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UNO - NSCI 1050 - NSCI Final Exam study guide - Study Guide

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UNO - NSCI 1050 - NSCI Final Exam study guide - Study Guide

School: University of Nebraska at Omaha
Department: Natural science
Course: Science and Critical Thinking
Professor: James Wilson
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: final study guide, NSCI, and vampires
Name: NSCI Final Exam study guide
Description: The final exam covers Vampires, UFO history, UFO phenomena, Life in the Universe, ET, and abductions
Uploaded: 11/12/2017
0 5 3 79 Reviews
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background image Study Guide for Lectures (Test 4) Lecture 3.4 – Vampires What are the ancient beliefs about blood drinking 
creatures in various cultures?
-Usually demons, spirits, or devils
-Form of  undead creature
-Preyed upon human causing disease or death
Who was Vlad the Impaler and how is he related to the 
vampire legend?
-
1431-1476
-Severve torture is thought to have impacted his personality, 
making him a brutal leader and hating the Turks
-Ruled against the Ottoman Empire and its expansion
-Tens of thousands od victims; Dracula was named after Vlad’s 
patronymic
How did the Slavic culture contribute to the vampire 
legend?
-Person who died unnaturally
-Required second “killing”
-Characteristics of the Vampire Body:
Body not decomposed
Skin, Hair, Nails still growing
Blood in mouth
Fresh skin growth
Moaning when staked
How did Christianity affect the vampire legend?
-
Undead being living in cemetery
-Became the minions of Satan
-Blood drinking viewed as method to ingest evil
-Addition of Christian “facts”
Cross
Holy Water
Who was Plogojowitz and how is he related to the 
vampire legend
-
First Documented Case
-Died 10 weeks prior
-9 people died within a week of each other
-Some had said Peter came to them in their sleep
-Exhumed Peter
No odor, body fresh, hair and nail growth, new skin under  old skin, blood in mouth Who was Paole and how is he related to the vampire 
legend
-
Serbian ex-soldier died accidentally
background image -4 more people died a month later
-Stated that Arnold sucked blood from victims
-Exhumed his body
Not decomposed as thought
Blood in mouth, ears and nose
Old skin fell off, new skin under
Body groaned when staked
Finally cremated body
-Medical Examiner’s Observations: Bodies all showed signs of fresh blood
Various states of decay, but showing minimal decay
Victims of vampire, become vampires
Some bodies dug up by dogs
Red color of “new” skin
Who was De Tournefort and how is he related to the 
vampire legend
-
French Botanist observed dissection of vampire on Greek island 
of Mykonos
Peasant had been killed in the fields, became vampire
Body exhumed to re-kill
-Strong odor of death
-Fresh blood
-No rigor mortis
-Body was slightly warm
Heart removed and staked What is the classic vampire motif associated with the 
vampire legend
-Vampirism occurs in epidemics
-Sudden death occurs
-Suffocation of victims
-Corpse is not decomposed
-Stench of death, or not
-Fresh blood on corpse
-Staking corpse produces blood or noise
-Dogs observed around corpse
What is mistaken burial and how is this associated with 
the vampire legend?
-
Medical conditions make people appear dead and they are 
buried mistakenly while actually still alive
-Example: vegetable state or in a coma, come out of it and are in
a coffin
-Vampires region all say that the body was buried for weeks to 
months and no living person could survive that long without 
food, water, or air
background image What is porphyria burial and how is this associated with 
the vampire legend?
-Inherited disorder that has non-normal enzymes involved in the 
production of hemes in blood and produce unusual skin disorders
-Blisters and blotches are found on the skin and necrosis (tissue 
death) of the gums and skin are found
-Related to sun exposure, causing them to be worse
What is spontaneous generation? -Life could form spontaneously
-Louis Pasteur did experiment to show that life came from other 
life and did not come into existence out of thin air
-He put growth media in flasks, one with a curved neck, one 
open to the air
-Only the curved neck, which does not allow bacteria to enter the
flask
-When the neck is removed the bottle is exposed to air directly, 
bacteria falls in and begins growing, spoiling, and growth media
-Look at slide for picture
What are the stages of biological decomposition? -Fresh Begins immediately after death
Blood drains to lowest point
-Purple-bluish bruise from blood Cells begin lysing -May cause blistering Very little visible change to body
Anaerobic microbes begin growing
Rigor Mortis
-Bloat Gasses released from anaerobic microbes inflate body
Pressure from bloat pushed liquids out tubes
-Mouth, nose, ears, anus Changes in hemoglobin cause new coloration of body -Reddish marbled color Maggots appear skin may rupture
Strong odor
-Active Decay Increases mass loss -Insect feeding
-Chemical breakdown
Fluids accumulate in substrate around body
Tissues liquefy
Strong odor
Cadaver Decomposition Island
-Advanced Decay
background image Suply of tissure almost gone
Insect activity nearly gone
Vegetation grows surrounding body
Soil has different chemical compostition
-Increased N, P, K, Ca, Mg
-Phosphorus, potatssium, calcium, magnesium, 
increase in soil nitrogen
-Dry Remains
Only remains are: -Dry skin
-Bones
-Cartilage
`What is rigor mortis and how is it related to calcium and 
muscles
-Condition that follows death
-Muscles become stiff
-Stiffness begins 3-4 hours after death
-Maximal stiffness reached-12 hours
-Stiffness remains 48-60 hours
-Historically body is buried before 60 hours
-Relaxation phase not historically observed 
-When the body dies muscle is full of ATP and is soft/pliable
-Following death, oxygen is no longer taken into the body and 
ATP cannot be made
According to legend, what methods are used to 
supposedly kill a “vampire”
-Staking Magical: Types of wood varies -Ash: Northern Russia, Baltic
-Hawthorne: Serbia
-Oak: Silesia
-Rose: Gypsies
Mechanical Sharp things just like the living can harm vampires
Preventative Staking
-Thorns
-Nails
-Disposal in Desolate Area Russians would dispose of vampire bodies in remote areas
Water disposal was common
-The soul is thought to be hydrophilic
-Water would trap the soul
High cost to this practice -Decapitation Head is cut off with a spade
Placed at the feet, separated by dirt
background image Tends to be bloody -Blood from corpse in dark
-Viewed as:
Bad-Blood brings curse
Good-Blood wards off vampires 
-Cremation The ultimate death for vampires
Vampire bodies are known to be hard to burn
Cremation is expensive and unpleasant 
Body is high in water content
Intense heat needed to burn body
Large amount of fuel to provide heat
-1,700 ft^3 of gas
-180 KWH to reach temp
-24 gallons of oil
Contact between body and ground prevents burning  What are apotropaics?  Know some examples of these 
apotropaics
-Methods to turn evil away 
-Protect oneself from evil like a vampire and usually comes in 2 
forms:
Those that prevent vampires from forming in the first place
Those that protect you from a vampire that has already 
formed
-Preventing formation
Placing object with the dead: -Satisfies dead so it doesn’t want to return
-Make it incapable of returning
-Stop demonic forces from attempts to interfere with 
corpse
-Placing Objects with Dead
Placing the object in the mouth: -Coins for Charon
-Pottery Shards
-Keeping the mouth closed
-Crosses or paper with “Jesus Conquers”
Putting granular objects in grave -Poppy seeds
-Salt
-Sand
-Millet
Placing numerous knots in the grave
Candle, Coin, or Towel with Body
Burial Precautions (not on study guide but there were 
slides so I added it)
-Burying a person face down

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School: University of Nebraska at Omaha
Department: Natural science
Course: Science and Critical Thinking
Professor: James Wilson
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: final study guide, NSCI, and vampires
Name: NSCI Final Exam study guide
Description: The final exam covers Vampires, UFO history, UFO phenomena, Life in the Universe, ET, and abductions
Uploaded: 11/12/2017
24 Pages 61 Views 48 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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