Criminology Test Two Material
Multiple Choice Section:
1) How is a mass shooting defined?
a. Two or more fatalities including domestic violence and gang violence
b. Three or more fatalities excluding domestic violence and gang violence
c. Three or more fatalities including domestic violence and gang violence
d. Two or more fatalities excluding domestic violence and gang violence
2) What is a hot spot?
a. Places that have minimal crime
b. Hot spots are non-existent
c. Places that have a lot of crime
d. None of these describe hot spot correctly
3) How was segregation viewed for race before it was paired with poverty?
a. Segregation was not allowed, equal rights for all men was stressed b. Segregation was allowed, especially due to De jure discrimination c. Segregation was encouraged so there would be similarities within the communities
d. More than one of these is correct
4) What is collective efficacy?
a. Social capital which is sharing resources, connections, or money to get to a common goal of good.
b. Collective parties coming together to form a union.
c. Concentrated areas of criminal activities specifically gang violence d. None of these
5) Which of the following is an example of collective efficacy? a. Children playing in a neighborhood
b. A single mother having neighbors in her neighborhood watch her children while she went to her job during the day. While she’s working the kids hop house to house playing in the overall neighborhood, each house the kids went to the other mothers would phone to the single mother.
If you want to learn more check out What animal evolved from dinosaurs?
c. Going to the store with your roommate for food
d. All of these are a good example of collective efficacy
6) What is the difference between the onset and desistance? a. Onset: the ending of crime spree, desistance the beginning of criminal period
b. Onset: the middle time frame of crime, desistance is the sudden end of crime
c. Onset: the beginning of crime, desistance: when crime ends, slowing down of crime over time
d. Onset: the beginning of crime, desistance: when crime ends, abruptly ending, i.e. going cold turkey on criminal activity. 7) In Moffit’s theory, how many types of offenders are there? What are they?
a. 3 types: Adolescent Limited, Life Course Persistent, Late Bloomer b. 2 Types: Late Bloomer, Life Course Persistent We also discuss several other topics like It is the principle that a law isn’t broken until an illegal act has been committed. what is it?
c. 2 Types: Late Bloomer. Adolescent Limited
d. 2 types: Adolescent Limited, Life Course Persistent
8) Which of these is an example of social capital?
a. Practicing soccer with the kids
b. Neglecting to pay bills
c. Buying a present for yourself
d. Two of these are correct
9) What is a “Career Criminal”
a. The time spent in criminal activity over the life course b. Someone who doesn’t age out of crime, there is not a decline present in their criminal activity either
c. Someone who doesn’t age out of crime, there is not a decline present in their criminal activity but still have frequent serious offenses.
d. All of the above
10) If a mother is incarcerated, there are no effects on the child. a. True
c. Not enough information to determine this
d. Depends on the rest of the family structure of the home. 11) Which of the following is not a component dealing with criminal and non-criminal associations?
e. None of these
f. All of these are components
12) Which of the following is an example of duration? a) The emotional component, Carol being Tom’s girlfriend b) How much Carol sees her boyfriend Tom We also discuss several other topics like What is a type of mutualism relationship that both species that need the interaction to survive?
c) Carol deciding if she sees Tom on Christmas or spend time with her grandmother
d) How long Carol has been Tom’s girlfriend
13) Which of the following is a way that frustration is solved through the strain theory?
d. The reevaluate theory
14) Which is not an example of a source of strain
a. Failure to achieve the goal
b. Removal of positive stimuli
c. A break up with a law abiding citizen
d. Running away from home or beating up a kid at school Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of the free-rider problem?
15) What does selection effects basically mean?
a. The hard working are deported
b. 1st generation works long and hard because they don’t want to screw up their shot at citizenship compared to the third generation c. The settlement patterns of immigrants to America
d. All of these are a good definition of selection effect
16) Which of the following is an example of retreat?
a. A different way to achieve the goal
b. Shift to drug use
c. Fighting the system If you want to learn more check out How many groups are associated with issue advocacy?
d. None of these
True/ False Section:
1) Oklahoma is first in the nation for women incarceration rates 2) Sutherland’s Social Organization theory states crime is the result of people having definitions favorable to law violation over definitions unfavorable to law violation. Example, the great depression, law abiding citizens turn to crime because of the loss of money and gain of stress. Hung out with criminals then pursue criminal behavior. 3) Learning “why” to commit a crime is defined as a technique to crime 4) Learning “how” to commit a crime is defined as a technique of crime 5) The “pull theories” of crime are Positivist theories
6) Trajectories are only showing the criminal pathway to crime 7) The “At Risk Boys” study was replicated with women and their results showed the same amount of protective effects of their marriage and work life.
8) An example of a family structure is a family with a single mother and three kids
9) An example of a family structure is a reinforcement on curfews for teenagers.
10) Greater problems emerge when mothers go to prison. 11) Drug gangs are bigger than street gangs
12) People can’t relieve stress is non-criminal acts
13) Emotions such as sadness, anger, or fear do not play a role on criminal behavior
14) Kids in gangs wanted to stay apart of the gang for the most part after a year Don't forget about the age old question of What is a double-stranded dna?
Answer Choices for Multiple Choice Section:
Answers for the True/ False Section
Short answer question/ Concepts that we may see:
Explain housing and incarceration rates relationship. For example, when one gets out of their sentence, explain where they are allowed to live and what types of areas they are in. Is this an example of concentrated disadvantage?
How does collective efficacy, race and incarceration rates apply to each other? What does the relationship look like could you provide an example?
Draw the age crime curve against Moffit’s two types of offenders. What is the difference between the two lines? Describe the offense rate between the two offenders, similarities
How does recidivism effect incarceration rates of women, low risk offenders or reoccurring offenders?
Under the learning theory what associations turn you to or away from criminal activity? *hint there are four* Pick one and explain it
Short Answer Tips:
I titled it this because I am just going to highlight what I think is important for the answers, If you want a full example of what a response would look like please feel free to email me.
1 Incarceration rates and housing have a relationship because it is legal concentrated disadvantage. An example of this would be how pedophile offenders have to live in certain areas that may be a certain distance from schools to keep away from young children. Overall, housing for incarcerated people the complexes are usually old, run down, poverty level housing so that they can afford the cost of living upon ending their sentence.
2 Collective efficacy means the tight social bonds between people for a common good goal. (Refer to multiple choice for that word-for-word definition) Overall, collective efficacy is apparent in high dollar neighborhoods. Where everybody knows each other. With immigration patterns in mind even in the low class neighborhoods where race was all the same for first generation people, crime is low because they know people have nothing.
3 I went to her office and she said we wouldn’t have to draw this curve. But she does want us to understand the overall relationship. Adolescent Limited and Life course persistent. The difference is there is a gradual decline in the 25 year range for limited offenders. On the other hand life course persistent
see to drag on their criminal activity over the years still with the gradual decline but it occurs over a longer time span.
4 Recidivism applies to women who are incarcerated because when they are exposed to their criminal boyfriends once they get out of jail, their reoffending rate goes back up. Low risk offenders still have this present too because if society isn’t giving the person a chance to prove they have bettered themselves, they are going to fall back into the old routine. I.E incarceration will most likely happen again for these people.