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UCONN - ANTH 1500 - anth study guide fot test II - Study Guide

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UCONN - ANTH 1500 - anth study guide fot test II - Study Guide

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background image Anth 1500: Study Guide for Test 2  Preparing for the test: I recommend that you fill in all of  the blanks below using your notes as a  guide. After you have done this, try to fill in the blanks without your notes. This forces you to think  more actively and will help you learn the material more effectively.   Use the following lists of  names of  archaeologists and sites mentioned in class to help structure  your study for the map quiz and matching exercise for Test 2. The guide will also serve as a useful  beginning for the other sections on the test (multiple choice, short and long answer). You will need  to consult the lectures posted on HuskyCT for additional information on the topics covered!  Names of  archaeologists/discoverers mentioned in class  Name Associated with Kathleen Kenyon The Neolithic at Jericho Willard Libby Radiocarbon darting 14C Klaus Schmidt Gobekli tepe James Mellaart Catal hoyuk Ian Hodder Current director of  fatal hoyuk Andrew Sherratt Secondary product’s revolution V. Gordon Childe Characteristics of  a civilization Charles Redman Characteristics of  a civilization Leonard Woolley Ur Jean-François Champollion The rosetta stone decipherment James E. Quibell Narmer palette Napoleon 1798: pierre-franchis bouchard. (napoleonic exploration) Mark Lehner Giza plateatu mapping project Howard Carter  Search for Tutankhamen Lord Carnarvon Support money for search for Tutankhamen Zahi Hawass Tutankhamun’s death Helmut and Erika Simon Otzal apls Sir John Lubbock (Later Lord 
Avebury)
Avebury, Wiltshire John Aubrey Construction of  stonehenge.  Wang Yirong “dragon bones” 
The discovery of  anyang
background image Names of  ancient people mentioned in class  Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni Harappa  excavation began in 1920 under direction of  sir John 
Marshall
Sir John Marshall Harappa 
Announced discovery of  a new civilization
Richard Meadow Merhgarh: a Neolithic village Rafique Mughal gqnweriwala Susan and Roderick McIntosh Jenne-jeno  African urban centers differ from those in mesopotamia João de Barros Portuguese explorers Karl Mauch 1871: in search of  the remains of  a lost white civilization 
Denied that local people could have built remains 
Used presence of  cedar to argue for northern connection
Cecil Rhodes 1890 : Mashonaland occupied by cecil Rhodes for gold 
prospecting 
Site became symbol justifying colonization
Theodore Bent Had studied Phoenicians but no fomal training in archaeology 
Concluded that builders came from Arabian peninsula 
Cecil Rhodes purchased many finds taken from the site
Gertrude Caton-Thompson 1929: found unlotted sites nearby and through stratigraphic and 
stylistic comparisons confirmed local origin
Name Associated with Name Relevance Queen Shub-ad Ur  Tomb of queen shub-ad in royal cemetery  Long distance trade for her neckless  Lapis lazuli: from Aghanistan  “rayal tomb”  Royal cemetery at Ur  Vast wealth, human sacrifices  Trade, specialized crafts  Sacrifices: 2 females in burial chamber, 10 women, 5 soldiers, and  2 cattle outside chamber 
background image Narmer  Narmer’s plaette discovered at Hierakonpolis (James E.Quibell)  Narmer  united  Upper  and  Lower  Egypt  into  one  kingdom  and  became King-Pharaoh.  Narmer  palette:  2  feet  tall,  the  power  is  center  by  one  person.  The ruler is a king, authority, semidivide rule, communicate with  the god  Narmer wearing the white crown of upper egypt, symbolic mace,  killing captive,   Other  site  :  narmer  waring  the  red  crown  of  lower  egypt,  inspecting  decapitated  captives,  interwined  beasts  symbolize  harmony.  Djoser 
Imohtep
Dynasty  3  :  Dioser  built  the  first  pyramid  at  saqqarah.  6  superimposed mastabas.   Imohtep: scribe and architect invented stepped pyramid  Goal: Minimized looting Khufu, Khafre, and Menkure Great pyramid building age at Giza  Greatest angle that can be sustained  Pyramids  built  by  khufu  (largest),  Khafre(looks  tallest),  and  menkure(smallest)  Not a point in the khufu,   Inside a pyramid: build by 4 people  King’s chamber, queens chamber,  Tutankhamun Valley of the kings  Many pharaoh tombs  Tutankhamen missing  Son of akhenaten  Reigned for 10 year died at age of 18  Dynasty 18: 1333-1323 BCE  18-20: new kingdom  Symbols  of  royalty,  large  neckless,  king  and  queen  wear  this.symbols of power  Stand  one  foot  before  another,  hunting  ,  warefear  over  22,000  artifacts found in chamber.   Two gods at the back, there were omthing behind. Has a passage  way. Has protect,   Go by the standard judged by that days, be very carefully,  Ötzi, Ice Man Body crudely removed and taken to a morgue then  Formal excavations began later  Large number of finds surrounded body  Body and associated finds 14C   Clothing  What did otzi eat  Deer, ncleavened bread, and greens in large intestine  bone: istopes villafe in southern tyrol  Other  finds:  bow,  quiver  with  arrows,  bow  string,  bone  points,  hafted copper axe  Wodden reusksack frame, birth bark containers  Stone tool and bone, marble 

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School: University of Connecticut
Department: Sociology
Course: Great Discoveries in Archaeology
Professor: Lucas Proctor
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: anth study guide fot test II
Description: this include the study guide answer for test II.
Uploaded: 10/26/2017
8 Pages 64 Views 51 Unlocks
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