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Ancient Greece and Rome Final Study Guide*NOTE: This study guide isn’t complete! Our last quiz bowl (which covers the comprehensive part) will be the class before the final but it would be pretty mean of me to post that late and onlygive you two days to study. Don’t worry, I won’t leave you hanging. I’ll post my own prediction so you can base your studying on that~ How the test works: The test will have 3 essay questions about the second half of the semester (everything after the midterm) and 3 essay questions about the entire semester We will have to pick 1 for each categoryThere is no set length on our responses. We just need to be able to answer everything thoroughlyHow this study guide works: Rather than just posting the essay questions and flooding you with information, I’m goingto post the questions asked in class on Quiz Bowl days and the answers given. They’re short and get to the point but obviously you’ll need more if you’re going to writean essay answer. So I suggest you take these answers and use them as a focal point on what you need to study. How to study: Pick the 2 topics you feel most confident about in each category. This way you’ll definitely know at least 1 topic. Study the quiz bowl answers. Think about how you can stretch those answers out into a short essay (it might help if youlook at the test questions that are posted on Moodle).
Take breaks (the mind will retain information better this way!), drink something nice and warm, eat yummy snacks, and look at happy stuff online. I promise that if you take things slowly and follow these steps, you won’t freak out as much Quiz Bowl 1One geographical advantage that helped lead to the rise of Romeo It was on 7 hills which provided defense. o They were close to Greeks and Etruscans which gave them knowledgeo They were close enough to the sea so they could engage in trade but far enough sothey could see raidersGive a cultural trait that lead to the rise of Rome o They were devoted to family which helped them strive towards greatness o They were pragmatists, tough, courageous, self disciplined, persistent, pious, patriotic, and had a sense of invincibility (know only 3 or 4). Give an example of a myth that the Romans gave their children so they would learn thesevirtues (You need to know one or two. I will provide the TLDR version of the one myth Iknow best)o The story of Romulus and Remus gave Rome a heroic past: Refugees from the Greek city Troy settled in Italy under the aid of, Aeneas, the son of a Trojan aristocrat and Venus (Aphrodite). Rhea and Mars (Ares) were the parents of the twins Romulus and Remus. Rhea’s father was mad because she was a priestess sworn to chastity and didn’t believe Mars was the father. He left the babies in the wild to die when a wolf found them. The wolf suckled them until a herdsman found them and raised themWhen they grew up, they wanted to build a city but fought over where to do so. Romulus traced the outlines of his with his plow at the site they were abandoned as babies. Remus mocks his brother who kills him (over what and how varies) o Horatius at the Bridge taught bravery
o Cincinnatus gave up power after defeating enemies. o Manlius showed that following the law was more important that victoryo Regulus taught honesty Name one political reform that contributed to the success of the Roman republico The tribunes were elected by the people in order to protect their interests. They could veto the Senate laws, protect citizens from punishmento There was a written set of laws o There was a councilmen who was a plebian o They abolishment of imprisonment/slavery for debto New offices were created and opened for the plebeianso The power to create laws was transferred from the Senate to the popular assemblies Question 2Name one way in which the rapid expansion of the Roman territory across the Mediterranean lead to the decline of the republic?o The aristocrats got greedy from buying land. The people were moved off their farms for military. They had to move to Rome and work for the wealthy. This caused a class problem.o The Senate becomes more powerful because the popular assemblies become too large to make fast decisions. o The Punic Curse is the corruption the wealth led toWho were Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus? o They both wanted to take land from the aristocrats and give it to the public to help the small farmers. Gaius also wanted to get citizenship for the Italians. They were murdered by the SenateWho lead the plebeians and who lead the patricians in the first civil waro Marius led the plebeianso Sulla led the patriciansWhat happened in the first civil war?o Sulla was called to the east to put down a rebellion of nonRomans and Marius uses his absence to take over Rome and kill his supporters.
o When Sulla returns, he kills a lot of people, becomes a temporary dictator, rewrites the constitution to give power to the Senate, and retires. Who lead the plebeians and who lead the patricians in the second civil war?o Caesar leads the plebeians o Pompey lead the patricians What happens during the second civil war?o Caesar was ordered to disband his army and come back to Rome without it but instead he comes back with it. This forces Pompey to flee. o He defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and becomes dictator and is later assassinatedWho lead the plebeians and who lead the patricians in the third civil war?o It wasn’t a fight of plebeians and patricians o It was Octavian vs. Antony What happens during the third civil war?o They were allied but turn on each other due to ambitiono Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra’s navy at Actium. The two flee back to Egypt and commit suicide. o Octavian becomes the first emperor and renames himself to Augustus Quiz Bowl 2Question 1 (only know one of each)What was the Pax Romana?o A long period of no wars within the inner provincesHow did the Romans establish and unprecedented degree of prosperity throughout the empire?o Well maintained roadso Free tradeo Security from foreign invasiono Law and ordero Sound coinageName a Roman achievement in administration.o They allowed local areas to keep their government
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Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of Louisiana at Lafayette who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Course: Ancient Greece and Rome
Professor: Carl Richard
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: Greece, Ancient Greece, ancientrome, Rome, romanempire, and university of louisiana at lafayette
Name: Ancient Greece and Rome Final Study Guide
Description: This is the study guide for the final exam