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UNT - PSCI 2306 - Class Notes - Week 13

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UNT - PSCI 2306 - Class Notes - Week 13

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background image Texas Political Institutions Qualifications and Terms Current Makeup Texas House o 95 Republicans o 55 Democrats Significant change from 2008, which was near evenly split by party Texas Senate o 20 Republicans o 11 Democrats An Amateur Legislature “Citizen Legislators” Meet for 140 days every other year o Less time in office, means less knowledge and expertise High turnover Low compensation: $7,200/year plus $125 per diem o California: $100,000/year o Rhode Island: $300/year Organization of Texas Legislature Presiding Officers—similar to US Congress o Speaker in House o Lt. Governor in the Senate Committees—similar to US Congress o Standing committees and subcommittees—policy specific and permanent o Ad hoc committees—temporary o Conference committees Some Powers of Presiding Officers Appoint committee members, committee chairs, and refer bills to committees Schedule legislation for floor votes Recognize members on the floor for amendments, etc. Interpret procedural rules Texas House o US Citizen o Qualified Voter o 21 years old o Residence in state for two 
years; district for one year
2 year terms 150 members Texas Senate o US Citizen o Qualified Voter o 26 years old o Residence in state for five  years; district for one year 4 year terms 31 members
background image Overall, much power centralized in hands of presiding officers How a Bill Becomes a Law Introduced in either House Assign bill to a committee o Committees and subcommittees hear and “mark up” bills; sent to floor if majority  support Floor vote Sent to other House to repeat this steps Conference committee: compromise bill Final passage: support from both Houses of compromise bill Signed by Governor Legislative Redistricting Redistricting (post­2010 census) increases Texas congressional delegation from 32 to 36 
seats
Redistricting bill may begin in either house of state legislature o If the legislature fails to redistrict the house or senate during the regular session or the plans are found invalid, the Legislative Redistricting Board (LRB) is given 
redistricting authority
Special Session or Court Action if congressional districts not passed in regular session Note that (LRB) redistricts state districts if legislature fails to do so Formal Requirements for Governor US Citizen 30 years old Resident of state of Texas for 5 years prior to Election Day o Compensation: $115,345/year Terms and Tenure 4 year term, with no term limit o Although most recent governors have served about 2 terms (if reelected once) Removal by Impeachment o Majority vote in the House o 2/3 vote to convict in the Senate Succession o If, for any reason, the governor leaves office, the Lt. Governor becomes governor  for the rest of the elected term. Governor’s Powers of Influence Veto, overridden by 2/3 in both Houses o No pocket veto

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School: University of North Texas
Department: Political Science
Course: US and Texas Constitutions and Institutions
Professor: Gloria Cox
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: house, Senate, Bureaucracy, texas, Government, and Politics
Name: Texas Political Institutions
Description: Political institutions and bureaucracies in Texas.
Uploaded: 11/28/2017
4 Pages 45 Views 36 Unlocks
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