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FAU - HIS 2012 - WOH 2012 - Exam 2 Study Guide - Study Guide

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FAU - HIS 2012 - WOH 2012 - Exam 2 Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image WOH 2012 Exam 2 Textbook-Based Study Guide  Important Concept  Key Person  Ch. 5: Dawn of Empires  The Achaemenids  Cyrus II (the Great)  •  first ruler of the Persian empire 
•  hegemonic rule 
Darius I  •  provincial administrative units, or satrapies, throughout the empire 
•  built a large, connected system of roads  
•  Zoroastrianism—good vs. evil 
  Greece  isolated by mountains but partially connected by rivers and seas  Minoans  •  the Mediterranean island of Crete 
•  capital at Knossos 
•  ideal position for trade 
•  Linear A—their indecipherable language 
Myceneans   •  lived on the mainland 
•  constantly involved in defending their land  
•  Linear B—this is decipherable 
  Post - Dark Ages  made up of independent city-states or separate polis  Athens  •  lead city-state—paved the way for democracy 
•  in the middle of Athens was the agora—the social and political meeting center 
Solon  •  gave free men the right to participate and vote in the public assembly 
•  the Council of Four Hundred  
•  stopped the debt-slavery 
Persian Wars  •  some Greek city-states were conquered by Darius I  
•  Athens and Sparta combined forces and led the rest of the city-states into war 
o  hoplite forces—soldiers that are in phalanx formation (columns of soldiers in tight lines) with a  shield on the left arm  Philosophers 
background image •  Socrates  opposed sophists—philosophers who were paid for teaching officials how to persuade people 
•  Plato  
•  Aristotle  
Delian League  •  the alliance of city-states, led by Athens, to protect their land 
•  some city-states wanted to stop Athens’ control 
The Peloponnesian Wars  •  Sparta’s Peloponnesian League, made up of its allies, decided to face Athens and its allies  o  fighting occurred for a whole generation    The Empire of Alexander the Great  Phillip II  •  strove to unify Greece 
•  then free the Greek city-states under Persian control to conquer the Persians 
Alexander the Great  benevolent despotism—only killed people or sold them into slavery when they rebelled    Ch. 6: Rome and the Barbarians  Rome – A Republic   •  the Italian Peninsula close to the Tiber River Valley 
•  for 250 years, Rome was under Etruscan rule—driven out in 509 BCE 
•  patricians—7% of the population, had full citizenship  
•  plebeians—the bulk of the population, lacked hereditary ties to Rome 
Patron-client relationship  •  strong men (patricians) acted as protectors of the weak (plebeians) who obeyed and served the strong 
•  similar to paterfamilias—fathers had the power to do as they wished for their children 
Struggle of the Orders  •  the plebeians refused to do military service 
•  the patricians created the Law of the Twelve Tables—unfair laws, giving the plebeians little rights 
Senate  •  the consultative and legislative body of Roman government 
•  two consuls governed over all Roman lands—held office for one year 
Attempts at Reform  •  troops would return home to find their farms bought by owners of large estates called latifundia 
•  Tiberius Gracchus proposed for the redistribution of public lands—was killed 
•  Gaius Gracchus made new colonies for resettlement for the poor—was assassinated  
 

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School: Florida Atlantic University
Department: History
Course: History of Civilization 1
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Exam 2, history, world civilization, Study Guide, Civilization, study, and Studyguide
Name: WOH 2012 - Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: Here is the textbook-based study guide for exam 2 that will cover chapters five to nine.
Uploaded: 10/29/2017
5 Pages 65 Views 52 Unlocks
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