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UH - PSYC 1300 - Final Study Guide - Study Guide

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UH - PSYC 1300 - Final Study Guide - Study Guide

School: University of Houston
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Herb Agan
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Name: Final Study Guide
Description: Final Study Guide
Uploaded: 11/21/2017
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background image Mental ​ ​Illness  Classical ​ ​understandings   ● Early ​ ​greek​ ​literature​ ​and​ ​mythology  ● Drama 
● Greco-roman
​ ​customs  ● Idea ​ ​of​ ​melancholy​ ​genius​ ​-​ ​Plato​ ​and​ ​Aristotle   
Early
​ ​Medicalization  ● Hippocrates: ​ ​natural​ ​explanation​ ​for​ ​epilepsy  ● Do ​ ​weird​ ​stuff​ ​like​ ​cutting​ ​people​ ​open​ ​to​ ​get​ ​bad​ ​blood​ ​out   
Madness
​ ​as​ ​Heresy   ● Reformation ​ ​and​ ​counter-reformation  ● Witch ​ ​hunts​ ​-​ ​skepticism​ ​of​ ​witchcraft  ● Comparisons ​ ​between​ ​religious​ ​extremists​ ​and​ ​mentally​ ​ill   
Thomas
​ ​Willis:​ ​thought​ ​of​ ​the​ ​term​ ​neurologie   
Enlightenment
​ ​europe  ● Psychopathology 
● Pathologization
​ ​of​ ​religion​ ​in​ ​general   
Reason
​ ​and​ ​rationality  ● Rene ​ ​descartes:​ ​dualism,​ ​mind​ ​and​ ​body​ ​disconnect  ● Thomas ​ ​Hobbes:​ ​materialistic​ ​worldview  ● John ​ ​Locke:​ ​insanity​ ​delusional:​ ​caused​ ​by​ ​faulty​ ​cognitive   
Fashionable
​ ​melancholy  ​ ​Privilege​ ​to​ ​have​ ​mental​ ​disorder    Psychopharmacology    ● Study ​ ​of​ ​how​ ​drugs​ ​affect​ ​behavior  ○ Any ​ ​substance​ ​that​ ​affects​ ​the​ ​brain​ ​can​ ​be​ ​considered​ ​a​ ​drug,​ ​caffeine,​ ​cocaine,  alcohol  ● Psychoactive: ​ ​drug​ ​that​ ​changes​ ​mood  ● Agonists: ​ ​increase​ ​neuron​ ​activity   ● Antagonists: ​ ​decrease​ ​neuron​ ​activity    
Neurotransmitter 
● Acetylcholine: ​ ​Alzheimer's  ● Dopamine: ​ ​parkinson’s​ ​and​ ​Schizophrenia,​ ​reward​ ​circuits  ● Norepinephrine: ​ ​depression 
background image ● Serotonin: ​ ​Depression,​ ​aggression,​ ​schizophrenia  ● Glutamate: ​ ​learning  ● GABA: ​ ​epilepsy,​ ​anxiety​ ​disorder,​ ​drinking​ ​causes​ ​GABA  ● Endogenous ​ ​opioids:​ ​analgesia,​ ​pain,​ ​reward   
Pharmacokinetics:
​ ​action​ ​of​ ​the​ ​drug​ ​through​ ​the​ ​body,​ ​including​ ​absorption,​ ​distribution,  metabolism, ​ ​and​ ​excretion   
Oral
​ ​administration:​ ​most​ ​slow​ ​and​ ​variable​ ​method,​ ​eaten​ ​or​ ​swallowed  ● Inhalation 
● Intravenous:
​ ​Injected   
Administration:
​ ​speed​ ​with​ ​which​ ​a​ ​drug​ ​impacts​ ​the​ ​brain​ ​is​ ​important  ● Cues ​ ​for​ ​drug​ ​use  ● Stronger ​ ​when​ ​you​ ​feel​ ​it​ ​quicker    
Distribution:
​ ​usually​ ​happens​ ​through​ ​bloodstream  ● Inhaling ​ ​or​ ​injecting​ ​gets​ ​to​ ​bloodstream​ ​faster   
Metabolism:
​ ​breakdown​ ​of​ ​drugs,​ ​affects​ ​how​ ​we​ ​absorb​ ​and​ ​are​ ​helped​ ​by​ ​drugs  ● Happens ​ ​in​ ​liver  ● Aided ​ ​by​ ​enzymes​ ​allowing​ ​a​ ​chemical​ ​reaction  ● Tolerance: ​ ​needing​ ​to​ ​take​ ​more​ ​of​ ​a​ ​drug​ ​to​ ​get​ ​the​ ​same​ ​effect  ● Metabolic ​ ​tolerance:​ ​when​ ​liver​ ​produces​ ​more​ ​enzymes​ ​to​ ​break​ ​down​ ​more​ ​of​ ​a  substance  ● Issues ​ ​related​ ​to​ ​psychotropic​ ​drugs  ○ Foods ​ ​interfere  ■ Alcohol 
■ Grapefruit 
■ Dairy 
■ Sometimes
​ ​on​ ​an​ ​empty​ ​stomach​ ​promotes​ ​best​ ​absorption  ● Excretion: ​ ​getting​ ​drugs​ ​out​ ​of​ ​body    ● Psychotropic ​ ​drugs:​ ​used​ ​to​ ​treat​ ​anxiety,​ ​depression,​ ​and​ ​other​ ​illness  ● Combination ​ ​of​ ​treatment​ ​and​ ​therapy​ ​is​ ​most​ ​effective  ● Some ​ ​antidepressants​ ​work​ ​for​ ​people​ ​and​ ​some​ ​do​ ​not  ● Drug ​ ​may​ ​reduce​ ​symptoms​ ​but​ ​problem​ ​is​ ​still​ ​there   ● 1 ​ ​out​ ​of​ ​5​ ​children​ ​has​ ​a​ ​psychological​ ​disorder   
Issues 
● Most ​ ​drugs​ ​have​ ​not​ ​been​ ​done​ ​among​ ​children  ● Brain ​ ​is​ ​still​ ​maturing​ ​through​ ​mid​ ​twenties,​ ​providing​ ​drugs​ ​to​ ​a​ ​growing​ ​brain​ ​is​ ​not  recommended 

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School: University of Houston
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Herb Agan
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Name: Final Study Guide
Description: Final Study Guide
Uploaded: 11/21/2017
4 Pages 30 Views 24 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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