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WSU / Philosophy / Phi 2050 / Who is judith jarvis?

Who is judith jarvis?

Who is judith jarvis?

Description

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Philosophy Quiz number 4 Study Guide

  • Judith Jarvis Thomas “A defense of abortion”
  • Peter Singer’s “All animals are equal”

In her article, Judith Jarvis creates a strong argument against abortion with the premiss that a fetus is a person. These are her main points and analogies

  1. Although she doesn’t agree with the argument, she says that for the purpose of argumentation, the foetus is a person
  2. She debunks the argument that because both the mother and foetus have a “right to life” and because directly willing is morally worse than letting someone die, the mother should sit passively and wait if she has a condition that will ultimately will her if she doesn’t abort the foetus
  3. Jarius says that the “right to life” does not include being provided with the bare minimum required to continue living
  4. The right to life does not mean one has the right to use another’s body without their permission
  5. She dismisses the argument that even if a woman tries to protect herself and becomes pregnant on accident, or is raped, that she is not required to let the foetus grow inside of her, just as a burglar that breaks into a house does not have the right to do so, even if the door was left unlocked by the woman, unknowing that burglars tend to burgle (analogy - unprotected sex)
  6. Even if you should, or it is easy to do something for another, it is not unjust if one does not do it but merely self - centered and selfish

We also discuss several other topics like When is the use of force not acceptable?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the four things in pavlov's experiment?
If you want to learn more check out Who are the people in authority that we obey?
If you want to learn more check out What is the difference between critical and sensitive periods?
If you want to learn more check out What causes the major decline of the indus valley civilization?
We also discuss several other topics like Who produced events and published music that borrowed from popular styles to reach an even greater audience?

Peter Singer claims that equality as a philosophical problem should not be only of human equality, but should investigate and include the issue of equality for animals

  1. Equality is a moral idea, not a fact
  2. Hierarchy based on IQ is just as bad as hierarchy in South Africa, for example, where all whites are superior to all blacks, not matter their individual differences
  3. From the universal perspective, no one individual of his best interest is more important than any others
  4. Singer argues that using a non - human over a human with severe and irreversible brain damage is worse because these non - human apes and cats and mice can tell what is happening to them and are affected by it consciously
  5. Eating animals, experimenting on them, and the inhumane living conditions that we continue to support by eating meat are morally problematic issues that must be addressed

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