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BYU - PHY S 100 - Chapter 29, Week 12 Notes - Class Notes

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> > > > BYU - PHY S 100 - Chapter 29, Week 12 Notes - Class Notes

BYU - PHY S 100 - Chapter 29, Week 12 Notes - Class Notes

School: Brigham Young University
Department: OTHER
Course: Physical Science
Professor: Patricia Ackroyd
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Chapter 29, Week 12 Notes
Description: Sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks
Uploaded: 12/10/2017
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background image Chapter 29: Earth Materials   The Rock Cycle  Igneous: type of rock produced when melted material (like magma) solidifies or cools 
Sedimentary: type of rock created from sediments weathered from other pre-existing rocks 
Metamorphic: type of rock produced where pre-existing rocks are crystallized  
  
*All three types of rocks can transform into the other types --> the rock cycle * 
  
Minerals: Building Blocks of Rocks  •  Minerals: created from elements' extended bond sets; building block of rocks  •  Properties:   Naturally occurring   Inorganic solid  Fixed or narrowly limited chemical composition  Definite internal crystal structure (a regular molecular structure)  Exists within a defined range of pressure, temp, and moisture      Igneous Rocks  •  Mantle is a mix of solids and liquids (magma) because of its range of melting temperature and 
pressure 
•  Less dense magma rises above the crust/mantle and cools to form rocks  If it solidifies beneath the crust --> plutonic rocks  If it solidifies above the crust --> volcanic rocks     Soil and Sedimentary Rocks  •  Physical weathering (breaking rocks down through freezing and thawing) create talus  •  Chemical weathering (like acidic reactions) dissolve rocks and minerals to create more stable 
minerals  
Stalagmites and stalactites      Metaphoric Rocks  •  Foliation: structural or chemical arrangement into layers of materials in a rock    

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School: Brigham Young University
Department: OTHER
Course: Physical Science
Professor: Patricia Ackroyd
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Chapter 29, Week 12 Notes
Description: Sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks
Uploaded: 12/10/2017
1 Pages 13 Views 10 Unlocks
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