Exam #2 Study Guide
Highlight = Key term Highlight = Important concept
Primer (2004) directed by Shane Carruth
● Engineers, Abe and Aaron, create “the box” that essentially allows one person at a time to time travel 6 hours prior.
● After multiple tests, they use the box for the stock market.
● Abe learns that Granger, Abe’s girlfriend’s father, had gone into a coma and might be due to time traveling which warns them to stop using the box.
● Abe and Aaron try to find their other versions of themselves (as a result of using the box), and dissuade the other to stop using the box.
● Eventually Abe and Aaron part ways; Aaron moves out of the country and Abe stays in town to prevent the box from returning.
What makes the film Indie
1. Independent film genre that has industrial qualities with edginess and quirkiness a. Mix number of elements in one film
2. Avantgarde underground
3. beneath/beyond Hollywood’s style
4. Sense of realism with lofi sound aesthetic
5. Unique and viable product
6. Antigenre film low budget look
a. Makes the film unique
b. $7000 budget
1. Genre and sound → shape audience’s expectation of sci-f If you want to learn more check out What is the process where green plants, algae, and certain bacteria convert light energy and co2 into chemical energy?
2. Not only special effects but sound design movement
3. Surround sound > space
a. Plays with cinematic experience of film
4. Considered both industrially and spectactly indie response to Hollywood scifi Narrative
1. Unclear if flashback or ellipsis
a. Which characters are the original or future versions of themselves
2. Sound = unifying factor in image editing
3. Unshown faces, but dialogue is present in the beginning → later reveals characters
a. Telephone conversations
b. Foreshadowing technique
4. Familiar set locations
a. More realistic
1. Explication in dialogueWe also discuss several other topics like What recommendation would you make in regards to properly managing credit card usage and repayment?
a. Not much action throughout flm → pay attention to conversations to understand flm
2. Realistic dialogue
a. Captures aspects of real scientists
b. Actors find it difficult to be less dramatic in their scenes
c. Detached, unemotional
3. Verbal awkwardness
a. Pauses and uttering
i. Stressed out; irritability of character’s scientific detachment
4. Dialogue narrates the image
1. Fluid vibrato and glissandi = other worldliness and/or threat
2. Alienness = combo of unusual/electrified instruments
3. Simple electronic chord progressions
4. Uncluttered arrangements
5. Usually 1 or 2 instruments = scaledback quality We also discuss several other topics like What is the process by which businesses develop international
Oldboy (2003) directed by Park Chanwook
● Daesu is kidnapped and taken to a hotel room for unknown reasons. For the 15 years of being trapped, he spends his time writing in journals of who his possible kidnappers could be and training his body to prepare himself for the day he meets his kidnapper.
● Again, for unknown reasons, he is then freed and finds himself to go to a restaurant where he meets a lady, Mido.
● Based on the dumplings he had eaten for 15 years, he goes to every restaurant that has “Blue Dragon” in the name until he finds “Magic Blue Dragon”. If you want to learn more check out How do the procedures for assessing the absolute and difference thresholds differ?
● He finds more clues that eventually leads him to his kidnapper, Woojin, a man who had once gone to highschool with. He now knows who the kidnapper is, but still has no idea why; killing Woojin will leave him with no answer, thus leaving him to find more clues.
● He finds that his kidnapping is due to Woojin’s sister’s suicide. Daesu goes to Woojin’s apartment and is presented with an album of Daesu’s family.
● Daesu learns that Mido, the girl he met at the restaurant and made love to, was his daughter and were both hypnotized according to Woojin’s plan. This was all of Woojin’s revenge on Daesu for telling everyone at school Woojin had a incestual relationship which caused his sister to kill herself. We also discuss several other topics like What are the qualifications for psychologists to serves as expert witnesses in the legal system?
● Daesu cuts off his tongue and Woojin dies now that his revenge had been complete. ● Still in shock, Daesu asks the hypnotist to erase his memory of everything that had happened and keeping the secret away from Mido. Don't forget about the age old question of What are the two main principles in anthropology?
1. Received negative reviews
2. Doesn’t carry humanistic films
a. Protagonists plot revenge > values tolerance and salvation
3. Leaves the audience with a “cool” impression of violence
a. Always towards individuals > state institutions
b. Erasure of authority
c. “Police are useless”
■ Foreground police as a source of corruption or social malice who meet all acts of transgression, personal, or public.
■ Beyond knowing
■ Police rarely showing up in frame, only voices
d. Visual plane
■ Opting for flattened wide shots
■ Reducing distance between camera and objects
e. Public menace
■ Beginning shows Dae-su in police station → cuts quickly and minimally = caused some disturbance
■ Realistic lighting, natural actions > upcoming intense actions
f. Transformation of Daesu
■ Physically stronger than started
■ Isolated for 15 years
■ Lack of emotions
a. Only identifying the essence of resentment → root cause of revenge b. Not to denounce the crime, but identify the sinners
■ Justifies the spirit of revenge
d. Vengeance is neither evil nor unethical
e. “Revenge is good for one’s health”
■ mentally/physically good
f. Acts of terror can be seen as good and other times bad
■ If executed with good intentions
a. Many body parts/organs are dismembered
b. Being able to extract one’s revenge
c. Korean history
■ Offering to sacrifice one’s body part protests in human rights violations or express nationalist ideologies
■ Sacrifice body part = realize goals of capital gain
a. Modernism takes away the sense of familiarity
b. “Too much buchu in the dumpling”
■ Gave the dumpling its unique taste → led him to the Magic Blue Dragon
■ His only memories of cell
a. Dae-su’s access to info about world → TV
b. TV = friend
■ Felt a little less lonely
c. Cutting his tongue
d. Monotone voice
■ Detaches from social and personal → spiritual/transcendental voiceovers
● Rises everything that is social
A Touch of Spice (2006) directed by Tassos Boulmetis
● Fanis Iakovides grew up in Istanbul where he was born and spent most of his childhood with his grandfather, Vassilis, at his general store. There, he learned about astronomy from Vassilis by using spices to represent a planet.
● During the Istanbul riots, many Greeks who had dual citizenship were deported. Fanis and his family had dual citizenship but Vassilis didn’t, so Fanis’s grandfather had to stay in Istanbul while Fanis and his family deported to Athens.
● Fanis had difficulty adapting to living in Athens and spent most of his time in the kitchen where it reminded him of home and his cooking talents grew.
● When the riots had resolved, Vassilis had promised to visit Fanis over the years, but failed to due his health.
● Fanis returns to Istanbul and visits the general store again. He also runs into Saime, a Turkish girl and childhood friend who he had fell in love with when they were kids, where they catch up on each other’s lives of the last thirty years.
Side note: I was not able to attend the Q&A, and there was no reading on iLearn.
Paprika (2006) directed by Satoshi Kon
● Set in the future, a device called the DC Mini is created, which allows a person(s) to enter a patient’s dreams. Dr. Atsuko Chiba uses this device illegally and secretly as Paprika, her alter ego, to help Detective Toshimi Konakawa’s recurring dreams.
● Since the DC Mini is not finished, anyone is able to access anyone’s dreams with the device. Chiba goes to Dr. Kosaku Tokita, the inventor of the DC Mini, to look for the culprit who is going through people’s dreams.
● After almost killing himself, chief of the department, Dr. Torataro Shima consistently dreams of a parade of kitchen utilities. Tokita sees his assistant Kei Himuro and realizes that someone from the department is the thief and Kei had helped them.
● DC Mini was then banned by the chairman of the department, but while Tokita was looking for the culprit, he becomes involved in Konakawa’s dreams. Paprika and Shima end up finding that it is not Himuro that was culprit, but the chairman, Dr. Morio Osanai.
● Paprika is captured by Osanai and is literally cut open, to reveal Chiba’s true form. After being interrupted by the shared body of the Chairman and Osanai, Konakawa steps into the dream and saves Chiba by taking her to his dream. Konakawa then shoots Osanai, which actually kills Osanai’s physical body in the real world.
● The two worlds of dreams and reality are beginning to overlap with the parade of utilities on the street. This results with Paprika and Chiba in their own bodies. The chairman appears and threatens to make the world a living nightmare. After Paprika throws herself in Tokita’s robotic form, a baby appears and begins to age as she sucks in the chairman's wind, ending his nightmare.
1. Satoshi Kon
a. Japanese director
b. Known for his editing
i. Transitions → match cuts, metamorphosis
c. Animation > live action
i. Stripped down
ii. Faster pace editing
d. Female character protagonist
ii. Male gaze
iii. Female = strong, faithful
e. Play with form
i. Reveal the mechanisms of the medium within the film itself
1. “Dreams are windows”
a. Frames within frames
b. Use of mirrors, screens, and windows
c. Windows to other realities and great power
i. Real life troubles portrayed in dreams
d. Idea of freedom
i. Blue butterflies
2. Detective side story
a. Damsel in distress
b. Saved by Paprika
3. Male gaze
a. Male sets up the scene; female drives the plot
b. Detective is emasculated
a. Techno = faulty with technology
i. Played in situation when technology is breaking down
b. Dark themes are portrayed when:
i. Toy box music is played
ii. Colorful visuals
5. Cheerful parade
a. Dreams are merging
b. Sign of trouble
6. Wizard of Oz ≠ Paprika
a. There and back
i. Dorothy leaves the Kansas and into Oz without affecting either worlds b. DC Mini
i. Two way gate
ii. Being able to go from dream to reality
iii. Affects the real world
iv. Contagious power
7. Paprika and Chiba
a. Shows a part of Chiba
i. Youthful and sexier under psychologist professional
ii. Enhance each other > merge
b. Alter ego
i. Paprika is shown as always having fun, flying in her own world 8. Dreamtime
a. Where myths, legends, and folklore reside
b. Becomes real when entered in Tokyo