Studyguide for exam 3
Key terms and important people:
The roaring twenties- During this time republicans dominated. It was very different from the progressive era. Women’s rights movement became very prominent, and more powerful. There were more strict regulations on public policies, immigration, and political radicalism.
Harlem Renaissance- Cultural and social change that took place in Harlem, New York. It was called the “New Negro Movement”; There was an expansion of the African American culture in Northeast and Midwest America due to an increase in the African Americans into Harlem. Many black artists and other intellectuals gained popularity.
Gibson girl- The typical idea of how women should dress/look, i.e long dresses that covered skin, long hair, large hats and corset to slim down waists.
Flapper- Generation of women who broke against the norms of how women were expected to dress and act. They wore short, sometimes loose clothes, had bobbed hair, wore jewelry and makeup, drank and basically lived a more carefree life. This happened after the WW1 when regulation was more difficult. Women had then gained the right to vote and wanted equal rights as men. There was a rise on feminism, freedom, the desire for more rights, more mobility, technological improvement and disposable income.
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Prohibition- Volestead act was a popular name for the National Prohibition Act passed under the 18th amendment. It prohibited the consumption, manufacture, transport of alcohol, but it made sure enough was available for scientific experiments and religious purposes. However, there was a lot of corruption related to this. Priests would sell alcohol to people for money, and there were underground bars or clubs that sold alcohol illegally and mixed other juices with the alcohol to conceal the bad quality of the alcohol. People were now making their own alcohol at home which was very dangerous. Alcohol could be bought with a doctor’s prescription, in some cases. Don't forget about the age old question of what is enterotoxin?
Problems with Prohibition- I was difficult to enforce the law. People were used to alcohol and were not willing to give it up. People did not want to give it up because their religion did not restrict them from consuming alcohol, so they did not think it was necessary. Smuggling was a high profit business alcohol was always around.
Prohibition in borderlands- Many men and women go to Juarez and other borderlines because they had less regulation and people could drink and gamble there. It was a popular tourist site and people spent a lot of money there. If you want to learn more check out What is the bogey of epiphenomenalism?
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Consequences of prohibition- There was a rise in organized crime, people gave a lot of time and thought into planning of selling and buying of alcohol. There were more deaths related to alcohol since people tried to consume toxic, poor quality alcohol. Ordinary people were becoming criminals due to consumption.
The New Negro Movement- Popular during the Harlem Renaissance. African American culture was widely celebrated. It was against the practices of the Jim Crow segregation. It sought to revitalize the African American culture with pride and acceptance.
W.E.B Bois- A black intellectual who wrote the book “Souls of Black Folk” which was about the New Negro movement.
Marcus Garvey- A Jamaican born nationalist who was the leader of the group Pan Africanism and was in charge of a part of UNIA. He had a successful shipping company to which other white businesses showed a lot of resistance. He was convicted of Mail fraud without enough evidence and then deported to Jamaica.
Lynching- Reese Washington was a 14 year old boy who was convicted of raping the wife of his employer. He was lynched on the sole basis of his presence in the employer’s property at the time of the incident.
Ku Klux Klan- A group of white people who believed in White supremacy. In 1925, the members marched in front of the White House without their masks, carrying the flag of America with their slogan.