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UNT / Political Science / PSCI 2305 / What are the two kinds of cognitive misers?

What are the two kinds of cognitive misers?

What are the two kinds of cognitive misers?

Description

School: University of North Texas
Department: Political Science
Course: US Political Behavior
Professor: Glen biglaiser
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: priming and fakenews
Cost: 25
Name: PSCI 2305 Week 9 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material discussed on 10/23, 10/25, and 10/27. These notes cover Media in Campaigns, Agenda-setting, priming and framing.
Uploaded: 10/27/2017
2 Pages 41 Views 2 Unlocks
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PSCI 2305 Week 9 Notes


What are the two kinds of cognitive misers?



 Media in Campaigns (10/23/17)

 Importance of mass media

 Primary source of info about politics for people

∙ Signaling

∙ Watchdog

∙ Common Carrier

∙ Partisan Advocate

 Traditional Views of Media Effects

 Expected

 Information

 Persuasion

 Selective Perception

 Tendency not to notice, more quickly forget stimuli that contradict prior  beliefs

 Agenda-setting

 Importance of issue on a national/state/local scale

 Effect increased by

 Lead story status


What are some of the effects of entertainment shows?



 Vivid story, emotional engagement

 Lack of political sophistication of viewer

 Priming

 Exposure to one stimulus influences the response to another stimulus  Manipulates which aspects of issues weigh most heavily in our opinion about  a candidate. (10/25/17)

 Cognitive misers

 Stereotypes

 Heuristics

 Framing

 Defines the an element of rhetoric to encourage/discourage certain  interpretations We also discuss several other topics like What is the formula for energy efficient rating?

 Goal

 To persuade a political audience of one side of an argument or another  “Framing” a story

 Reduces complex issues to simple parts

 Frames generated by

 Culture


Is fake news a type of propaganda?



 Elites

∙ Pro-choice vs. Pro-life

 Media

 Not just the news…

 Entertainment shows may also have effects

 Agenda-setting

 Priming

 Even “better” than the news

 Fake News

 Type of propaganda

 Consists of deliberate misinformation

 Spread via traditional print and broadcast news

 More recently via social media

 Not knowing is cognitively uncomfortable

 Humans are uncomfortable when they don’t know things

 Deliberate Misinformation

 Spreads because readers don’t take the time to properly verify  False Headlines

 A news headline may state as fact but body says different

∙ Clickbait

 Social Media Sharing

 Show a large number of news items in short time means users might not  take time to verify

 Popular + widely-shared ≠ true We also discuss several other topics like What kind of waves are p-waves?
Don't forget about the age old question of What does total revenue pertain to?

 Satire

 Satire news or comedy news often begins with an aspect of truth then  purposefully twists it to comment on society

∙ EX. The Onion Don't forget about the age old question of How does the mother behave in avoidant attachment style?
If you want to learn more check out Where do heterotrophs sources their food from?
If you want to learn more check out How does the gastrovascular cavity in flatworms function?

 Why do we look at fake news?

 Confirmation bias (Zaller)

 Uncertainty is cognitively uncomfortable

 Little difference to our brain between looking at cute animals and consuming  sugar

 Dopamine and decrease in reward overtime

 Willing to put up with disappointment

 As long as there’s an occasional payout

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