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Clemson - PSYC 2010 - Psychology 2010 Week 13 Notes - Class Notes

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Schools > Clemson University > Psychology > PSYC 2010 > Clemson - PSYC 2010 - Psychology 2010 Week 13 Notes - Class Notes

Clemson - PSYC 2010 - Psychology 2010 Week 13 Notes - Class Notes

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background image Psychology 2010:
Week 13 Notes
Chapter 14: Criteria of Abnormal Behavior: how do you define normal behavior? Most Important: 1. Dysfunctional – can you hold a job, can you get up in the  mornings, can you live life a. Maladaptive behavior
b. MOST IMPORTANT
2. Deviance (from the mean on a normal curve)
3. Distress – do you suffer personal distress (crying 6 hours a 
day) a. Also important 4. Danger – SOMETIMES (disorders do not cause you to  directly go up and hurt people) Problems with Criteria o Problems with deviance – where do we draw the line, high  IQs are abnormal Hate to think being different gives you a disorder o Problems with dysfunctional – fear of flying planes is  dysfunctional but does it make you abnormal? Continuum: not black and white, normal vs. abnormal o Some of the criteria are value judgments Medical Model: useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease 
(saying useful not a good idea for labeling people)
Diagnosis – distinguish one disease from another o The “what” is your disorder Etiology – apparent causation and development o The “why” do you have the disorder Biopsychosocial – at least a small biological component, a 
psychological component, and a social part (how were you 
raised/how people treat you)
DSM: book that has all the psychological disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Original/Current: o Original – 100 disorders Very vague o Current – DSM 5, improved version Improved diagnostic guidelines Must meet guidelines to be diagnosed  Still only about 70% agreement
background image Up to 400-500 disorders  About ½ the population in their life will have a 
disorder
No longer an anomaly  Personal Application 526-527 Anxiety Disorders: marked by anxiety and apprehension (20% of the 
population)
1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder: chronic high level anxiety not tied  a specific threat a. Used to think of it as free floating (weren’t anxious about  anything, just out there floating around) b. Basically now it is that you are anxious about everything  2. Panic Disorder: overwhelming attacks of anxiety a. Unexpected
b. Recurrent 
3. Agoraphobia: fear of places where it is hard to escape a panic  attack a. Escape or get help for
b. From the Greek word for marketplace
c. Used to be a specific phobia but now a symptom of panic 
disorder i. Not a real phobia 4. Specific Phobias: persistent and irrational fear that presents no  real danger a. Mild phobias a common (not diagnosed) 5. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): extreme fear of being judged by  others a. So bad that you avoid social situations Etiology of Anxiety Disorders: o Genetic disposition
o Neurochemical factors
o Cognitive factors – some people just look at the world as 
more fearful or more stressful o Stress can trigger
o For phobias – conditioning and learning
Get the phobia through classical Maintain it through operant Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders: Malingering vs. Psychosomatic: o Malingering – faking it
o Psychosomatic – real disease that has psychological origin

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School: Clemson University
Department: Psychology
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: Edwin Brainerd
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Intro to Psychology and Psychology
Name: Psychology 2010 Week 13 Notes
Description: These notes cover what will be on the final exam
Uploaded: 11/20/2017
3 Pages 24 Views 19 Unlocks
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