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UTSA - POLS 1133 - Study Guide - Final

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UTSA - POLS 1133 - Study Guide - Final

School: University of Texas at San Antonio
Department: Political Science
Course: Texas Politics and Society
Professor: Badih Elarba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: POL 1133 Final Study Guide
Description: Final study guide w/ questions from chapter 5/10/11
Uploaded: 11/30/2017
0 5 3 54 Reviews
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background image TX Politics & Society Final Review Chapters 5/10/11 WHAT DO STATE GOVERNMENTS REGULATE AND WHAT IS UNDER THE  AUTHORITY OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT? ­  State governments regulate  life/property/auto insurance, the court system, professions and occupations, public utility,  labor law, the environment (including land use); the legislative, executive, and judicial 
branches are under the authority of the federal government
  PROFESSIONAL LICENSING AND RIGHT­TO­WORK LAWS­  Right to work:  legislation stipulation that a person cannot be denied employment because of membership  or non­membership in a labor union or other labor organization; Professional association­ 
members typically hold a
 professional license issued by the state, and the state regulates  their scope of practice 
 
WELFARE SPENDING IN TEXAS­  Welfare Spending Limit: the state cannot spend  more than 1%  of the state budget during any two year period on assistance to or behalf of  needy dependent children and their caretakers; TX spends less than most other states on 
welfare programs; 2013­ Tx spent $30.8 billion
  THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT­ aka Obamacare: reform health care and extend  coverage to more Americans   THE COST OF K­12 EDUCATION IN TEXAS­  Texas pays for part of the cost; 2014­ 2015 Texas paid 41% of the cost   TUITION “DEREGULATION” IN 2003­  a decision by the state legislature to allow  state colleges and universities to set the rate of tuition charged to students
 
THE PERMANENT UNIVERSITY FUND­  money set aside in the state constitution to benefit UT and Texas A&M   HOPWOOD V. TEXAS­  1996, limited the use of racial quotas in selecting law students  at UT Austin
 
background image LAWRENCE V. TEXAS­  the supreme court declared antisodomy laws unconstitutional  in 2003 
 
PLYER V. DOE­  A revision of the Texas education laws in 1975 allowed the state to  withhold from local school districts state funds for educating children of illegal aliens
 
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TRIAL AND APPELATE COURTS­ Trial­ local, judges  preside, citizens participate (jury), primarily concerned with est. facts; Appellate­  centralized; higher­level courts that decide on points of law and not questions of guilt or 
innocence 
  COURT OF CRIMINAL APPEALS­  the highest court in Texas for criminal matters   HOW ARE SUPREME COURT JUSTICES SELECTED?­  Partisan election   THE 14 TH  AMENDMENT­  rights of citizens: 1)all persons born in the united states are  granted citizenship, 2) no state can deny any person the equal protection of the laws, 3)no 
state can deny any person life, liberty, property without due process of law
  RACIAL/ETHNIC BREAKDOWN OF TEXAS INMATES­  racial/ethnic minorities  make up a disproportionate percentage of prison and jail populations; 31.7% white, 34.7% 
African American, 33.1% Hispanic
  THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM SERVES 3 BROAD PURPOSES:   rehabilitation, deterrence, and punishment
 
EXECUTION IN TEXAS­  death penalty; currently the leading state in terms of the  number of death sentenced handed out and the number of prisoners executed; Texas  accounts for 37% of the country's executions 
 
PRO BONO­  pro bono publico , "for the public good"; free or reduced­fee legal  representation 
 
FURMAN V. GEORGIA (1972)­  death penalty was suspended; A revision of the Texas  education laws in 1975 allowed the state to withhold from local school districts state funds 
for educating children of illegal aliens 
  CRIME RATES IN TEXAS­  most crimes are committed in larger states; more than  80% of the population lives in metropolitan areas; 20% of people younger than 18 are 
arrested for crimes, and 73% of all persons arrested for crime are male; African Americans 
constitute about 30% of persons arrested for crime
 

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School: University of Texas at San Antonio
Department: Political Science
Course: Texas Politics and Society
Professor: Badih Elarba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: POL 1133 Final Study Guide
Description: Final study guide w/ questions from chapter 5/10/11
Uploaded: 11/30/2017
3 Pages 40 Views 32 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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