HIST 1320 Third Exam Review Fall 2017 Potential IDs:
Camp David Accords
Signed in 1978 during Jimmy Carter’s presidency. The Accords were signed between the leader of Egypt and Israel as an agreement to seek peace. The importance of this is that it is the first time Israeli neighbors recognized the legitimacy of the nation of Israel. The Camp David Accords also moved Egypt away from being an adversary of America.
Immigration Act of 1965
Occurred during LBJ’s presidency. The act changed quotas and limits that were set on certain nations, allowing a more free flow of immigration back into the nation. The old quota system highly favored ethnicities that were already present in America, and this was significant because it was an acceptance of the idea that America was a nation made up of all sorts of ethnicities.
African American civil rights leader. Was named the leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1964. Worked with Martin Luther King Jr.
Was a contributing author of Sisterhood is Powerful in the 60’s. Was a feminist during the second wave movement and was a longtime contributing editor in Ms. Magazine.
Federal reports that were leaked to and published by the New York Times and exposed the secrecy and scandals of the Nixon Administration throughout the Vietnam War and other instances.
Part of the Religious Right, founded Moral Majority of 1979. Jerry Falwell was part of the New Right movement that seeks to find realignment through principle. Falwell was originally a pastor of Thomas Road Baptist Church, which was one of the central churches during the rise of institutional evangelicalism during the 70’s. We also discuss several other topics like math 461 study guide
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The idea that Nixon was pulling away from the Cold War. Nixon did not stay in line with the Truman doctrine, since he started speaking to China again. This is because Nixon and his administration were “realists” and recognized that communist or not, China would be playing a major role in the world economy. These actions led to China and Russia vying for the United States’ favor.
PATCO was a union of air traffic controllers. They illegally held a strike protesting working conditions. Reagan fired all 11,000 members and replaced them with the military. The significance of this was that it sent a message that the government would no longer be a neutral arbiter between businesses.
A new type of conservatism that came from intellectual democrats shifting to the Republican Party.
North American Free Trade Agreement approved in 1993, negotiated by Bush that created a free-trade zone between Canada, Mexico, and the United States.
Lyndon Baines Johnson’s social program, which was meant to out-do the New Deal. This program expanded the federal government to a greater size than it had ever been before. Its major goals were to end poverty and push for the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Iranian Hostage Crisis
After the ousted Shah of Iran is diagnosed with cancer and gets medical treatment in America, Iranians are outraged that he is being helped and storm the American Embassy, taking hostages.Occurred under the Carter Administration. Iranians took Americans hostage for 444 days. This led to Americans viewing the Carter administration as being weak and inept. Don't forget about the age old question of friday night lights study guide
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“Dictatorship and Double Standards”
Essay written in 1979 by Jean Kirkpatrick. The essay said that yes the U.S. stands for human rights but that there was a double standard because the country treated all dictatorships like the enemy. Kirkpatrick noted that dictatorships were not the same as communism and therefore should not be treated as such.
Offensive attack of the Vietnamese Tet army that caught American troops offguard as they pushed for major capitols and etc.
Bay of Pigs
The 1961 invasion of Cuba that involved the CIA training anti-Fidel Castro Cuban Exiles to invade Cuba. Resulted in Cuba becoming closer with the Soviet Union and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Championed Proposition 13 in California. His organization around relieving taxation in California switched a switch in the nation that led to the tax revolts of the late 1970s.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Congress giving complete power to do whatever he deemed necessary in regard to the Vietnam conflict.
Important part of the Latino Activism of the 60’s. Founded the United Farm Workers in 1962 and led protests to pressure growers to agree to labor contracts with the UFW. The organization he headed worked for both civil rights as well as economic betterment.
Leader of the USSR when it fell.
Part of the Second Wave Feminist Movement. She formed the National Organization of Women (NOW) in 1966. Author of The Feminine Mystique which was published in 1963.
Occurred in under President Reagan – the greatest scandal of his presidency. Reagan wanted to support guerilla contras that were fighting the Sandinistas but Congress cuts his funding so the National Security Advisor orders Oliver North to find alternate funds. North sells weapons to the Iranians as a trade for hostages in Lebanon and diverts profits from it to the contras. The scandal comes to light in 1986 and Reagan denied involvement or knowledge of it.
Saturday Night Massacre
Occurred during the Watergate scandal. Nixon, once being required to hand over the tape recordings of the Whitehouse meetings, proposes a compromise that he will hand over the tapes to one person that is hard of hearing. Archibald Cox says it is ridiculous and Nixon tells the Attorney General to fire him, but he resigns. The Deputy Attorney General resigns under the same circumstances, but the third in line to be the Attorney General fires Cox. This move was practically an admission of guilt.
FBI official that leaked the Pentagon Papers to the New York Times.
Nixon’s National Security Advisor and Secretary of State. His efforts helped pave the way for the president to fly to Communist China in 1972. This led to the Beijing government taking up China’s seat at the U.N.
Comiskey Park Riot
Steve Dahl, infamous for scratching and breaking disco records on his radio show, was given the opportunity to play at the white socks game. People were given a free seat at the game if they would bring a disco record to be destroyed at the halftime. The result was a riot that stopped the game from finishing. This is significant because it is an emergence of the counterculture of disco and the beginning of the cultural wars/riots of the 80’s.
Economic term: when a country is experiencing high inflation but stagnant economic growth and unemployment. America experienced stagflation during the 1970’s for a multiple reasons: 1. It was the end of the post WWII economic boom 2. LBJ’s spending on The Great Society program as well as on the Vietnam War 3. Rise in commodity prices like the OPEC oil embargo of 1973
American Indian Movement, founded in 1968. The movement staged protests calling for greater tribal self-government and for guarantees that were made in the treaties to be
met. Famous protests included the armed staged occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973. A group of Native Americans also occupied the abandoned Alcatraz prison for a year. The late 1960s saw Native Americans celebrating both their tribal culture as well as being Native American.
Communism governments set up in one country would quickly spread to surrounding countries. Leading to a fall of surrounding governments that would be replaced by communism.
1960 – Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Organized sit-ins across the south that were inspired by the Greensboro sit-in. The SNCC was college students finding their voice in the nation, which they were able to very effectively do because of their few responsibilities and having less to lose. SNCC worked with CORE in organizing the Freedom Rides to challenge segregation on commercial buses and in all the towns they stopped in.
The rival republican candidate in the 1964 presidential election against Lyndon Baines Johnson. Goldwater’s platform was built on the idea that the Republican Party was a choice, not an echo. He is notorious for giving speeches in the wrong settings, and ultimately he loses against LBJ.
Spread communism to Central. Significance of this was that Cuba had long wanted a communist ally on the “mainland” and Americans were put into a panic thinking that communism could soon spread to its doorstep.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Authorized federal protection of the right to vote. This was a major victory of the civil rights movement after it was pressed for decades. Came in the wake of Martin Luther King Jr.’s Selma to Montgomery March of 1965.
American intervened in Grenada’s affairs to keep a communist regime from taking control of the country. This intervention successfully toppled the communist leadership held by the country, marking the first time that the US had successfully dismantled and replaced communist leadership within a country.