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GSU - HIST 2110 - Survey of U.S. History- Exam 3 Study Guide - Study

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GSU - HIST 2110 - Survey of U.S. History- Exam 3 Study Guide - Study

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background image Survey of U.S. History ­­ Study Guide Exam 3  Terms: Black Codes “Reign of Terror” Enforcement Act of 1870 Radical Reconstruction Civil Rights Act of 1866 Compromise of 1877 Lynching Civil Rights Cases (1883) Mississippi Plan (1890) Plessy v. Ferguson Manifest Destiny  Dawes Act (1887) Guano Islands Act of 1856 Orientalism  ‘White Man’s Burden” Our Country (1885) “Big Stick Diplomacy” Spanish­American War Philippine War Progressive Era “Bellwether of Industry” Growth of Cities Social Darwinism “Disinheritance” Populists Temperance Anti­Saloon League Civil Liberties Committee on Public Information National Unity “Safe for Democracy” American Protective League Red Scare 19 th  Amendment National Origins Act of 1924 Sick Industries Black Codes Who: Black people?  When: (1865­1868) following the end of the Civil War and beginning of the 
Reconstruction Era 
Where: Southern states  What: Restricted the freedom of black people (freedmen) and the right to own 
property, conduct business, buy and lease land, and move freely through public 
spaces such as Southern towns. The purpose of Black Codes was to regain the 
control over freed slaves, to prevent black uprisings and to ensure the continued 
supply of cheap labor
Significance: Sparked the need for Civil Rights Movement and signified how 
American was still prejudice despite the whole longing of the Reconstruction Era.
background image “Reign of Terror” When: (1866­)  What: Violence against GOP and freed people Significance: During the rise of the KKK Enforcement Act of 1870  Who: Ulysses grant enacted these acts and passed by Congress, also known as the
Klu Klux Klan Acts of 1870
When: (1870­1871) What: They prohibited the states from discriminating against voters based on race 
and gave the federal government the power to overrule the state courts and 
prosecute violations of the law
Significance: helped many freedman, a part of the Reconstruction Era Radical Reconstruction Who: Union=freedom for all, President Andrew Johnson supported radical 
reconstruction
When: (1865­1877)  What: opposed Black codes, favored Civil Rights  Significance: Radical Reconstruction did little to blacks and poor whites Civil Rights Act of 1866 Who: Passed by Congress but then vetoed by President Andrew Johnson and 
overridden by Congress
When: (1866) What: This act stated that all persons born in the United States, without regard to 
race or color, were now citizens and shared the same basic rights.
Significance: It was the first major law ever passed over a presidential veto. 
People who denied this act and didn’t go by it were guilty of misdemeanor and 
faced a fine. The Ku Klux Klan were weakened by this act
Compromise of 1877 Who: challenged the 1856 election (Rutherford Hayes)  When: (1877) Where: South was affected 
background image What: This settled the election of 1876, troops were removed from Louisiana and 
South Carolina and concessions for building a southern transcontinental railroad 
made
Significance: ending the Reconstruction Era in the South  Lynching Who: committed towards black people  When: (1860s­1960s), during the Jim Crow Era and Reconstruction era  Where: ‘New South’ What: Public murder done with the approval of the community
Reasons for lynching: Retaliation for economic success
Punishment for political activism
Punishment for insubordination ­ not subservient enough
Cover­up for consensual relationship
Significance: method most commonly used by the Ku Klux Klan  Civil Rights Cases (1883) When: (1883) What: A case in which the court ruled that Congress could not legislate against 
the racial discrimination practiced by private citizens, which included railroads, 
hotels, and other businesses used by the public.
Significance: Spurred Jim Crow laws that codified the previously private, 
informal, and local practice of racial segregation in the United States.
Mississippi Plan of 1890 When: 1890 Where: Mississippi What: Mississippi instituted policies that led to a near­total loss of voting rights 
for blacks and many poor whites. In order to vote, the state required that citizens 
pay all their taxes first, be literate, and have been residents of the state for two 
years and one year in an electoral district. Convicts were banned from voting. 
Seven other states followed this strategy of disenfranchisement.
Significance: Plessy v. Ferguson Who: U.S. Supreme Court decided this  When: (1896) What: Separate but equal doctrine created. Race­based segregation is 
constitutional

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School: Georgia State University
Department: History
Course: Survey of U.S. History
Professor: Amani Marshall
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: SurveyofU.S.History
Name: Survey of U.S. History- Exam 3 Study Guide
Description: Hopefully this study guide helps you, it doesn't go in depth but it has the basics.
Uploaded: 10/28/2017
8 Pages 86 Views 68 Unlocks
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