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Texas Political InstitutionsQualifications and TermsCurrent MakeupTexas Houseo 95 Republicanso 55 DemocratsSignificant change from 2008, which was near evenly split by partyTexas Senateo 20 Republicanso 11 DemocratsAn Amateur Legislature“Citizen Legislators”Meet for 140 days every other yearo Less time in office, means less knowledge and expertiseHigh turnoverLow compensation: $7,200/year plus $125 per diemo California: $100,000/yearo Rhode Island: $300/yearOrganization of Texas LegislaturePresiding Officers—similar to US Congresso Speaker in Houseo Lt. Governor in the SenateCommittees—similar to US Congresso Standing committees and subcommittees—policy specific and permanento Ad hoc committees—temporaryo Conference committeesSome Powers of Presiding OfficersAppoint committee members, committee chairs, and refer bills to committeesSchedule legislation for floor votesRecognize members on the floor for amendments, etc.Interpret procedural rulesTexas HouseoUS CitizenoQualified Votero21 years oldoResidence in state for two years; district for one year2 year terms150 membersTexas SenateoUS CitizenoQualified Votero26 years oldoResidence in state for five years; district for one year4 year terms31 members
Overall, much power centralized in hands of presiding officersHow a Bill Becomes a LawIntroduced in either HouseAssign bill to a committeeo Committees and subcommittees hear and “mark up” bills; sent to floor if majority supportFloor voteSent to other House to repeat this stepsConference committee: compromise billFinal passage: support from both Houses of compromise billSigned by GovernorLegislative RedistrictingRedistricting (post2010 census) increases Texas congressional delegation from 32 to 36 seatsRedistricting bill may begin in either house of state legislatureo If the legislature fails to redistrict the house or senate during the regular session orthe plans are found invalid, the Legislative Redistricting Board (LRB) is given redistricting authoritySpecial Session or Court Action if congressionaldistricts not passed in regular sessionNote that (LRB) redistricts state districts if legislature fails to do soFormal Requirements for GovernorUS Citizen30 years oldResident of state of Texas for 5 years prior to Election Dayo Compensation: $115,345/yearTerms and Tenure4 year term, with no term limito Although most recent governors have served about 2 terms (if reelected once)Removal by Impeachmento Majority vote in the Houseo 2/3 vote to convict in the SenateSuccessiono If, for any reason, the governor leaves office, the Lt. Governor becomes governor for the rest of the elected term.Governor’s Powers of InfluenceVeto, overridden by 2/3 in both Houseso No pocket veto
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School: University of North Texas
Department: Political Science
Course: US and Texas Constitutions and Institutions
Professor: Gloria Cox
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: house, Senate, Bureaucracy, texas, Government, and Politics
Name: Texas Political Institutions
Description: Political institutions and bureaucracies in Texas.