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UWM - ARTHIST 205 - Study Guide

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UWM - ARTHIST 205 - Study Guide

School: University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Department: History
Course: History of Film I: The Development of an Art
Professor: Jocelyn Szczepaniak-Gillece
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: Film and Art History
Name: Study Guide for Midterm
Description: This is a starting point of collected information from over the past weeks for the midterm.
Uploaded: 10/23/2017
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background image Study Guide: Film History Midterm Film Form Narrative Image Sound (silent film= audience brought in sound) Editing To denaturalize film= to understand its historical development and to see the 
structures of power embedded in texts
Inventions & Inventors The Zoetrope (1833) The Phenakistoscope (1832) Eadweard Muybridge (1830­1904) Famous horse photos Zoopraxiscope: glass discs + lanterns to project images The “first” movie projector (1879) Result: broke down motion/ motion frozen in time Etienne­ Jules Marey (1830­1904) Chronophotography + the chronophotographic gun (1882) (12 FPS) Emile Reynaud= perxiscope Thomas Edison & WWL Dickson (1888) Kinetograph: camera (1891) 35mm, 4 perforations on each side, 46 FPS Kintescope: how you viewed the film (peepshow­like) Black Maria (Edison’s film studio that moved) opened 1893 First Kintescope parlor opened 1894 Sklandowskys + the Bioscop  2 strips of film running side by side, alternate projection (not practical) 1895, 15min programs viewed  Lumieres + the Cinematographe  Louis+Auguste, French 1894: camera, printer, + projector Mobile Filming, 16 FPS 12/28/1895: Grand Cafe in Paris (first public screening) 1897: Charity Bazaar fire (fire+cinemas)­ 125 killed 1905: production ceases RW Paul & Birt Acres Made extra kinetoscopes (Edison had not patented in UK) Rough Sea at Dover (1896): technology on display not subject of film Other Innovations Woodville Latham & the Latham Shop Thomas Armatis: Vitascope (1896): made public projection economically viable 1894: Herman Casler: Mutoscope 1896: Hermas Casler’s work w/ Dickson to form Mutoscope American Company Charles Pathe: Pathe camera used widely (still around)
background image Kinds of Cinema Actualities (non fiction­ Edison films) Scenic (travelogues­ Rough Sea at Dover) Topicals (news­ events or reenactments) Fiction/ brief staged scenes (Waterer Watered, French) Narrative Expressionist Impressionist Surrealist Narrative Terms to Know Tinting adding color to a b/w film by soaking in dye + staining the gelatin. Everything 
white gained color
Toning  replacing silver particles in emulsion with colored salts. Entire image gains color. Oligopoly Control by several businesses (Hollywood structure) a state of limited competition, in which a market is shared by a small number of 
producers or sellers.
Vertical integration Intertitles (expository + dialogue) Intercutting/cross/parallel editing:  cutting between places Analytical editing:  one space, multiple framings Inserts:  closer views of objects Contiguity editing & the 180 degree line POV + eyeline match shot/reverse shot The Gesture Silent film as a cinema of gesture The gesture= narrative and excess The Uncanny Return of the repressed, the unseen = are now seen Autorenron, or “author’s film” Film based on literary source or author wrote screenplay Biomechanical acting:  controlled movements Overlapping editing Repetition of action from shot to shot Jump Cut: Same position, new mise­ en­ scene (later: Godard) Elliptical editing: 
background image Condensing time by eliminating action Non Diegetic inserts: Image not part of the diegesis Graphic contrasts: Shocking contrast between two shots No fill lights; actors against dark backgrounds­  graphic nature of the image Dialectical Synthesis of two opposing forces; contradiction as contemplation “Kinoglaz”/ Kino­ eye The mechanical (camera) and the perceptual (eye) Photogenie Where the profilmic (whatever occurs in front of camera) meets the camera A spark; a moment; a glance; a face Filmmakers and their Films George Melies 1861­ 1938 Array of effects: fast + slow motion, double exposures, stop motion, dissolves, 
stage effects
1895: attended Lumieres Grand Cafe Trip to the Moon, 1902 Pantomime/ theatrical shorts; bankrupted­ mid 1910s Brighton School Spread of filmmaking + exhibition in England Shown in fairgrounds to working class people Novelties like Twins’ Tea Party (1896) Cecil Hepworth + FX cinematography, beginning 1899 How it feels to be run over (1900); suspense Explosion of a motor car (1900) Used anxieties and fears of the new technology of the car James Williamson, The Big Swallow, 1900 First notion of the close­up Edwin S Porter (1870­1941) Joins the Edison Company in 1899; influence by Melies  Life of an American Fireman, 1902 “First” full story film The Great Train Robbery, 1903 Use of practical SFX= composite shot DW Griffith  “Father” of narrative cinema Birth of a Nation (1915): narrative experimentation: “most important” silent film New consolidation of form= new psychological motivation for characters Fritz Lang and Metropolis (1927) Cost over 5 million Reichsmarks:  Nearly bankrupted UFA bu inspiration to Hollywood, fashion, art Sergei Eisenstein (1898­1948)

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School: University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Department: History
Course: History of Film I: The Development of an Art
Professor: Jocelyn Szczepaniak-Gillece
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: Film and Art History
Name: Study Guide for Midterm
Description: This is a starting point of collected information from over the past weeks for the midterm.
Uploaded: 10/23/2017
7 Pages 38 Views 30 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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