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UA - GWSS 1601 - Study Guide - Final

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UA - GWSS 1601 - Study Guide - Final

School: University of Arizona
Department: gender, women and sexuality studies
Course: Gods, Goddesses, and Demons
Professor: Eric Steinschneider
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: Buddhism and Hinduism
Name: Final Study guide for South Asian Religion
Description: These notes cover all of the year with the recent review game answers and vocabulary.
Uploaded: 12/09/2017
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background image Shakta – Shaktism Daksha ­ Brahma's Son Kailasa ­ Temple for Shiva Devi ­ The great goddess Sati ­ Reborn as Parvati Kama ­ Desire/ Lust Shaiva ­ Devotees of Shiva Shakti ­ Power Vaikuntha ­ Vishnu's heaven Ravana ­ 10 Headed Rakshasa/ King of 
Lanka
Avatara ­ Descents of Vishnu Ananta ­ Cosmic serpent Garuda ­ Vishnu's vehicle­ The eagle Arjuna ­ Charioteer is Krishna/ 3rd 
panda brother
Bhakti ­ emotional devotionalism 
towards a god as the supreme being
Vaishnava ­ Vishnu's devotees Puja ­ Ritual worship in home or temple Darshan ­ an active seeing & being seen 
by the divine
Nandi ­ Shiva's vehicle­ the bull Ganesha ­ Shiva's son : God of obstacles Sita ­  W ife of Rama: Goddess of wealth Viraha Bhakti ­ love in separation Lila ­ Divine play Linga ­ Shiva is the aniconic linga Trimurti ­ 3 forms of the divine : 
Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
Bhakti/ Devotionalism ­ Central 
organizing principle of the puranas
18  ­ Hindu tradition officially 
recognizes this many "Great Puranas"
Darshan ­ The point of Puja or ritualized 
worship
Reception & entertainment of 
distinguished guest ­ The basic actions 
involved in a puja are modeled after this
Pervader ­ This is what the name Vishnu
means
Discus  ­ Vishnu's weapon of choice is 
the sudarshana
Preservation  ­ Vishnu is typically 
involved in this cosmic activity
Purana  ­  stories of the ancient past
background image 3 differences between the representation 
of Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita & 
earlier vedic gods – Monotheistic 
Accessible : cosmic reached through 
bhakti
Cosmological Monotheism  ­  2 word  term for a form of religion that 
recognizes many gods as forms of a 
single deity.
Theophany ­ In chapter 11 of the 
Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna experiences this 
4 syllable word from the greek for 
"Appearance of a deity"
Family and caste ­ in the bhagavad gita, 
the panda hero arjuna is torn between 
these 2 conflicting duties
Dice ­ A turning point in the 
Mahabharata epic involves a fateful 
game of this
3 Differences between respective careers
of Rama and the Buddha ­ No character 
development
Takes weapons to forest
Returns to throne at end
Protects Brahmins
Reconciles Kingship with Asceticism.
Ahalya ­ This woman was rescued by 
Rama when he touched her with his feet.
The Ramayana ­ According to tradition, 
this is distinguished from all other 
poems by being the first, original poem
Dharma ­ Hindu's understand Rama to 
be the embodiment of this principle on 
earth
Ravana ­ In the Ramayana, Rama slays a
demon who has 10 heads
5 animals and hybrid avatars of Vishnu ­
Fish
Tortoise
Boar
Man­lion 
Dwarf
Auspicious ­ The name shiva means... Rudra ­ A precursor to shiva, this 
dangerous mountain hunter god was 
typically worshipped so that he would 
stay away.
Destruction ­ In his role as the cosmic 
dancer, Shiva holds in one of his hands a
blazing fire, symbolizing this..
Erotic/ Ascetic ­ Shiva is often found 
practicing Tapas on mount Kailasa or 
making love to his wife parvati, actions 
that represent this dual nature of the 
deity...
Primary significance of the myth of 
Shiva's burning of the 3 cities ­ Yogic 
allegory
overcoming of multiplicity and of all 
opposites
Buffalo ­ Durga is most widely known 
for slaying this demonic beast
background image Sarasvati ­ You might pray to this Hindu
goddess of wisdom right before a major 
exam.
Shakti/ power ­ According to Shakta 
traditions, the goddess is the 
embodiment of this, without which the 
gods would be helpless.
Monism ­ Central to shasta theology is 
this concept, from the greek word for 
"oneness"
2 ways in which the Devi Mahatmya 
elevates the goddess to the level of 
supreme being ­ Vishnu dependent on 
her to kill made and kaitabha; she is the 
embodiment of the collective splendor of
the gods; she creates Kali and other 
goddesses to kill Shumba, Nishumba, 
Canda, Munda, and Raktabija
Brahma ­ Though formally a member of 
the Trimurti, there is no temple 
dedicated to this Hindu god
Love in separation ­ The focus in the 
Gita govida isn't the union of 2 lovers 
but rather this, which emphasizes 
anguish and longing.
Cremation Ground ­ This is where you'll 
most likely find Bhairava, the terrifying 
form of Shiva
Forehead ­ The goddess Kali was born 
from this part of the great goddess's 
body.
Womb­chamber ­ At the center of any 
Hindu temple is this wall­niche wherein 
the god or goddess is enshrined.
Mahabharata 1. A turning point in the Mahabharata epic involves a fateful game of  this . (dice) 2. In the Bhagavad Gita, the Pandava hero Arjuna is torn between these  two conflicting duties (family and caste) 3. In Chapter 11 of the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna experiences this four­
syllabled word, from the Greek for “appearance of a deity”. 
(theophany)

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School: University of Arizona
Department: gender, women and sexuality studies
Course: Gods, Goddesses, and Demons
Professor: Eric Steinschneider
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: Buddhism and Hinduism
Name: Final Study guide for South Asian Religion
Description: These notes cover all of the year with the recent review game answers and vocabulary.
Uploaded: 12/09/2017
7 Pages 52 Views 41 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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