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UCONN - HIST 1400 - Study Guide - Midterm

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UCONN - HIST 1400 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: University of Connecticut
Department: History
Course: Modern Western Traditions History 1400
Professor: Paul Canning
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: history
Name: History 1400 Paul Canning Midterm Exam
Description: These notes are going to cover what is on your next exam
Uploaded: 10/19/2017
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background image History Study Guide
Paul Canning  - HIST 1400
Exam Study Guide
Terms and Definitions: (you will have to choose 8 terms and define 
them; these are some) 
Parliaments: Were high courts of Justice. In 1789. France had 13
parliaments, the most of which was the parliament of France. 
They were supreme courts of Law in pre-revolutionary France. 
William of Orange: King of Scotland; a protestant. William 
participated in several wars against the powerful Catholic King o 
France, Louis XIV, in coalition with Protestant and Catholic 
powers in Europe. 
Mercantilism     – positive balance of trade, attempt at central  crops, government regulation to increase wealth of the Kingdom, 
more export than import. Belied in the benefits of profitable 
trading. The practice was common in Europe from the 16
th  to the  18 th  Century and it promoted governmental regulation of a  nations economy.  Huguenots     – Calvinist followers of France, minority but strong,  40-50% of French nobility  Charles II – comes after Oliver Cromwell died, worked with 
parliament, test acts (anti-Catholic, pro-Anglicans), held military 
and civil offices 
James II     – pro-Catholic, sent England into religious crisis, died in  3 years  Frederic the Great: was King of Prussia from 1740-1786. His 
most significant accomplishments during his reign included his 
military victories, his reorganization of Prussian armies, his 
patronage of the arts and the enlightenment in Prussia. 
Peace of Utrecht: Consisted of twenty-three treaties and 
conventions that ended the War of the Spanish succession from 
1701-1714. Most, but not all were signed in Utrecht in the 
Netherlands in 1713. It put an end to French Expansion and 
signaled the rise of the British Empire. 
Edward Gibbon: 1737-1794; was an English historian, writer 
and member of parliament. His most important work, The History
of the Declined and Fall of Roman empire, was published in six 
volumes and is known for it’s quality and irony. 
Sir Isaac Newton: Was an English mathematician, astronomer, 
and physicist who is widely recognized as one of the most 
influential scientist of all time. 
William Pitt the Eldest: was a British statesman of the Whig 
group who led the government of Great Britain twice in the 
background image middle of the 18 th  century, especially important during the Seven Years War.  John Churchill     – Duke of Marlborough, English commander at  Blenheim 1704 Copernicus: Earth is not the center of the universe, the sun is, 
attracted other astronomers
Galileo: prominent figure in the scientific Revolution, first to use 
the telescope, got criticism from the church
Louis XVI (16): Left enlarged territories, debt, and unhappy 
population, which later lead to the enlightenment period. 
Rousseau – working class wrote “The Social Contract” in which 
he had the idea that people should control the government”
Essay Outline: (You will have to pick an essay and write about)
The France of Louis XIV, 1643-1715: The Triumph of Absolutism
I. Introduction: the greatness of Louis XIV. II. French Civilization in the Seventieth Century  a. Condition of the people
b. Cultural achievements 
III. The development of absolutism in France a. Richelieu and Mazarin
b. The Fronde
c. After death of Mazarin Louis XIV governs country himself
d. Doctrine of absolutism: L’est c’est moi. 
IV. Government and Administration  a. Louis assures himself of control of the army. War is made  an activity of the stage. b. Versailles  i. Louis makes it a political principle to overawe the  country with his own grandeur ii. Debilitating effect on French aristocracy  c. Louis uses “new men” to govern 
d. Louis never calls the Estates General
e. Louis temporarily destroys the independence of the 
parliaments f. Louis develops a strong system of administrative  coordination i. Councils of state, which he attends in person ii. Intendants, who represent these councils throughout  the country V. Economic and Financial Policies: Colbert a. Problems of finance  i. Finance always the weak spot in French monarch ii. Nobles and many bourgeois exempt from taxation iii. Taxes fall mainly on peasants

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School: University of Connecticut
Department: History
Course: Modern Western Traditions History 1400
Professor: Paul Canning
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: history
Name: History 1400 Paul Canning Midterm Exam
Description: These notes are going to cover what is on your next exam
Uploaded: 10/19/2017
3 Pages 34 Views 27 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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