)Medium – solo violin with string orchestraForm – contrasting episodes separated by ritornello and a coda at the endTexture – homophonicWord painting – the melody played by the soloist and the orchestra reflect the lyrics of the poem that accompany the pieceo Twittering for birdso Wavelike melody for murmuring streamso Strong, loud notes for thunder and high pitched, fast, ascending melodies for lightening5. Contrapunctus 1, from The Art of FugueComposer – BachDate – 1740s (published posthumously 1751)Genre – Contrapuntal work developing a single themeMedium – this recording features an organ, but it was not written for any specific instrumentMeter – slow duple meterForm – fugue (for 4 voices)o Statements of the theme separated by contrasting “episodes”o The subject is the first time that the theme is played, and the answer is when the theme is played again in a different part in a different keyTexture – polyphonic with some imitation6. String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3, 2nd movement, EmperorComposer – HaydnDate – 1797 (Classical Period)Genre – String quartetMedium – two violins, viola, celloForm – AABCC (this form is present in the theme and in each of the four variations of the theme)Texture – homophonic, each variation becomes more polyphonicMeter – adagio (slow), duple meter7. Symphony No. 100 in G Major (Military)Composer – HaydnDate – 1794 (Classical Period)
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