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USC / Classics / CLAS 320gmp / How do diasporic people maintain their cultural and ethnics custom?

How do diasporic people maintain their cultural and ethnics custom?

How do diasporic people maintain their cultural and ethnics custom?

Description

School: University of Southern California
Department: Classics
Course: Diversity and the Classical Western Tradition
Professor: Daniel richter
Term: Summer 2016
Tags: CLAS, 320, diversity, Classical, western, Tradition, and Classics
Cost: 25
Name: CLAS 320 Week 11 Lecture Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 11
Uploaded: 12/10/2017
6 Pages 136 Views 14 Unlocks
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Lecture 11.1 If you want to learn more check out What is the role of education in occupational sorting?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are indigenous people?
We also discuss several other topics like Are hyperpolarizing and depolarizing photos the same?

In Judaism, food becomes a way to separate “us and them” via Kosher practices

Compare to Anacharsis and Sevley

Don't forget about the age old question of Who is thomas jefferson?

Book of Maccabees

Is it possible to be both Jewish and Greek?If you want to learn more check out What is the role of amino acid in transcription?

Writes about the trump of Judah Maccabees over the Seleucid King

Don't forget about the age old question of When do we use the arithmetic expression?

3rd perspective of Alexander (from Jews as conquered peoples)

  • Introduction of Gymnasium into Jerusalem
  • Nude exercise causes interesting feeling around circumcision (in space of Gym)
  • Caused people to provide previous customs

Seleucid King encourages diversity towards a homogenous form (inherently under a Greek umbrella)

  • Resistance to these practices led to rebellion headed by Maccabees

Onias

  • Menelaos
  • Lysimachus
  • Jason

Greek names - led charge for stadium in Jerusalem

“The lord did not choose the people for the sake of the place but the place for the sake of the people”

  • Yhwh allows his temple to be defaced as a means to allow for correcting the Jewish people

How do diasporic people maintain their cultural and ethnic customs?

  • Particularly challenging for people of Israel, who place great emphasis on Geography

Overall, book of Maccabees provides a unique perspective of accommodating (or not) Greek practices from a conquered peoples

Lecture 11.2

Ethiopian Tale by Heliodorus (aka Aithiopika)

“The Idea of Egypt”

  • Relationships between Greek and Egyptian wisdom

Nostos → Homecoming tale

  • Baby born to king and queen of Ethiopia (Hydaspes and Persinna)
  • White babu; exposed
  • Passed onto Sisimithras (a Gymnosophist)
  • Takes baby to Egypt under care of Charicles
  • Baby name Chariclea
  • Chariclea later falls in love with Theagenes
  • Meet up with Calasiris, who has been employed by Persinna to find Chariclea
  • Go on adventures, get separated, come together, etc…
  • … end up in Memphis, char and cal fall into Ethiopians and are taken to Ethiopia
  • Ethiopeans want to sacrifice Calasiris, but right before they do, Sisimithras returns in time to state that Ethiopia will no longer perform human sacrifices
  • Happily ever after

Nostors - going home, homecoming

  • Heliodorus modifies / subverts genre
  • Not cyclical (aka Greek - Barbarian - Greek)
  • Linear (Greek → Ethiopian)
  • Cyclical in that Chariclea is Ethiopian (non - stable “Greek couple”)
  • Mende is a virtuous, knowledgeable center outside of Greece
  • Ethiopia are portrayed as virtuous, [South]
  • Greeks are portrayed as Frivolous [North]

The Idea of Egypt

  • In antiquity, Greeks believed that “Greek wisdom” has actually originated in Egypt
  • “Stolen Egyptian wisdom”

18th Century Thinkers

Two Camps

  • All greek philosophy originated in Egypt (Caucasian)
  • Culture was planted in Egypt (Black)

[1911] G. Elliot Smith writes on cultural diffusionism of Egypt

  • Used worldwide existence of pyramids as evidence
  • Egypt was creator of modern, western civilization
  • If Egypt was the founder of civilization, then they must be white!

[1954]George G.M. James at Pine Bluff, AK

  • Greek philosopher is a drama and didn’t really exist
  • Theft  of Egyptian knowledge by Greeks had rippling effect on people of color

Black Athena by Bernal

Heliodorus becomes important for African American scholars in 20th century

Discussion 11

Heliodorus

  • Phoenician (not pretending to be Greek)
  • Circa 3rd century C.E. (author)
  • Story takes place around the 5th century B.C.E.
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