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KSU / Engineering / PSY 11762 / What are 4 levels of consciousness?

What are 4 levels of consciousness?

What are 4 levels of consciousness?


School: Kent State University
Department: Engineering
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Robin joynes
Term: Summer 2015
Cost: 50
Name: Psychology, Exam 2 Studyguide
Description: This guide covers notes over chapters 6,8 and 9 which includes material we are being tested on.
Uploaded: 10/16/2017
4 Pages 6 Views 6 Unlocks


What are 4 levels of consciousness?

p conditioning Clearning associations

e classical conditioning → associate two stimuli, allows us to

anticipate crents. B operant conditioning → associates behavior with events, causes

us: _to use rewarding behaviors, note: Ivan Pavlov_ discovered classical cond) If you want to learn more check out frank foss uta

+> Classical

What are the stages of sleep?

* unconditioned stimulus → any stimulus that triggers response * unconditioned response + natural response Don't forget about the age old question of comp2710

* conditioned stimulus + stimulus that triggers a response 2 after an association * conditioned response + the learned response to the conden stimulus + extinction occurs whenthe unconditioned stimulus doesn't Hollow the conditioned stimulus.

What do your dreams actually mean?

Don't forget about the age old question of selenodont

+ Operant: Imore likely to repeat behaviors that are rewarded land is versa for punished behaviorse


B.F Skinner → psychologist that studied operant cond, using

pigeons & rcuts with food..

• fixed interval: given time period for reward is fixed. variable interval: given time period is unpredictable fixed ratio: reward comes after a fixed #of times i variable ratio: reward comes after an unpredictable # of times Don't forget about the age old question of as per your request

* Variable ratio & interals create better results.

ICHAPTER 9: MEMORY +3 parts to memory: encoding, storage & retrieval

+ 3 kinds of memory:

O Sensory -- iconic(visual) & echoic(auditoly) - few seconds


B short term a mental' scratch pad". 20-30 seconds e long-term → explicit (declaritive) { implicit (non-declaritive) Don't forget about the age old question of pol 1101

'Semantic memory ~ facts, figures, lyrics

• episodic memorya memories of expenences.

procedural memory-how to do things

• classicall operant.


serial position effect + firstlast_items of a list are easier

to remember E primary effect → first items are easier to remember

___ (items can be rehearsed more) trecency effect to lastitems easy to remember We also discuss several other topics like What is the first stage of development?

only true if test immediately follows list elast items to stay in short term.

+ Encoding:

• short term memony is limited encoding failure - amnesia

oretrograde amnesia - loss of past memones

• anterógrade amnesia - Often caused by damage to the

hippocampus, can4 make new mem.

Memory Storage: To memories are stored all over the brain

+ Memory Retrieval:

* recallys. recognition - Yetrieving information jearned earlier.

* retrieval Clues → being inthe same situation that you learned

* mood congruent memory + mood correlates to what kind

of memories are retrieved.

tmisinformation effect to when you incorperate misleading information into your memory of an event.

#memories change reconstruct when we think about levents.

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