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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - Study Guide - Final

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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - Study Guide - Final

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background image Chicano  10A Final Quiz  Definitions ​ ​and​ ​short​ ​answers​ ​(from​ ​entire​ ​quarter)   1 ​ ​hour   Need ​ ​blue​ ​book    Definitions ​ ​and​ ​Terms:  Intersectionality:  Definition:   A ​ ​way​ ​to​ ​understand​ ​related​ ​systems​ ​of​ ​oppression​ ​and​ ​a​ ​way​ ​of​ ​seeing​ ​power​ ​as  multidimensional; ​ ​a​ ​matrix   a. Kimberle  Williams ​​ Crenshaw​​ ​created​ ​theory   Significance:  
Multiple
​ ​oppressions​ ​(​ ​Race,​ ​gender,​ ​ethnicity,​ ​class,​ ​etc.​ ​)​ ​can​ ​interrelate,​ ​reflects​ ​the  intersection ​ ​of​ ​multiple​ ​forms​ ​of​ ​discrimination​ ​which​ ​affects​ ​one​ ​place​ ​in​ ​society​ ​and​ ​how​ ​one​ ​is  viewed ​ ​in​ ​society.   ● Intersectional   Resistance:   ​​ The   action   of   resistance   to   oppression   through   an  intersectional   lense    ​​ This ​ ​is​ ​viewed​ ​as​ ​celebrating​ ​the​ ​shared​ ​spaces​ ​that​ ​we​ ​are​ ​apart​ ​of​ ​to​ ​create​ ​a​ ​common  community. ​ ​Through​ ​this​ ​community​ ​there​ ​is​ ​the​ ​ability​ ​to​ ​work​ ​forward​ ​from​ ​the​ ​issues​ ​and  challenges ​ ​facing​ ​these​ ​communities.  Example:    
​ ​LA​ ​CAN​ ​(Community​ ​Action​ ​Network): 
Tackles
​ ​multiple​ ​levels​ ​of​ ​the​ ​community.   #1: ​ ​Systemic​ ​→​ ​​ ​policy​ ​change​ ​on​ ​city​ ​levels   #2: ​ ​Individual​ ​→​ ​​ ​provide​ ​services​ ​for​ ​the​ ​homeless    Here ​ ​we​ ​used​ ​intersectionality​ ​to​ ​look​ ​at​ ​the​ ​ways​ ​in​ ​which​ ​we​ ​can​ ​move​ ​forward​ ​by​ ​helping  each ​ ​other​ ​as​ ​we​ ​often​ ​face​ ​the​ ​same​ ​issues.​ ​Brown​ ​and​ ​Black​ ​people​ ​moving​ ​forward​ ​to​ ​help  each ​ ​other.  ● Intersectional   Oppression: ​​   ​​ Due ​ ​to​ ​certain​ ​intersections​ ​people​ ​can​ ​at​ ​times​ ​gain​ ​privilege  and ​ ​use​ ​it​ ​against​ ​others.  Example:   Chapter  3 of Black and Brown:   - Clashing ​ ​of​ ​two​ ​different​ ​cultures:​ ​Black​ ​and​ ​being​ ​a​ ​women​ ​→​ ​Mexican/​ ​White  for ​ ​Negro-Mexicans  - Passing ​ ​privilege:​ ​example​ ​of​ ​intersectional​ ​oppression-​ ​Negro​ ​mexican​ ​women  were ​ ​defined​ ​as​ ​black​ ​so​ ​they​ ​hid,​ ​Many​ ​mixed​ ​girls​ ​who​ ​were​ ​lighter​ ​in​ ​skin​ ​tone  took ​ ​the​ ​identity​ ​of​ ​a​ ​Mexican​ ​Women​ ​to​ ​avoid​ ​oppression​ ​of​ ​black​ ​women,  designated ​ ​as​ ​white.  
background image Example  :   Reproductive ​ ​justice:​ ​the​ ​struggles​ ​of​ ​not​ ​only​ ​being​ ​a​ ​women,​ ​but​ ​being​ ​a​ ​women​ ​of​ ​​ ​color​ ​→   a. ​ ​an​ ​intersectional​ ​theory​ ​emerging​ ​from​ ​the​ ​experiences​ ​of​ ​women​ ​of​ ​color​ ​whose  multiple ​ ​communicates​ ​experience​ ​a​ ​complex​ ​set​ ​of​ ​reproductive​ ​oppressions   b. ​ ​the​ ​impacts​ ​of​ ​race,​ ​class,​ ​gender​ ​and​ ​sexual​ ​identity​ ​oppressions​ ​are​ ​not​ ​additive  but ​ ​integrative   c. ​ ​defined:​​ the human right to maintain personal bodily autonomy, have children,  not  have children, and parent the children we have in safe and sustainable​​ ​communities    
Example
​​ ​:  Chicana Power! for intersectionality:  Blackwell​ ​shows​ ​the​ ​ways​ ​in​ ​which​ ​Chicanas​ ​were​ ​marginalized.​ ​Instead 
of​ ​working​ ​with​ ​Chicanas,​ ​Chicanos​ ​preferred​ ​that​ ​the​ ​Chicana​ ​​remained 
in
 her place as a woman, and to not leave the kitchen​​ ​(gender)​ ​and​ ​to 
remain​ ​as​ ​child-bearers.​ ​The​ ​Chicano​ ​movement​ ​was​ ​labeled​ ​as​ ​“lesbian” 
and​ ​“white”​ ​by​ ​those​ ​who​ ​oppose​ ​it​ ​from​ ​non-Chicana​ ​and​ ​Chicano 
perspectives​ ​alike.​ ​Blackwell​ ​also​ ​reveals​ ​the​ ​​historical dominance of 
men
 in the fields of Chicanx history and studies ​​(cultural).​ ​The 
stereotypes​ ​of​ ​Chicanas​ ​as​ ​race​ ​traitors,​ ​sellouts,​ ​and​ ​white-women 
wannabes​ ​kept​ ​many​ ​away​ ​from​ ​these​ ​fields​ ​of​ ​study.​ ​And​ ​feminism​ ​was 
seen​ ​antagonistic​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Chicano​ ​culture​ ​and​ ​a​ ​white-woman’s​ ​movement 
So​ ​Blackwell​ ​reveals​ ​that​ ​Chicanas​ ​had​ ​suffered​ ​from​ ​their​ ​gender, 
sexual,​ ​cultural,​ ​and​ ​racial​ ​identity 
 
 
 
Racial ​ ​Capitalism:  Definition  ● There ​ ​is​ ​no​ ​existence​ ​of​ ​capitalism​ ​without​ ​a​ ​racialized​ ​structure​ ​that​ ​depends​ ​on​ ​the  manipulation ​ ​of​ ​racial​ ​outsiders  ○ No ​ ​capitalism​ ​without​ ​the​ ​downfall​ ​of​ ​a​ ​particular​ ​group   Significance  ● The ​ ​existence​ ​of​ ​capitalism​ ​thrives​ ​off​ ​of​ ​the​ ​false​ ​competition​ ​and​ ​false​ ​superiority​ ​of​ ​the  haves ​ ​and​ ​have-nots   Example  ● Black ​ ​and​ ​brown​ ​communities​ ​put​ ​in​ ​poor​ ​housing​ ​areas​ ​due​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Federal​ ​Housing​ ​Act  Possessive   Investment   in   Whiteness  ● Federal ​ ​Housing​ ​Act​ ​(1934):​ ​loan​ ​money​ ​towards​ ​whites​ ​and​ ​away​ ​from  blacks  
background image ■ FHA ​ ​and​ ​private​ ​lenders​ ​post​ ​WWI​ ​encouraged​ ​segregation​ ​in​ ​residential  neighborhoods  ■ Federal ​ ​government--systematic​ ​racial​ ​discrimination  ● Federally ​ ​subsidized​ ​urban​ ​renewal​ ​reduced​ ​housing​ ​for​ ​POC  under ​ ​guide​ ​of​ ​“better​ ​the​ ​neighborhood”​ ​but​ ​it​ ​gentrified​ ​the  neighborhood ​ ​and​ ​moved​ ​them​ ​out​ ​their​ ​neighborhoods​ ​and​ ​the  new ​ ​housing​ ​was​ ​to​ ​expensive​ ​so​ ​it​ ​kicked​ ​the​ ​POC​ ​out​ ​the  neighborhood, ​ ​businesses​ ​were​ ​built​ ​and​ ​it​ ​was​ ​all​ ​for​ ​economic  development   ● The ​ ​Bracero​ ​Program  ● The ​ ​United​ ​States​ ​purposely​ ​sought​ ​out​ ​a​ ​labor​ ​force​ ​to​ ​exploit​ ​in  Mexican ​ ​immigrants​ ​because​ ​there​ ​was​ ​a​ ​shortage​ ​of​ ​labor   ● They ​ ​were​ ​​ ​paid​ ​poor​ ​wages,​ ​worked​ ​harsh​ ​hours,​ ​and​ ​even​ ​got  injured ​ ​because​ ​of​ ​this​ ​jobs   ​ ​Wealth​ ​or.​ ​Income:  Definition  ● Income: ​ ​Money​ ​received​ ​on​ ​a​ ​regular​ ​basis  ● Wealth: ​ ​Value​ ​of​ ​what​ ​you​ ​own​ ​minus​ ​what​ ​you​ ​owe  ○ Worth ​ ​is​ ​influenced​ ​by​ ​the​ ​net​ ​worth​ ​of​ ​our​ ​parents,​ ​grandparents,​ ​and​ ​earlier  generations, ​ ​assets  Significance  ● Most ​ ​of​ ​the​ ​time​ ​wealth​ ​is​ ​inherited;​ ​however,​ ​you​ ​can​ ​also​ ​achieve​ ​wealth.​ ​People​ ​of  color ​ ​generally​ ​have​ ​not​ ​accumulated​ ​enough​ ​assets​ ​to​ ​be​ ​considered​ ​wealthy.  Illuminates ​ ​the​ ​wealth​ ​of​ ​whites​ ​over​ ​minorities.    
Example 
● In ​ ​Possessive​ ​Investment​ ​in​ ​Whiteness,​ ​FHA​ ​loans​ ​were​ ​given​ ​to​ ​white​ ​people​ ​and  denied ​ ​to​ ​minorities.​ ​This​ ​allowed​ ​white​ ​people​ ​to​ ​buy​ ​homes​ ​and​ ​accumulate​ ​wealth.  Something ​ ​minority​ ​groups​ ​were​ ​not​ ​allowed​ ​to​ ​do​ ​or​ ​given​ ​the​ ​opportunity​ ​to​ ​do.  Transgenerational ​ ​wealth​ ​gap   ● The ​ ​Bracero​ ​Program:​ ​the​ ​owners​ ​of​ ​the​ ​land​ ​accumulated​ ​wealth​ ​off​ ​of​ ​the​ ​land​ ​and​ ​the  farms ​ ​that​ ​workers​ ​worked​ ​one​ ​therefore​ ​accumulation​ ​wealth.​ ​The​ ​workers​ ​only​ ​got​ ​an  income ​ ​which​ ​was​ ​too​ ​small​ ​to​ ​transform​ ​into​ ​wealth​ ​over​ ​time.   
 
Hegemony:  Definition: 
background image ​ ​Dominant​ ​groups​ ​in​ ​society​ ​maintain​ ​their​ ​dominance​ ​by​ ​securing​ ​the​ ​‘spontaneous 
consent’
​ ​of​ ​​ ​groups​ ​by​ ​persuading​ ​people​ ​to​ ​accept​ ​dominant​ ​moral,​ ​political​ ​and​ ​cultural  values  ● Hegemony ​ ​is​ ​a​ ​set​ ​of​ ​norms​ ​and​ ​the​ ​assertion​ ​of​ ​dominance   ● The ​ ​invisible​ ​power​ ​of​ ​dominance  Significance:  ● Hegemony ​ ​is​ ​renegotiated​ ​constantly​ ​(recurring)​ ​through​ ​mass​ ​media,​ ​as​ ​these​ ​are  messages ​ ​we​ ​are​ ​inundated​ ​with.​ ​Therefore​ ​the​ ​awareness​ ​and​ ​acknowledgement​ ​of​ ​all  racial ​ ​backgrounds​ ​is​ ​important​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to​ ​change​ ​the​ ​pattern​ ​of​ ​dominance​ ​in​ ​society.  Acts ​ ​of​ ​the​ ​lower​ ​class​ ​resistance​ ​are​ ​significant​ ​because​ ​they​ ​challenge​ ​the  construction ​ ​of​ ​hegemony.   Example:   ● Youtube ​ ​Video​ ​in​ ​class:​ ​The​ ​child​ ​choosing​ ​the​ ​white​ ​doll,​ ​white​ ​doll​ ​is​ ​“pretty”​ ​as​ ​the  black ​ ​doll​ ​is​ ​the​ ​“ugly”​ ​doll​ ​→​ ​Hegemony​ ​manages​ ​to​ ​get​ ​consent​ ​early​ ​on,​ ​we​ ​have​ ​to  be ​ ​more​ ​conscious​ ​as​ ​a​ ​society   ● Bleaching ​ ​skin​ ​for​ ​whiteness   ● Buffalo ​ ​Soldiers​ ​in​ ​Black​ ​and​ ​Brown​ ​who​ ​fought​ ​for​ ​their​ ​freedom​ ​by​ ​taking​ ​away​ ​the  land ​ ​from​ ​indigenous​ ​people​ ​thereby​ ​giving​ ​into​ ​white​ ​power​ ​and​ ​hegemony​ ​as​ ​white  people ​ ​were​ ​able​ ​to​ ​turn​ ​poc​ ​against​ ​other​ ​poc    Whiteness:  Definition  Whiteness is a structured advantage that produces unfair gains and 
unearned
 rewards for whites, while imposing impediments to asset 
accumulation,
 employment, housing, and health care for minorities
  ● A ​ ​term​ ​that​ ​is​ ​so​ ​accepted​ ​and​ ​used​ ​for​ ​advantages​ ​that​ ​it​ ​does​ ​not​ ​often​ ​have​ ​to​ ​be  referenced ​ ​or​ ​defined​ ​in​ ​society   ● An ​ ​unmarked​ ​category​ ​which​ ​racial​ ​difference​ ​is​ ​constructed,​ ​and​ ​a​ ​structured  advantage ​ ​that​ ​produces​ ​unfair​ ​gains​ ​and​ ​unearned​ ​rewards​ ​of​ ​whites.  ● The ​ ​standard​ ​that​ ​everyone​ ​is​ ​expected​ ​to​ ​abide​ ​to,​ ​all​ ​ethnicities​ ​are​ ​expected​ ​to  conform ​ ​to   ● “white ​ ​power​ ​secures​ ​its​ ​dominance​ ​by​ ​seeming​ ​not​ ​to​ ​be​ ​anything​ ​in​ ​particular”  ​ ​the​ ​unmarked​ ​category​ ​against​ ​which​ ​difference​ ​is​ ​measured  ● never ​ ​has​ ​to​ ​speak​ ​its​ ​name,​ ​never​ ​has​ ​to​ ​acknowledged​ ​itself​ ​as​ ​an​ ​organizing​ ​principle  in ​ ​social​ ​relations   ​ ​​ ​landscape​ ​created​ ​and​ ​shaped​ ​in​ ​white​ ​dominance,​ ​and​ ​there​ ​is​ ​this​ ​false​ ​narrative​ ​that 
everyone
​ ​has​ ​the​ ​same​ ​chance​ ​but​ ​it's​ ​not​ ​true​ ​if​ ​it's​ ​shaped​ ​in​ ​white​ ​dominance​ ​and​ ​for  their ​ ​success 
background image ●   Significance  ● Whiteness ​ ​is​ ​a​ ​structured​ ​advantage​ ​that​ ​produces​ ​unfair​ ​gains​ ​and​ ​unearned​ ​rewards  for ​ ​whites​ ​while​ ​imposing​ ​impediments​ ​to​ ​assets​ ​accumulation,​ ​employment​ ​housing​ ​and  health ​ ​care​ ​for​ ​minorities    ● To ​ ​partake​ ​apart​ ​in​ ​whiteness​ ​is​ ​to​ ​take​ ​a​ ​part​ ​in​ ​the​ ​ideal​ ​of​ ​oppressing​ ​minorities​ ​for  personal ​ ​gain   Example  George ​ ​Lipsitz​ ​​Possessive   Investment   in   Whiteness ● The ​ ​power​ ​of​ ​whiteness​ ​depends​ ​not​ ​only​ ​on​ ​white​ ​hegemony​ ​over  separate ​ ​groups​ ​but​ ​on​ ​manipulation​ ​of​ ​racial​ ​outsiders,​ ​to​ ​fight​ ​against  one ​ ​another,​ ​to​ ​compete​ ​with​ ​each​ ​other​ ​for​ ​white​ ​approval,​ ​and​ ​to​ ​seek  the ​ ​rewards​ ​and​ ​privileges​ ​of​ ​whiteness​ ​for​ ​themselves​ ​at​ ​the​ ​expense​ ​of  other ​ ​racialized​ ​population  Example  Eurocentric ​ ​Beauty​ ​Standards​ ​show​ ​by​ ​the​ ​“Girl​ ​Like​ ​Me”​ ​video​ ​with​ ​the​ ​doll​ ​test   Example   ● Henry ​ ​O​ ​Flipper-succumb​ ​to​ ​the​ ​oppressor​ ​by​ ​working​ ​on​ ​their​ ​side,​ ​working​ ​hard  to ​ ​appease​ ​the​ ​whites,​ ​assimilation​ ​into​ ​whiteness--soldier​ ​for​ ​the​ ​US​ ​Army,  dismantled ​ ​native​ ​and​ ​Mexican​ ​soldiers,​ ​never​ ​was​ ​given​ ​reparations​ ​for​ ​his​ ​war  efforts ​ ​and​ ​dedication   ● Buffalo ​ ​Soldiers→​ ​Black​ ​people​ ​fighting​ ​for​ ​the​ ​same​ ​country​ ​that​ ​enslaved​ ​them  and ​ ​against​ ​Native​ ​Americans​ ​→​ ​their​ ​fellow​ ​minority.​ ​Shows​ ​how​ ​they​ ​were  aspiring ​ ​to​ ​whiteness​ ​by​ ​going​ ​against​ ​“their​ ​people”​ ​for​ ​the​ ​U.S.   Systemic ​ ​Racism:  Definition  ● Ranges ​ ​from​ ​political,​ ​economical,​ ​social,​ ​education,​ ​religious,​ ​to​ ​familial​ ​power  ● Includes ​ ​the​ ​complex​ ​array​ ​of​ ​practices,​ ​the​ ​unjustly​ ​gained​ ​political-economic​ ​power​ ​of  whites, ​ ​the​ ​continuing​ ​economic​ ​and​ ​other​ ​resource​ ​inequalities​ ​along​ ​racial​ ​lines,​ ​and  the ​ ​white​ ​racist​ ​ideologies​ ​and​ ​attitudes​ ​created​ ​to​ ​maintain​ ​and​ ​rationalize​ ​white  privilege ​ ​and​ ​power  ● Structure  of systems and practices used to oppress minorities and people of  color,  thus maintaining white privilege and power  ● ii. ​ ​​systemic ​ ​here​ ​means​ ​that​ ​the​ ​core​ ​racist​ ​realities​ ​are​ ​manifested​ ​in​ ​each​ ​of​ ​society’s  major ​ ​parts[..}​ ​each​ ​major​ ​part​ ​of​ ​US​ ​society—the​ ​economy,​ ​politics​ ​,​ ​education,​ ​religion,  the ​ ​family—reflects​ ​the​ ​fundamental​ ​reality​ ​of​ ​systemic​ ​racism   iii. ​ ​although​ ​it​ ​is​ ​a​ ​reality,​ ​does​ ​not​ ​mean​ ​it​ ​has​ ​to​ ​be—we  wouldn't   Significance  ● It ​ ​is​ ​a​ ​complex​ ​array​ ​of​ ​practices 

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Chicana and Chicano Studies
Course: Introduction to Chicana/CHICANO Studies: History and Culture
Professor: R.c. Romero
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Chicano Studies, Studyguide, Study Guide, final study guide, and final
Name: Chicano 10A Final Quiz Study Guide
Description: This is an overview of key terms and concepts we reviewed for the quarter that are all fair game for the final quiz.
Uploaded: 12/02/2017
25 Pages 57 Views 45 Unlocks
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