Past Ethics Exam Answers
1. T / F Glaucon claims that humans are born with moral standards.
2. Suppose that human beings greatly enjoy helping one another and dislike seeing anyone unhappy. What does this imply for Glaucon’s
view of the human nature.
c) It would weaken Glaucon’s view.
3. T / F Socrates argues that he should obey the state’s commands only when they are just.
4. Would Socrates approve of Martin Luther King’s actions? e) No, because King’s actions violated the commands of government.
5. N / A
6. Suppose your Uncle Albert bought huge piles of Microsoft when it was extremely cheap. He then had piles of money which he used for long vacations and adding to his collection of cuckoo clocks. Which one of the statements below is one of our authors most likely to make about Uncle Albert?
b) Aquians would say Albert was unhappy since he didn’t make use of theoretical reason.
7. N / A
8. Which one of the following is true? Aristotle agrees with Aquinas’ claim
a) Everything has a purpose
9. T / F Aquinas and Aristotle agree that humans are vastly different from other creatures.
10. T /F Aquinas asserts that sin may result from the fact our physical nature sometimes overpowers our spiritual nature.
11. N / A
12. Suppose you were trying to convince one O. Potts that Aquinas’ conception of natural law is correct. Which one of the following would
you most likely say?
c) Humans follow natural law in different ways
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13. T / F Aquians claims that natural law is a set of divine commands.
14. Aristotle and Aquinas would agree on one of the following. Which
b) Happiness requires using theoretical reason.
1. T / F Kant claims we must use reason to be happy.
2. Which one of these is true?
c) Kant believes reason works the same for all people.
3. T / F Hume claims that human action must be guided by reason. If you want to learn more check out Which principle is the basis of retributive theory of punishment?
4. If you were trying to convince Hume that his views are false, which one of the below would you say?
c) Humans sometimes think moral questions through before acting. 5. N / A
6. Suppose that a student pitied a feeble ethics instructor and helped him across the street. Which one of the following would be true? a) Kant would say the student’s action had no moral worth.
7. N / A
8. If Kant’s view of the human condition is true, which one of the following would be true?
e) People would value theoretical reason most highly.
9. T / F Hobbes claims that humans must always cooperate with one another. We also discuss several other topics like Which surface would have the lowest albedo?
10. T / F Hobbes would disagree with Hume’s claim that we have sympathy for one another.
11. N /A
12. Suppose you were trying to convince Orville that Hobbes’ ideas are true. Which one of the following would you be most likely to say?
c) But, we naturally compete with one another.
13. T / F Hobbes claims that humans have always been under control of governments.
14. Suppose you encountered an alien from another planet. Which one of the following would Kant say would determine whether that being mattered morally?
b) Does it possess the ability to engage in theoretical reasoning?Don't forget about the age old question of What is ku klux klan?
1. T / F Mill claims that moral judgements should be based on factual information. We also discuss several other topics like What are the types of nutrients?
2. Suppose O. Potts says, “My roommate is just naturally grouchy and unhappy. There’s nothing we can do about it.” Which one of the following is Mill most likely to say in response?
e) Mill would say, “Unhappiness can be cured through education.” 3. T / F Mill claims everyone can be happy
4. Suppose S. G. Peckingham claims, “Nobody, especially not the government, should tell me what to do.” Which one of the below is Sara Conley most likely to say in response?
a) Hey, the government is sometimes able to tell us the best means to achieve our goals.
5. N / A
6. Suppose that the managers of Bison Gear & Sprocket, Inc. adopted policies to protect the environment. Which one of the following would Milton Friedman most likely say?
d) Bison Gear & Sprocket is violating its obligation to maximize profits. 7. N / A
8. If Rawls’ position is true, which one of the following is true? b) All human beings have the same moral nature.
9. T / F Sunstein claims we are not unduly optimistic about our own futures.Don't forget about the age old question of Name all components of the spinal column.
10. T / F Rawls believes that we value security.
11. S.G. would reason that smoking is harmful due to the effects of 2nd and 3rd hand smoke. Innocent lives are set at risk without even participating in smoking activities.
12. Which one of the following does not agree with Auburn’s smoking policy?
a) Smokers can light up only in designated areas.
13. T / F Milton Freidman claims that corporations should seek maximum profits only when they are compatible with social goals.
14. Which one of the following is false?
e) Goodpaster and Matthews argue that corporations cause things to happen.
∙ Each of us want infinite power.
∙ We can overcome the pressures of our natures
∙ Believes we should not seek pleasures.
∙ Live the best life
∙ We are happy when we have more pleasure than pain.
∙ We are unhappy only when we think of ourselves.
∙ Not all pleasures are evil.
∙ Believes in theoretical reasoning like Aristotle
∙ Achieve the best life for yourself
∙ Believes in speech liberties, security, health, education
∙ It’s up to us to decide what kind of life we want to lead. ∙ Believes we agree and are all the same in our desires.
∙ Principles of justice (Distributive justice, social liberty, etc…) ∙ Believes society reduces goods for us (health resources, education, funding, social security)
∙ We want these goods distributed equally.
∙ We don’t know what motif life we will have, however make sure it is as comfortable as possible.
Auburn’s Smoking Ban
∙ Supposedly, no smoking is allowed on campus
∙ Smoke kills
∙ Second hand smoke poses danger to those around the smoker. ∙ Third hand smoke may be a risk as well despite the actual smoke not being present. The toxins still linger within materials and air particles. ∙ There are minimum safe levels of exposure.
∙ Company’s main focus is to make maximum profits.
∙ Management, manufacturing, & financing are the most common skills obtained.
∙ Companies must keep cost as low as possible
∙ The mission is to make consumers want their product more than their own revenue, and more than other companies’ products.
War / Troops
∙ Anything and everything that will help the troops is important.