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MSU / Criminal Justice / CJ 220 / Which criminologist believed that criminals could be identified by obs

Which criminologist believed that criminals could be identified by obs

Which criminologist believed that criminals could be identified by obs

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Exam Two Study Guide 


Which criminologist believed that criminals could be identified by observing the physical traits of offenders?



Which criminologist believed that criminals could be identified by observing the physical  traits of offenders?

Lombroso

Sociobiology differs from earlier theories of behavior in that it stresses that biological and  genetic conditions affect how social behaviors are learned and perceived.

True

There is significant evidence of a lead-aggression linkage: areas with the lowest  concentrations of lead also report the highest levels of homicide.

False

Positivism involves employing the scientific method to produce research findings that can  validate a theory.

True

According to Freud, the superego is the ________ aspect of one's personality. Moral  


How cognitive processes shape socialization and perception?



Sociobiology differs from earlier theories of behavior in that it stresses that genetic and  biological conditions affect: If you want to learn more check out Who holds power in house and senate?

how cognitive processes shape socialization and perception

The belief that no serious consideration should be given to biological factors when  attempting to understand human nature is known as:

biosphobia.

The view that criminality is a product of abnormal biological and/or psychological traits is  known as:

Trait theory  

Which statement pertaining to the link between lead and crime is inaccurate? The average blood lead level has increased over the past decade  

Neurological deficits may interact with another trait or social condition to produce antisocial  behaviors. Research conducted by Raine found that children who had experienced birth  complications and who then experienced ______ were more likely to engage in criminal  offending than children who did not experience these factors.


Which statement pertaining to the link between lead and crime is inaccurate?



Maternal rejection  

A disorder in which a child shows a developmentally inappropriate lack of attention and  excess impulsivity is known as:

attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

The notion that some individuals may engage in crime because of the attraction of “getting  away with it” is known as:

Arousal theory  

According to Sigmund Freud, which is the primitive part of an individual’s mental makeup,  present at birth.?

ID If you want to learn more check out Phylum cnidaria contains how many species?

The psychodynamic model of the criminal offender depicts an aggressive, frustrated person  dominated by events that occurred during:

Early childhood

Social learning theory holds that people learn to be aggressive through their life  experiences. Which of these is not a source of this behavior-modeling process?

Religious affiliation  

According to the moral and intellectual development branch of cognitive theory, what is  wrong with criminals?

They have low levels of moral reasoning development  

The work of Cesare Lombroso (the “born criminal”) and his contemporaries is regarded  today as a historical curiosity, not scientific fact.

True  

The work of Cesare Lombroso (the “born criminal”) and his contemporaries is regarded  today as a historical curiosity, not scientific fact.

True  

Trait theories can be divided into two major subdivisions: one that stresses psychological  functioning, and one that stresses biological make-up.

True  

Biosocial theory contends that all humans are born with equal potential to learn and achieve. False  

Maternal alcohol abuse and smoking during gestation have long been linked to prenatal  damage and subsequent antisocial behavior in adolescence.

True

Children suffering from measurable neurological deficits at birth are believed to also suffer  from antisocial traits throughout their life, from habitual lying to violence.

True  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the personality traits that increase with age?
Don't forget about the age old question of How many grams of water are produced from 25.8 g of hydrogen?

ADHD is often accompanied by which of the following?

Conduct disorder  

Some researches feel that what appears to be a genetic effect, evidenced in twin research,  is actually the effect of sibling influence on criminality. This is referred to as the _____ effect. Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of the battle of adwa 1896?
We also discuss several other topics like What is a type of realism that focuses on a security dilemma?

Contagion  

People at the highest stages of moral development refrain from crime because they: believe in duty to others and universal rights.

The antisocial personality concept seems to mesh with what is known about chronic offending,  which percent of offender exhibit psychopathic behavior ?

20 

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