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University of Louisiana at Lafayette - HIST 101 - History 101 Study

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University of Louisiana at Lafayette - HIST 101 - History 101 Study

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background image Study Guide  History 101 - World Civilizations    
G
 R E E C 
Created​ ​the​ ​democracy​ ​which​ ​means​ ​“ruled​ ​by​ ​the​ ​people”  A​ ​monarchy​ ​was​ ​ruled​ ​by​ ​one  An​ ​aristocracy​ ​is​ ​ruled​ ​by​ ​an​ ​elite​ ​group,​ ​defined​ ​by​ ​birth  An​ ​oligarchy​ ​is​ ​ruled​ ​by​ ​an​ ​elite​ ​birth,​ ​instead​ ​defined​ ​by​ ​wealth  Tyranny​ ​​ ​is​ ​defined​ ​outside​ ​of​ ​what​ ​is​ ​legal,​ ​ie.​ ​overthrowing​ ​the  government,​ ​uprising,​ ​etc.  The​ ​Greeks​ ​saw​ ​themselves​ ​as​ ​“free​ ​men,”​ ​different​ ​from​ ​everyone​ ​else   The​ ​agora​ ​was​ ​a​ ​place​ ​for​ ​major​ ​city​ ​gatherings​ ​along​ ​with​ ​the​ ​acropolis​ ​-  respectively​ ​for​ ​business​ ​and​ ​the​ ​cultural​ ​center  Vulnerable​ ​to​ ​powerful​ ​enemies  Minoans   Well​ ​planned​ ​cities  polytheistic   Women​ ​of​ ​high​ ​status   Peaceful​ ​and​ ​prosperous  Natural​ ​disasters​ ​cause​ ​decline  450​ ​BC​ ​-​ ​Mycenaeans​ ​invade​ ​Crete,​ ​destroys​ ​Minoans   Mycenaeans  Warlike  Prospered​ ​-​ ​took​ ​over​ ​Minoan​ ​trade​ ​routes  Civil​ ​war​ ​-​ ​causes​ ​decline   Civilization​ ​disappears​ ​in​ ​Greece​ ​-​ ​defined​ ​as​ ​the​ ​Greek​ ​Dark​ ​Ages  750​ ​BC​ ​-​ ​civilization​ ​returns  Sparta  Overpopulation​ ​led​ ​to​ ​military​ ​conquests​ ​to​ ​make​ ​up​ ​for​ ​outgrowing  resources  Took​ ​over​ ​neighboring​ ​lan​ ​Messenia  Used​ ​the​ ​Messenians​ ​for​ ​forced​ ​labor​ ​called​ ​the​ ​Helots  Led​ ​to​ ​Helot​ ​uprising​ ​against​ ​the​ ​Spartans 
background image Sparta​ ​creates​ ​militaristic​ ​society  Totalitarian​ ​-​ ​state​ ​is​ ​in​ ​control  All​ ​males​ ​were​ ​soldiers  Babies​ ​left​ ​for​ ​death​ ​if​ ​they​ ​did​ ​not​ ​pass​ ​examination..  12​ ​year​ ​old​ ​boys​ ​enrolled​ ​in​ ​military​ ​training  Women​ ​athletically​ ​trained  Some​ ​sovereignty   Stable​ ​society  Primitive​ ​agriculture  No​ ​literature  Athens  Ruled​ ​by​ ​aristocrats  Draco​ ​-​ ​Draconian​ ​law​ ​was​ ​harsh,​ ​the​ ​first​ ​written​ ​​ ​legal​ ​code​ ​known​ ​as​ ​“the  code​ ​written​ ​in​ ​blood,”​ ​the​ ​death​ ​penalty​ ​used​ ​for​ ​a​ ​number​ ​of​ ​offenses  Citizens​ ​wanted​ ​reform  Solon​ ​was​ ​chosen​ ​to​ ​make​ ​decisions​ ​for​ ​the​ ​people.​ ​He​ ​was​ ​respected​ ​and  known​ ​for​ ​justice  He​ ​distributed​ ​land​ ​fairly,​ ​canceled​ ​debts  Athens​ ​goes​ ​from​ ​self-sufficient​ ​to​ ​a​ ​trading​ ​society;​ ​they​ ​prosper  The​ ​ecclesia​ ​-​ ​assembly​ ​of​ ​all​ ​citizens​ ​of​ ​Athens;​ ​pass​ ​the​ ​law  The​ ​boule​ ​-​ ​two​ ​body​ ​government,​ ​council​ ​of​ ​500,​ ​made​ ​up​ ​of​ ​citizens​ ​-  organized​ ​into​ ​10​ ​tribes  Ostracism​ ​-​ ​every​ ​year,​ ​people​ ​vote​ ​on​ ​the​ ​most​ ​dangerous​ ​person​ ​to​ ​Athens  -​ ​exiled​ ​for​ ​10​ ​years  Participatory​ ​democracy​ ​-​ ​citizens​ ​directly​ ​participate  Didn't​ ​care​ ​to​ ​extend​ ​​ ​citizenship​ ​​ ​limits​ ​to​ ​women,​ ​slaves​ ​and​ ​people​ ​of  foreign​ ​origin  Two​ ​wars​ ​against​ ​Persia​ ​-​ ​fought​ ​them​ ​off​ ​and​ ​maintained​ ​independence  Ionia  Greek​ ​cities​ ​established  499​ ​BC​ ​-​ ​cities​ ​revolt​ ​against​ ​Persian​ ​rule  Athenians​ ​help,​ ​sent​ ​a​ ​small​ ​fleet​ ​of​ ​ships;​ ​defeated​ ​by​ ​Persian​ ​army  The​ ​Persian​ ​​ ​king​ ​Darius​ ​launches​ ​invasion​ ​of​ ​Greece,​ ​specifically​ ​Athens 

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School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: OTHER
Course: World Civilizations I
Professor: Robin Hermann
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: history and History101
Name: History 101 Study Guide for Exam 2
Description: The study guide contains notes from each lecture for the following exam.
Uploaded: 10/22/2017
5 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
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