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UCONN - ANTH 1500 - ANTH 1500, week 8 notes - Class Notes

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UCONN - ANTH 1500 - ANTH 1500, week 8 notes - Class Notes

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Types of underwater sites Submerged settlements (Ohalo 2) Shipwrecks Current focus on Maritime and Nautical archeology All remains incredibly observed due to anaerobic conditions George Bass Developed standardized techniques for excavating shipwrecks in 1960s Late Bronze age wreck at Cape Gelidonya Underwater archeology at UCONN Kroum Batchvarov at Avery Point Ulu Burun: near Kas, Turkey Site discovered in 1982 by Mehmet Cakir Lies 45 m under Excavated 1984­1994 by George Bass and Cemal Pulak Merchant ship Dendrochronology suggests ca. 1375 BC Based on designs seem Egyptian tomb paintings, believed to be of Syrian or 
origin
24 large anchors Oldes known wooden diptch with ivory hinge Conservation method Important component of excavation In situ preservation Once brought to the surface, many substances rapidly decay and require 
conservation
Removal of accretions Leaching of salts Uluburun 2 Reconstructed wreck Used to create archeology park for divers RMS Titanic RMS ­ royal mail ship Largest passenger sea ship in the world in 1912 Sunk of maiden voyage, 14 April 1912 Discovered by Robert Ballard in 1985 Heritage RMS Titanic Inc: authorized to salvage the wreck by Virginia Admiralty Court Permanent Titanic exhibition: Luxor Las Vegas hotel Replica of ship: Sichuan, China, luxury hotel with simulation of sinking This weekend (Sat/Sun 10am3pm): Windham Historical Society, Titanic exhibit, 
Jillian House, Willimantic
Treasure hunters International waters: law of salvage (finders compensated) Military vessels: owned by government
background image Ethics: ownership of finds in High Seas 11/10 Peopling of Americans 15th Century: Spanish described Indigenous Americans as nonhuman/Lost Tribe
of Israel
1882: Ignatius Donnelly, Atlantis: The Antediluvian World (first described by 
Plato)
Antediluvian land bridge, home of earliest civilization 1908: George McJunkin, African­American cowboy, found animals in association 
with spear point near Folsom, NM
1926: Jesse Figgins, Colorado Museum of Natural History realized bones were 
from an extinct form of plains bison
The Asian connection Biological evidence Christy Turner (dental): north Asian populations and native Americans have 
shoveled incisors
mtDNA Linguistic evidence: Joseph Greenberg 3 language groups migrated to Americas ca. 11 Kya: Amerind, ca. 9 Kya Na­Dene, ca. 4 Kya Eskimo­Aleut Evidence criticized Cultural evidence: tools and dwellings Similar types of lithics and material culture Beringia ­ land bridge between Siberia (Asia) and Alaska (NA)Beringia ­ land Paleo­Indians: Clovis Historically seen as first culture Clovis points (fluted point) ~11,000 BP First find spot: Clovis, NM Found across N America, especially E of Mississippi Pre­Clovis Americans? Several sites older than 12,000 BP Americas colonized during Wisconsin glaciation, 40,000+ years ago? Paisley Caves, Oregon Monte Verde, Chile Meadowcroft Rock Shelter, PA Excavated by: Jim Adovasio Radiocarbon: 16,000 B.P. (some 19,000 B.P.!) Dates controversial: contaminated carbon from local coal source?  National Register of Historic Places 149 animal species recovered Megafauna extinction: 12,700 BP Megafauna: adult body size >97lb

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School: University of Connecticut
Department: Sociology
Course: Greatest Discoveries in Archeology
Professor: Alexia Smith
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: underwater, Shipwrecks, and ANTH
Name: ANTH 1500, week 8 notes
Description: Under water archeology and peopling of America
Uploaded: 11/12/2017
3 Pages 6 Views 4 Unlocks
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