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UCONN - ANTH 1500 - anth 1500 week 10 - Class Notes

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UCONN - ANTH 1500 - anth 1500 week 10 - Class Notes

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background image Peopling of the new world Different models debate about migration:  Sea base, land base. Are proposed.  1. Sea faring. Not know early boat technique, not possible 2. Come from Europe 3. Through Beringia. The most common 4. Ice Free, people can travel through them 5. Coastal, trap fish, travel all the way down the coast.  Early thoughts on the peopling of the Americas… 15th century: Spanish described indigenous Americans as non-human / lost tribe of Israel.  Justify their goal , get land, to see if there is human.  By 1882: lgnatius Donnelly, Atlantis: the Antediluvian World (first described by plato).  He states that Antediluvian land bridge, home of earliest civilizations The land bridge connect the American and Europe. No way to connect.  Early thoughts on the peopling of the Americans .. 1908: Geroge Mckunkin. African-American cowboy, found animals in association with spear  point near Folsom, New Mexico. They were old. But not clear how old. Until   1926:  Jesse Figgins, (Colorado Museum of natural history) realized bones were from an extinct  form of plains bison.  The people being in American for a long time.  The Asian connection Biological evidence:  Christy Turner: north Asian populations and Native Americans have shoveled incisors  (Sinodonts)  mtDNA (Haplogroups) People from North Asian, Europe,  Linguistic evidence: Joseph Greenberg 3 language groups migrated to Americans ca. 11kya: Amerind, ca 9 kya. Na-Dene, ca 4 kya Eskimo-Aleut Evidence criticized Cultural evidence:  Tools and dwellings Similar types of lithics and material culture Beringia. When the water are low, the ice out, sea level drop more. People can walk cross Land-bridge between siberia (Asia) & laska (NA) Emerged periodically during glaciations Beringia: the bering land bridge Land bridge open: 75-45kya Dates debates 25-11 kya When the bridge closed, people can not walk through it, no remains  Ice-free Corridor.  Cold, people cannot hunt animals.  Environmental reconstruction  18 kya solid ice, no colonization 13 kya, less ice, but not very hospitable 11 kya, timing of overland migration dependent upon environmental factors Overland passage unlikely much before 12 kya
background image Paleo-Indians: Clovis. (A tribe name) The first native american groups Clovis points (fluted point) very difficult to make 11000 BP First find spot: clovis, NM (this is the name) Found  across N america, especially E of Mississippi The density of clovis points. People may come from east to west.  But from the population map now, the argue is not true, it may just because how often people  found it Pre-clovis americans Several sites older than 12000 BP Americas colonized during Wisconsin glaciation  40000+ years old Paisley cave, oregon Monte verde, chile.  Paisley cave, oregon Dry environment Poorly excavated in 1930s.   Dennis Jenkins: new excavations, university of Oregon The site locate just beneath the ice. Coprolites (ancient feces)dates to 14250 BP, can use to understand diet, sometimes have DNA DNA similar to Asians The 14C dating for this site. You get a date range.  Lithic assemblage:  No Clovis points Western stemmed tradition Meadowcroft Rock shelter, PA Exacvated by Jim Adovasio Radiocarbon: 16000 BP Dates controversial: contaminated carbon from local coal source.  Actually, it is not that old. Can use other things such as undergroud water to dates.  National register of historic places.  149 animal species recovered.  There are wide range of food: glyptodon, short-faced skunk, camels, and the giant behaver  Saber-footed cat, mammoths, and mastodons.  Megafauna extinction: 12700, BP Megafauna: adult body size > 97 lb Theories of extinction:  Hunted by spreading humans Climate change, they died out Spreading disease,  Impact from asteroid or comet.  We don’t know which is correct.  Monte Verde, chile 13kya The site tell us water level. Perfect organic material preserve. 1976: discovered by Tom  Dillehay Water logged  Excellent preservation Broad-spectrum foraging How did people get there? All on foot. 

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School: University of Connecticut
Department: Sociology
Course: Great Discoveries in Archaeology
Professor: Lucas Proctor
Term: Fall 2016
Name: anth 1500 week 10
Description: the peopling of american
Uploaded: 11/09/2017
3 Pages 8 Views 6 Unlocks
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