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FIU - IR 2001 - Study Guide - Midterm

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FIU - IR 2001 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image   International relations  MIDTERM OCT. 18  Nicole M.   
background image PAGE 1  History:    −  The Peace of Westphalia: It ended the 30 years’ war for kingship by making it so 
that states had a principle of none interference. It also somewhat respecter 
religious pluralism 
➢  It promised that outside powers wouldn’t interfere with the ruler inside  of a recognized nation. But for there to be none intervention, there 
needs to be recognition from other countries to prove legitimacy. 
  −  Napoleonic Wars: He is very important because he fought to overthrow the 
Westphalia system, the systems of war controlled by nobles, and the 
authoritarianism of kings.  
➢  Nationalism: A system of nationalistic pride that people feel for the  place they were born. An affiliation to the land, not the king or a 
➢ National self-determination: the idea that nations have a right to lead 
themselves and not be ruled by an outside authority.  
➢ Democracy: closely linked to self-determination, democracy is a political 
system that sparked at this time based on the population determining their 
politicians and how the nation is run. 
➢  France overthrew the monarch by 1789 and tried to have democratically  elected leaders but that lead to the rise of Napoleon and his Empire. He 
used nationalism to build his army. 
  −  Concert of Europe: Formed in 1815, the concert of Vienna was formed by other 
nations trying to stop the influence of Napoleonic revolution through Europe. It’s 
the system that precedes league of nations. 
➢  The members ere: Great Brittan, Russia, Austria-Hungary, Prussia, and  later France. (They defused every revolution around Europe.)  ➢  First formation of international relations and deals at the time which  formed and reinforced checks and balances between nations and world 
background image PAGE 2  −  League of Nations: Predecessor of the UN but it was only formed by European 
nations. The United states wasn’t allowed in. It attempted to resolve world 
disputes. It happened after WW1 and helped form the first university of 
international relations.  
−  Cold War: What was it?:  This duo political system was the result of WWII 
weakening the rest of the European super powers to leave the US and the USSR as 
the only ones to be the global super powers. This, in turn, dominated world 
politics from 1945-1991. 
➢  After the weak policies caused WWII, both parties were clear that they’ll  counter each other’s aggression. (This aggression as backed up by the 
danger of nuclear weapons.) 
➢  Bipolarity: A moment in the cold war where the world powers were  divided into two polar powers of the USSR and US. Between capitalism 
and communism.  
−  Containment: (1946 by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan) The idea of combating the 
USSR through not confronting it but by keeping the communist ideology 
controlled and not allow it to spread.  
−  Role of nuclear weapons during the Cold War?: It scared both parties and made 
them more complacent at reducing crisis situations later.  
▪  Mutual assured destruction (MAD): Both Groups were too powerful with  their nukes and aircrafts. It was impossible to surprise attack one another, 
meaning an assured self-destruction on both parties. Ironically this meant 
more stability as both were careful in protecting their own safety. 
−  What is the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty?:  international deal and agreement 
to avoid the spread of nuclear weapons and to promote cooperation of nuclear 
energy.  Started in 1968. 
−  What was the Truman Doctrine? Announced by Harry S. Truman, it was the 
promise to contain the spread of communism. It became the fundamental line of 
US international policy in the cold war.   
−  Marshall Plan: European recovery program after WWII where the united states 
gave 13 billion for reconstruction efforts to avoid communism spreading in Europe 
or another war.  
−  NATO: (North Atlantic Treaty Organizatio) an organization formed in 1947 with 
north America and Europe. It’s meant as a form of collective defense where all 
participants agree to defend each other in case of emergency or attack.  

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School: Florida International University
Course: Introduction to International Relations
Professor: Naisy Sarduy
Term: Winter 2015
Tags: midterm and international relations
Name: midterm oct/18/2017
Description: Full study guide and summary of everything we've done in class since week one but the material for Monday which is feminism.
Uploaded: 10/15/2017
10 Pages 31 Views 24 Unlocks
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