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COMM 3450 Final Study GuideMaccoby-Gender and RelationshipsGirls only passive when playing with boys, not girl-girl play Playmate Choiceo Children choose their own sexes to be aroundo Segregation will happen in situations not structured by adultso Preferences begin @ age 3 get stronger between 6 and 11Boys and Girls Playingo Boys rough, play in large groups, not influenced by girlso Girls play in dyads or small groups, stay close to/move with and adult when boys present o Boys interrupt, girls take turns and collaborate, boyshave single agenda vs girls double agendaSex Differences in Adulthoodo Influenced by people who agree with us o Women good @ influencing other womeno Men interacting with women less adjustment, but women interacting with men is difficult o Men less influenced by opinions of others o Men more task oriented, women more socioemotional Sex Difference in Adulthoodo More attractive/less in love=more influence (Peplau 1979)o Conflict is avoided in well-functioning marriages (Gottman & Levenson 1988)o Men use direct styles of influence whereas women are more indirect (Falbo & Peplau 1986)Sex Differences in Parentingo Women develop more reciprocity & comm with children
o Fathers treat boys and girls more gendered (Siegal 1987)o Parents become loser to same-sex child o MACCOBY’s big point: process w/ in nuclear family given too much credit or blame for sex-typingWood CH 9: Gender and Close RelationshipsPersonal Relationshipso Male Feminine=relationship expert, emotional self- disclosureo Alternate pathCloseness expressed by doing things together o Women FriendshipsCloseness through “evolving dialogue”Attentive, emotional supportive, lots of topicso Men’s FriendshipsCloseness in “doing”, focus, less touch, discuss certain things with certain peopleo Men and WomenWomen get less emotional intensity, men get more emotional support and release o Romantic RelationshipsMen fall faster and harder Women focus on relationship dynamicso Patterns in RelationshipsWomen self-disclose, men display instrumental affection Desire for personal freedom and interconnection Women assume responsibility in heterosexual Women work the “second shift”Motherhood is a choice: 20 hours a week w/ kidsMen spend 9 hours a week w/ kids2
Wood CH 2: Theoretical Approaches to Gender DevelopmentBiological Theories:maintains that biological characteristics of the sexes are the basis of gender Sex Chromosomes: o X=multitask, carries more genes o Y is evolving faster Hormones:affect the body and brain development Brain Specialization: oLeft brain: language center oRight brain: artistic, nonverbal processingoCorpus Callosum allows for crossing lobes (more developed in women)oPrefrontal cortex restrains aggression, larger/develops early in Women oInsula is larger in women affects intuition oAmygdala=center for emotions and is larger for men Theories of Gender DevelopmentoPsychodynamic Theory: identity is unchanging and defined in early years oSocial Learning Theory: Learning by imitating and reinforced by others’ reactions oCognitive Development Theory: interactions influence self-definition o Gender Schema Theory: 12 mon: faces/voices2yrs: framework developed Cultural TheoriesoAnthropological theories: how cultures construct/express gender oSymbolic interactionism: Learn who we are through communication with others 3
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School: University of Connecticut
Course: Gender and Communication
Professor: Amanda Denes
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: comm3450, wgs2940, communication, Gender, UCONN, and Studyguide
Name: COMM 3450/WGS 2940 Final Study Guide
Description: This reviews the big points of the course with an emphasis on the theories. It is recommend that you at least skim the articles we read for class!