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hist 391 study guide

hist 391 study guide

Description

School: Texas State University
Department: Engineering
Course: History US to Date
Professor: Jason mellard
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: history
Cost: 50
Name: Final Exam Study Guide US HIST TO DATE Professor Jason Mellard HIST 1320.007
Description: These notes cover the Potential ID's for our final exam
Uploaded: 12/09/2017
4 Pages 14 Views 13 Unlocks
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HIST 1320 Third Exam Review Fall 2017 Potential IDs: 


How did the Camp David accords affect the US?



Camp David Accords

Signed in 1978 during Jimmy Carter’s presidency. The Accords were signed between the  leader of Egypt and Israel as an agreement to seek peace. The importance of this is that  it is the first time Israeli neighbors recognized the legitimacy of the nation of Israel. The  Camp David Accords also moved Egypt away from being an adversary of America.

Immigration Act of 1965

Occurred during LBJ’s presidency. The act changed quotas and limits that were set on  certain nations, allowing a more free flow of immigration back into the nation. The old  quota system highly favored ethnicities that were already present in America, and this  was significant because it was an acceptance of the idea that America was a nation  made up of all sorts of ethnicities.  

Andrew Young

African American civil rights leader. Was named the leader of the Southern Christian  Leadership Conference in 1964. Worked with Martin Luther King Jr.  


How many air traffic controllers are there in the US?



Robin Morgan

Was a contributing author of Sisterhood is Powerful in the 60’s. Was a feminist during the second wave movement and was a longtime contributing editor in Ms. Magazine.

Pentagon Papers

Federal reports that were leaked to and published by the New York Times and exposed  the secrecy and scandals of the Nixon Administration throughout the Vietnam War and  other instances.

Jerry Falwell

Part of the Religious Right, founded Moral Majority of 1979. Jerry Falwell was part of the  New Right movement that seeks to find realignment through principle. Falwell was  originally a pastor of Thomas Road Baptist Church, which was one of the central  churches during the rise of institutional evangelicalism during the 70’s. We also discuss several other topics like math 461 study guide
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Détente

The idea that Nixon was pulling away from the Cold War. Nixon did not stay in line with  the Truman doctrine, since he started speaking to China again. This is because Nixon and his administration were “realists” and recognized that communist or not, China would be  playing a major role in the world economy. These actions led to China and Russia vying  for the United States’ favor.  


Was the Tonkin Gulf Resolution justified?



PATCO Strike

PATCO was a union of air traffic controllers. They illegally held a strike protesting working conditions. Reagan fired all 11,000 members and replaced them with the military. The  significance of this was that it sent a message that the government would no longer be a neutral arbiter between businesses.

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Neo-conservatism

A new type of conservatism that came from intellectual democrats shifting to the  Republican Party.

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement approved in 1993, negotiated by Bush that  created a free-trade zone between Canada, Mexico, and the United States.  

Great Society

Lyndon Baines Johnson’s social program, which was meant to out-do the New Deal. This  program expanded the federal government to a greater size than it had ever been  before. Its major goals were to end poverty and push for the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Iranian Hostage Crisis

After the ousted Shah of Iran is diagnosed with cancer and gets medical treatment in  America, Iranians are outraged that he is being helped and storm the American  Embassy, taking hostages.Occurred under the Carter Administration. Iranians took  Americans hostage for 444 days. This led to Americans viewing the Carter administration as being weak and inept. Don't forget about the age old question of friday night lights study guide
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“Dictatorship and Double Standards”

Essay written in 1979 by Jean Kirkpatrick. The essay said that yes the U.S. stands for  human rights but that there was a double standard because the country treated all  dictatorships like the enemy. Kirkpatrick noted that dictatorships were not the same as  communism and therefore should not be treated as such.

Tet Offensive

Offensive attack of the Vietnamese Tet army that caught American troops offguard as  they pushed for major capitols and etc.  

Bay of Pigs

The 1961 invasion of Cuba that involved the CIA training anti-Fidel Castro Cuban Exiles to invade Cuba. Resulted in Cuba becoming closer with the Soviet Union and the Cuban  Missile Crisis.

Howard Jarvis

Championed Proposition 13 in California. His organization around relieving taxation in  California switched a switch in the nation that led to the tax revolts of the late 1970s.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

Congress giving complete power to do whatever he deemed necessary in regard to the  Vietnam conflict.

Cesar Chavez

Important part of the Latino Activism of the 60’s. Founded the United Farm Workers in  1962 and led protests to pressure growers to agree to labor contracts with the UFW. The  organization he headed worked for both civil rights as well as economic betterment.  

Mikhail Gorbachev

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Leader of the USSR when it fell.  

Betty Friedan

Part of the Second Wave Feminist Movement. She formed the National Organization of  Women (NOW) in 1966. Author of The Feminine Mystique which was published in 1963.

Iran-Contra Scandal

Occurred in under President Reagan – the greatest scandal of his presidency. Reagan  wanted to support guerilla contras that were fighting the Sandinistas but Congress cuts  his funding so the National Security Advisor orders Oliver North to find alternate funds.  North sells weapons to the Iranians as a trade for hostages in Lebanon and diverts profits from it to the contras. The scandal comes to light in 1986 and Reagan denied  involvement or knowledge of it.

Saturday Night Massacre

Occurred during the Watergate scandal. Nixon, once being required to hand over the  tape recordings of the Whitehouse meetings, proposes a compromise that he will hand  over the tapes to one person that is hard of hearing. Archibald Cox says it is ridiculous  and Nixon tells the Attorney General to fire him, but he resigns. The Deputy Attorney  General resigns under the same circumstances, but the third in line to be the Attorney  General fires Cox. This move was practically an admission of guilt.

Mark Felt

FBI official that leaked the Pentagon Papers to the New York Times.

Henry Kissinger

Nixon’s National Security Advisor and Secretary of State. His efforts helped pave the way for the president to fly to Communist China in 1972. This led to the Beijing government  taking up China’s seat at the U.N.

Comiskey Park Riot

Steve Dahl, infamous for scratching and breaking disco records on his radio show, was  given the opportunity to play at the white socks game. People were given a free seat at  the game if they would bring a disco record to be destroyed at the halftime. The result  was a riot that stopped the game from finishing. This is significant because it is an  emergence of the counterculture of disco and the beginning of the cultural wars/riots of  the 80’s.

Stagflation

Economic term: when a country is experiencing high inflation but stagnant economic  growth and unemployment. America experienced stagflation during the 1970’s for a  multiple reasons: 1. It was the end of the post WWII economic boom 2. LBJ’s spending on The Great Society program as well as on the Vietnam War 3. Rise in commodity prices  like the OPEC oil embargo of 1973

AIM

American Indian Movement, founded in 1968. The movement staged protests calling for  greater tribal self-government and for guarantees that were made in the treaties to be  

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met. Famous protests included the armed staged occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973.  A group of Native Americans also occupied the abandoned Alcatraz prison for a year. The late 1960s saw Native Americans celebrating both their tribal culture as well as being  Native American.

domino theory

Communism governments set up in one country would quickly spread to surrounding  countries. Leading to a fall of surrounding governments that would be replaced by  communism.  

SNCC

1960 – Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Organized sit-ins across the south  that were inspired by the Greensboro sit-in. The SNCC was college students finding their  voice in the nation, which they were able to very effectively do because of their few  responsibilities and having less to lose. SNCC worked with CORE in organizing the  Freedom Rides to challenge segregation on commercial buses and in all the towns they  stopped in.

Barry Goldwater

The rival republican candidate in the 1964 presidential election against Lyndon Baines  Johnson. Goldwater’s platform was built on the idea that the Republican Party was a  choice, not an echo. He is notorious for giving speeches in the wrong settings, and  ultimately he loses against LBJ.

Sandinistas

Spread communism to Central. Significance of this was that Cuba had long wanted a  communist ally on the “mainland” and Americans were put into a panic thinking that  communism could soon spread to its doorstep.  

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Authorized federal protection of the right to vote. This was a major victory of the civil  rights movement after it was pressed for decades. Came in the wake of Martin Luther  King Jr.’s Selma to Montgomery March of 1965.

Grenada

American intervened in Grenada’s affairs to keep a communist regime from taking  control of the country. This intervention successfully toppled the communist leadership  held by the country, marking the first time that the US had successfully dismantled and  replaced communist leadership within a country.

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