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What did the headright system do?

What did the headright system do?

Description

School: Rutgers University
Department: Architectural Philosophy and History
Course: Development of US I
Professor: Martin
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: history and terms
Cost: 50
Name: Development of US I - Midterm ID Notes
Description: Hey guys, I have uploaded one part of the ID Notes that I have typed up for you so you can look at that. I am currently working on typing up more, but I wanted to help as much as I can while you start to study more. I will upload part 2 and 3 today(10/18/2017) probably around 5:00 pm. You can email at kdg69@scarletmail.rutgers.edu if you have questions. Kianna
Uploaded: 10/18/2017
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ID Portion of Midterm Exam


What did the headright system do?



Study Guide

An ID for “Headright system”

A system created to where you paid for your own voyage to Virginia, then you could receive 50  acres of land as well as keep most of the profit made. Additionally, if you paid for someone  else’s passage, you would receive an additional 50 acres of land and the person would become  your indentured servant for a certain number of years. The importance of this system was to  attract new settlers to the region by providing land through a reform that the House of Burgesses  made.

An ID for “Shays’s Rebellion” 

Shays’s Rebellion was an uprising that took place in the Hampshire County within  Massachusetts. Daniel Shays and a group of protesting farmers decided to take matters into their  own hands by threatening the federal arsenal at Springfield. Shays and the protestors had been  against Massachusetts rejecting the stay laws and paper money. At the time, many individuals  suffered in the postwar economy. This caused merchants into suing customers and customers  couldn’t afford to repay the debts they had. So Shays’s Rebellion illustrates the frustrations of  the more common people that wanted their debts to be set aside and held off by the stay laws.


What did shay's rebellion serve to do?



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An ID for “Report on Public Credit”

Report on Public Credit was a publication by Alexander Hamilton. He urged Congress to assume the states’ debts and combine them with the federal government’s foreign and domestic debts  into a consolidated national debt. He agreed with foreign debt being paid promptly. However, he  insisted that debts owed to Americans be a permanent, tax­supported fixture of government. A  permanent debt would encourage wealthy financiers to invest in government securities, thus  allying them with the national state. Hamilton also stated that servicing the debt would also  require a significant enlargement of the federal civil service, national financial institutions, and  federal taxes. This publication represents show national debt’s central role in Hamilton’s plan to  create a strong national state.


What was hamilton's report on public credit?



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An ID for “Mercantilism”

Mercantilism was a set of policies during the 17th century mostly followed by European powers.  It was the belief that the amount of wealth in the world was finite. The goal of mercantilism is to 

control as much of the world’s wealth as possible, while keeping it out of the hands of rival  nations. The key to achieving this was a positive balance of trade with other nations with a  healthy nation importing less than its exporting. The exports were intended to be luxuries.  Mercantilism was important as a foundation of an empire. 

An ID for “Navigation Acts”

The Navigation Acts were acts primarily targeted at removing the Dutch from England’s colonial markets and dislodging the Netherlands from its dominant position in world trade. The 1st portion of the Navigation Acts states that all colonial trade was to be carried on English ships. The 2nd portion of the Navigation Acts was that enumerated commodities (sugar and tobacco) could be  only shipped to England or another English colony. The last portion of the Navigation Acts was  that products from Europe and Asia had to land and be levied in England before they could be  delivered to colonies. Don't forget about the age old question of How do children relate pictorial symbols to the scenes that they represent?

An ID for “Yeoman farmers”

Yeoman farmers were most white southerners that were poorer than great smaller group of  plantation owners. Yeoman farmers, unlike plantation owners, did not own slaves. It was more  family labor that developed between Yeoman farmers. Yeoman farmers tended to follow the lead of the elite plantation owners because of the influence that the plantation owners had. The  Yeoman farmers never participate in the Southern market. Most trade occurred within the  Yeoman farming neighborhoods. Cooperation between Yeoman farmers reinforce  neighborliness. The Yeoman farmer showed how the hierarchy within the southern planters and  how plantation owners influenced the small farmers. If you want to learn more check out What is an example of a religious ritual?

An ID for “Indentured Servitude”

Indentured servitude was a concept that was created from the Headright system that allowed  wealthier individuals to provide passage for others and you became that said individual’s  indentured servant. The length of servitude was usually from 4 to 7 years, but could be a  permanent condition for many. The indentured servants were often worked to death, put back  into servitude, or have their terms lengthened as a form of punishment for running away or  stealing. The “brighter side” of being an indentured servant was having the opportunity to  succeed better in Virginia than in England for most immigrants. Indentured servitude was an  essential concept in interesting new settlers to Virginia. 

An ID for “Stamp Act”

The Stamp Act was a stamp tax on legal documents and official papers (wills, marriage licenses,  newspapers, playing cards, etc.). It was a means of raising revenue and served as a constant  reminder of parliamentary authority within the colonies. The colonies condemned the Stamp Act  and Sugar Act due to the colonist feeling as though that an internal taxation is against their rights as Englishmen. The Stamp Act served as a beginning catalyst to the deforming of the bonds  between the colonies and The British Empire. We also discuss several other topics like Why are the skeletal muscle coverings important to overall skeletal muscle function?
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An ID for “Virtual Representation”

Virtual Representation was a form of representation for people who can’t vote within Parliament. However, it was argued that because that the colonists are unable to state their interests to a  representative within Parliament that virtual representation couldn’t apply to the colonists. Since  their interested weren’t being considered, Parliament had no right to tax the colonists. Virtual  representation contributed to the colonists’ mistrust in Parliament because they had no say in any matter regardless of them being equal in status to the people of Britain who can’t vote.

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