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UW - POLI SCI 104 - Midterm #2 - Study Guide

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UW - POLI SCI 104 - Midterm #2 - Study Guide

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background image Congress ­ Polarization: ­ Legislation is more commonly voted on party lines­ possibly suggesting party 
loyalty over public loyalty
­ Factors that make collective action difficult ­ What’s good for the institution is not always good for the individual ­ Insertion of pork barrel/earmarks into budget ­ Position taking (grandstanding) ­ Running against the institution ­ Local vs. national interests ­ Why Congress is Unpopular:  ­ Inefficient ­ Lack of national constituency ­ Unresponsive to public views ­ Promotion of local interests (pork­barrel) ­ Diffusion of accountability ­ Visibility of conflict ­ Members criticize institution Presidency
background image ­ Formal Power: (Ambiguous) ­ Constitutional Power: ­ Article II: Constitutional Powers ­ Executive Power (Appointment power, Obligation to faithfully 
execute law)
­ Military Power (Commander in Chief) ­ Diplomatic Power (Power to make treaties) ­ Legislative Power (The Veto) ­ Informal Power: ­ Bargaining Powers ­ Unilateral Executive Power: theory that the president controls all of the 
executive branch
­ Executive Power: ­ Very ambiguous in the constitution ­ What does the argument of “president shouldn’t make laws” mean? ­ Is there a way to square “energy in executive” with with the lack of clear powers 
of Article II?
­ Expectations vs. Reality: ­ Public expectation far exceeds the power of the President/federal government,  ­ Presidential Leadership of Public Opinion:  ­ Attempt to shape public debate ­ Public appeals ­ Permanent campaign ­ Tactical decisions ­ Presidential Approval: ­ Viewed as critical, but doesn’t make that much of a difference ­ Honeymoon effect ­ Economy ­ Rally effect ­ war ­ Why Presidential Power has Grown ­ To 1933­ Legislative Era ­ President is a clerk ­ Post New Deal  ­ Activist presidency ­ Expanded governmental power ­ Congressional delegation of powers ­ Institutional Presidency growth ­ President needs help  ­ Staffing  Courts ­ Role: ­ Power of Judicial Review:power of the courts to determine whether actions 
are/not consistent with Constitution  (not in constitution) 
background image ­ Role of the Courts in a democratic system: ­ Preside over federal criminal trials ­ Adjudicate disputes about the meaning and application of civil laws ­ Constitutionality review of executive, legislative, or state government 
­ Protect political minorities against majority action? ­ Check the power of government generally? ­ Protect and expand individual rights? ­ ?* ­ not explicitly stated in constitutional language ­ Different theories of constitutional Interpretation ­ Originalism: interpret the constitution according to what Framers generally
understood the language to mean at that time
­ Living Constitution: interpret constitution conceptually, allowing for 
revision according to historical and societal trends, according to the 
Judge’s personal views, or based on application of constitutional theory
Political Organizations ­ Definition:All political organizations are political, but not all organizations are political ­ Congressional caucus

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School: University of Wisconsin - Madison
Department: Political Science
Course: Introduction to American Politics and Government
Professor: Kenneth Mayer
Term: Spring 2015
Name: Midterm #2
Description: These notes cover the study guide through and through
Uploaded: 11/11/2017
10 Pages 52 Views 41 Unlocks
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