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FSU / Philosophy / PHL 2630 / Which principle is the basis of retributive theory of punishment?

Which principle is the basis of retributive theory of punishment?

Which principle is the basis of retributive theory of punishment?


School: Florida State University
Department: Philosophy
Course: ethical issues and life choices
Professor: Gabriel de marco
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: ethics
Cost: 50
Name: Final exam
Description: Final exam. Completed study guide
Uploaded: 12/10/2017
17 Pages 59 Views 3 Unlocks

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This is the study guide for Test 3, which you will take on Dec. 12 at 5:30 P.M. in our regular classroom. All of the questions included here come from the study questions for the readings. All of the questions that you encounter on the test will be taken from this study guide (there will not be any questions on the test that are not included in this document).

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  1. On a Retributive Theory of punishment, what morally justifies punishment of wrongdoers is that those who break the law (and are properly judged to have done so) deserve to be punished.
  2. On a retributive Theory of punishment, what morally justifies punishment of wrongdoers is that those who break the law (and are properly judged to have done so) deserve to be punished.
  3. Van den Haag believes that equality is morally less important than justice when it comes to the death penalty.
  4. Van den Haag argues that there is no reason to think that the death penalty is degrading.
  5. equality retributivism is the view that the punishment should be equal to the crime.
  6. proportional retributism is the view that the punishment should be proportional to the crime.
  7. According to the equal punishment principal, the punishment for a crime should be identical to the crime itself.
  8. According to the equal suffering principal, a punishment should produce an amount of suffering in the criminal which is equal to the amount suffered by the victim.
  9. When someone deserves something in the sense of personal desert, it is because of something they have done, or of a particular quality of theirs.
  10. When someone deserves something in the sense of Human desert, it is merely in virtue of their being human.
  11. The principle of punishment commonly known as “an eye for an eye” is also known by the Latin name lex talionis.
  12. Nathanson objects to the equal punishment principle because it does not provide an adequate criterion for determining appropriate levels of punishment.
  13. According to Huemer, the right to use drugs stems from the fact that we own our own body.
  14. According to the interest theory of rights, to have a right is just to have a legally protected interest.
  15. According to the choice theory of rights, the whole point of rights is to have a legally protected choice.
  16. Paternalism is at odds with the choice theory of rights.
  17. On strong paternalism one appeals to some objective good when proposing laws.
  18. On weak paternalism one appeals to actual interests of the agent.
  19. Goodin argues that some forms of control and interference can be morally justified on paternalistic grounds—i.e., on the grounds that they would promote people’s interests even if the people oppose them.
  20. According to Goodin, it is the “choice theory” of rights that leads us to suppose that paternalism and rights are necessarily at odds.
  21. In specifying what sorts of cases would involve justified paternalism, Goodin makes the point that “if the stakes are so high that losing the gamble will kill you, then there is no opportunity for subsequent learning.” / improvement
  22. If you have a preference that is based on lots of false information, then Goodin would say your preference is not relevant and therefore is not protected by the presumption against paternalism.

4 preferences

  1. settled
  2. prefered
  3. relevent
  1. According to Singer, “The fact that we tend to favor our families, communities, and countries may explain our failure to save the lives of the poor beyond those boundaries, but it does not justify that failure from an ethical perspective.”
  2. Singer gives a rough characterization of the view known as “libertarnism” by describing it as the philosophy that says : “You leave me alone, and I’ll leave you alone, and we’ll get along just fine.”
  3. Singer describes moral relativism as the view we should accept that everyone is entitled to follow his or her own (moral) beliefs.
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