ID Portion of Midterm Exam
An ID for “Headright system”
A system created to where you paid for your own voyage to Virginia, then you could receive 50 acres of land as well as keep most of the profit made. Additionally, if you paid for someone else’s passage, you would receive an additional 50 acres of land and the person would become your indentured servant for a certain number of years. The importance of this system was to attract new settlers to the region by providing land through a reform that the House of Burgesses made.
An ID for “Shays’s Rebellion”
Shays’s Rebellion was an uprising that took place in the Hampshire County within Massachusetts. Daniel Shays and a group of protesting farmers decided to take matters into their own hands by threatening the federal arsenal at Springfield. Shays and the protestors had been against Massachusetts rejecting the stay laws and paper money. At the time, many individuals suffered in the postwar economy. This caused merchants into suing customers and customers couldn’t afford to repay the debts they had. So Shays’s Rebellion illustrates the frustrations of the more common people that wanted their debts to be set aside and held off by the stay laws.
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An ID for “Report on Public Credit”
Report on Public Credit was a publication by Alexander Hamilton. He urged Congress to assume the states’ debts and combine them with the federal government’s foreign and domestic debts into a consolidated national debt. He agreed with foreign debt being paid promptly. However, he insisted that debts owed to Americans be a permanent, taxsupported fixture of government. A permanent debt would encourage wealthy financiers to invest in government securities, thus allying them with the national state. Hamilton also stated that servicing the debt would also require a significant enlargement of the federal civil service, national financial institutions, and federal taxes. This publication represents show national debt’s central role in Hamilton’s plan to create a strong national state.
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An ID for “Mercantilism”
Mercantilism was a set of policies during the 17th century mostly followed by European powers. It was the belief that the amount of wealth in the world was finite. The goal of mercantilism is to
control as much of the world’s wealth as possible, while keeping it out of the hands of rival nations. The key to achieving this was a positive balance of trade with other nations with a healthy nation importing less than its exporting. The exports were intended to be luxuries. Mercantilism was important as a foundation of an empire.
An ID for “Navigation Acts”
The Navigation Acts were acts primarily targeted at removing the Dutch from England’s colonial markets and dislodging the Netherlands from its dominant position in world trade. The 1st portion of the Navigation Acts states that all colonial trade was to be carried on English ships. The 2nd portion of the Navigation Acts was that enumerated commodities (sugar and tobacco) could be only shipped to England or another English colony. The last portion of the Navigation Acts was that products from Europe and Asia had to land and be levied in England before they could be delivered to colonies. Don't forget about the age old question of How do children relate pictorial symbols to the scenes that they represent?
An ID for “Yeoman farmers”
Yeoman farmers were most white southerners that were poorer than great smaller group of plantation owners. Yeoman farmers, unlike plantation owners, did not own slaves. It was more family labor that developed between Yeoman farmers. Yeoman farmers tended to follow the lead of the elite plantation owners because of the influence that the plantation owners had. The Yeoman farmers never participate in the Southern market. Most trade occurred within the Yeoman farming neighborhoods. Cooperation between Yeoman farmers reinforce neighborliness. The Yeoman farmer showed how the hierarchy within the southern planters and how plantation owners influenced the small farmers. If you want to learn more check out What is an example of a religious ritual?
An ID for “Indentured Servitude”
Indentured servitude was a concept that was created from the Headright system that allowed wealthier individuals to provide passage for others and you became that said individual’s indentured servant. The length of servitude was usually from 4 to 7 years, but could be a permanent condition for many. The indentured servants were often worked to death, put back into servitude, or have their terms lengthened as a form of punishment for running away or stealing. The “brighter side” of being an indentured servant was having the opportunity to succeed better in Virginia than in England for most immigrants. Indentured servitude was an essential concept in interesting new settlers to Virginia.
An ID for “Stamp Act”
The Stamp Act was a stamp tax on legal documents and official papers (wills, marriage licenses, newspapers, playing cards, etc.). It was a means of raising revenue and served as a constant reminder of parliamentary authority within the colonies. The colonies condemned the Stamp Act and Sugar Act due to the colonist feeling as though that an internal taxation is against their rights as Englishmen. The Stamp Act served as a beginning catalyst to the deforming of the bonds between the colonies and The British Empire. We also discuss several other topics like Why are the skeletal muscle coverings important to overall skeletal muscle function?
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An ID for “Virtual Representation”
Virtual Representation was a form of representation for people who can’t vote within Parliament. However, it was argued that because that the colonists are unable to state their interests to a representative within Parliament that virtual representation couldn’t apply to the colonists. Since their interested weren’t being considered, Parliament had no right to tax the colonists. Virtual representation contributed to the colonists’ mistrust in Parliament because they had no say in any matter regardless of them being equal in status to the people of Britain who can’t vote.